Billys statement made today about the four who went to St Lewis in search of the Light.

1st Tip ya lah na Jehnin (Speaking or black Eagle) was Chief. died in St Lewis. He was Kip ka pel i kin grand father, or pak al is ( I think this is the same chief who who received and entertained Lewis & Clark in thier return trip in the Kamiah Vally 1806. they misspelt his name. (Tunnachemooloolt?)

2nd Ka ou pu. Man of the morning or Daylight- One of the two older ones, his mother a Flathead his father a Nez Perce - died in or near St. Louis. St. Charles

3rd Hi Youts tokan (Rabbit skin leggins) of the White bird band - part polouse nez Perce Indian he was Black Eagels brothers son; Yellow Bull is from the same band. he was one of the two young men; he only lived to return. He met the Nez Perce in the Buffalo country Mon[tana]. told all about his visit, and that the promise had been made to send a man with the Book to them. he never came back among his people in Nez Perce land. No one knows where he went (Likely with the whites he loved? them about 100 of them on the buffalo ground that year)

4 Fawis sis sim nin (No horns on his head) or little horns like an old buffalo. He Died on the road home perhaps near the mouth of the Yellow Stone. (a Park) he was about 20 ye[a]r old when he started. his two horses were bought? near Lemhi. he was a doubter of old beliefs

(This going out Billy well remembered. in "31 or "32 Indians gave no dates then this would be 25 years after L & C. were here. of course the older Men. especially chiefs remembered them) (a fifth one. Flathead started but soon returned too old.) I feel quite satisfied that Tip ya lah na Jehnin is one of the old chief buried in the catholic cemetry in St. L. in "31. And that he was the Kamiah Chief who received L & C in May 1806 on their return. he who received with much ceremony in his long house 150, With the flag sent by L. & C. the year before for he was not at home when they passed down, they passed without stopping in K. but the next spring camped for more than a month in or near Kamiah. Could not cross the mountains until the snow would melt. I think Hi youts tohin was his nephew. I am told the chief name in Kamiah at that time was. called either Black or Speaking Eagle. Tennach too moolt is something like the name L & C. used misirable Spelling- and unpronouncable. It seem quite natural 25 years after L & Cs visit when the Nez Perce were perplexed about how & what to worship- their eyes and hearts would try to follow the trail of their trusted friends. beleiving of their troubles were laid before these crowned ones. (Soyappo) they would know the truth

Kip ka pel i kan lives in Kamiah 60 years old now, is a grand son [illegible] the old chief. Strange talk about [illegible]

Strange that historians have made such careless statements about the delegation that they were Flatheads or a Flat head branch of the Nez P. there is no such branch. I doubt the Kamiah Chief was the leader of this great movement. great in results. but back of this chief was -- the loving Lord who could see the end from the beginning And as He looked Westward down through coming years could say - I have much people there.

Those two younger mem. when they burried the fathers who led them there. A s no doubt felt their mission was a sad failure - In their parting address in the Fur companies rooms one of them said, I came to you over a trail of many moons from the setting Sun. I came with one eye partly open, for more light for my people, who dwell in darkness, made my way to you with strong arms through many enemies, and strange lands, that I might carry back much to them. I go back with both arms broken and empty -- The two fathers who came with us, the braves of many winters and wars, We leave them here asleep beside your great waters and wigwams? My people sent me to get the book from heaven from the White man. you make my feet heavy with burdens of gifts, but the book is not among them. When I tell my poor, blind people after one more snow, that I did not get the book. No word will be spoken. One by one they will arise, go out into Silence. My people will die in darkness, no book from the white man to make the road plain Kullo? (that is all).

One who listened to this touching lament, published it in the Pittsburg Advocate, The methodists were stirred up to form a missionary Society or Board to meet this call. In 1834 Jason Lee with his nephew Daniel Lee & laymen Shepherd & Edwards Were sent out to form a mission among the Indians (Nez Perce). Under an escort furnished by Cap. Wyeth they traveled. Cap W. stopped to establish Ft Hall the missionaries pushed on to F. Nez Perce now Walulu And from there in company with Hudson Bay men reached Vancouver where where Dr. McLaughlin one always treating strangers kindly - through his influence the Methodist Mission was started in the Wilamette instead of the Clear Water Valley

In "35 the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions sent out the Rev. Samuel Parker of Ithica N. Y. And Dr. Marcus Whitman of Rushville N. Y. to explore the Oregon Country (This whole country from the Bitter Root Mts. to the Sea) was Oregon. with view an to forming missions among the Indians.

At the Green River rende view on the Rocky mountains they met many Indians some Nez Perce. among them. Halh Lahk hut sole (Lawyer) so named for his shrewdness by Hudson Bay Co. It was there decided Dr Whitman would take two Nez Perce boys with him, return East. Asking for men & Means to start a mission among the Nez Perce. The Nez Perce promising to escort Rev. Parker through the land, this promise they faithfully kept. Parker planned to meet Whitman and his fellow missionaries at this same rende view at the same time next year. Parkers letter met them there the next year - carried there by Nez Perce hands but he himself passed down to view the S. Island 1837 land towards the sea. & There returned him by way of at that rende view in 1836 7   the Nez Perce were in force to guide the promised missionaries home.

Parker & Whitman were men so different in tastes & habits. Parker very particular in all matters of ettiqueth. Whitman a man of "Easy dont care habits, fearless. generous to a fault devoting every energy of mind and body. to the welfare of the Indian. These two men so uncongenial were quite willing to separate when they came to the American rende vew on Green River (in Wyoming) There it was decided that Rev. Parker should go exploring guarded and cared for on the rout by the Indians met there. Nez Perce faith fully these new friends carried out their covenant gave him over to P. C. Pambrum? chief clerk of Hudson Bay co. at Ft Walla Wallas.

At the Green River Rendeview in the R. Mt. 1835 went to P[arker]. & W[hitman]. urging them to come to their people  The promise of the man with the Book was not forg. Many of the Nez Perce there Among them Ish hol koats hoats. Lawyer given the name Lawyer on account of his shrewdness by Hudson Bay co. Whitman was to return East & report their reception and that the Nez Perce wanted the Mission established among themselves Whitman took two boys back with him Ites? he called John. Tuetakas, Richard The Nez Perces knew the White Head had used all his influence to have the four sent out by Methodists Settle in the Wilamette Nez Perce like they wanted all the good going Dr Whitman returned from Rocky Mts in company with the Hudson Bay Company. American Fur Co. The Dr made himself so companionable and useful that his wants & the wants of the two boys with him were kindly met by the Fur companies Agents, he reached NY. safely reported. to American Board Who decided to estabsh a mission. As had been arranged by Parker & Whitman before separating in the Rocky Mountains, as soon as the Nez Perce knew who Parker was they asked them to come home with them to their own people.

Whitmans first return

Feb 20. 1836 As Mr and Mrs Spalding were wending their way over the chrunching snow of Western New York. on their way as missionaries to the Senica Indians. they were over taken by Whitman Who wanted this good couple for mission work in Oregon. Oregon then ment all the Land from montana to the sea.  Questioning and answers passed between the two men as they rode along. It may well take the summers of two years. We can. have the convoy of the American Fur company to the divide - there the Nez Perce would meet them & guide them the rest of the way  So the conversation went on until they reached the villiage of Howard N. Y. Mrs Spaulding was left to decide the Matter which she did on her knees in an upper chamber in town. What about your health Mr S. asked when she returned her answer I will go. Answered I like the command Just as it stands "Go ye into all the world" without any exceptions for poor health. Mrs was a weakly woman. Intellectually, Spiritually She was well fitted for this undertaking She side by side her husband in Greek and Latin in Lane Theological Seminary in Cincinnatti - When Beachers lectures were so much to that institution.

Whitman was soon after married to Miss Narcissas Prenthof. These two grand young Women grand in character although were not at all alike. Mrs W of commanding mean. Mrs S. plain & unassuming the Indians took to Mr S. at once. for one reason she had a quiet heart, not excitable And So readily picked up their language. At Independance on the Missouri they were met by W. H. Grey who had been appointed financial Agent for the company. afterward Oregons Historian. He certainly had his hands ful in calculating & caring for the baggage of that company. they had with them material for blacksmith shop. a plow seeds of all sorts clothing to last two years. Wagons teams at starting they had three wagons eight mules 16 cows. two men And those two Indian boys Whitman took home with them no doubt they were very helpful Other travelers had tried to take wagons through   All had to leave them at some point on the road but Whitman no roads not even trails much of the way. At Ft Hall the [road] was simply impassable all said Whitmans wagon must now go the way of the rest. They did not yet know the man He made a cart from two wheels loaded the other set of wheels and the Swingle tree. brought it Ft Boise left it there until he would come for it.  Little can we now conceive of the inconveniences, not to say hardships that Journey. with rivers to ford or skin rafts to make for the crossing Mountains to ascend & descend where a false step would broken bones or death -- Safely they reached the American rendeview in company with the American Fur Company. Two days before they reached there they had a fright from Indians. but soon saw a white cloth tied to a gun And knew they were friends - horses & riders seemed both alike crazy  with hopping, yelling, shooting & whirling around. no wonder men as well as the two women felt frightened. A rather unpleasant way of expressing their Joy that the Missionaries had indeed come! They expected to meet Parker there according to agreement he was not there but a letter from him carried there by Nez Perce (Lawyer) met them. The Indians you may sure cast some keen looks at the two white women. Then presented them with some fresh venison In return for this compliment Takensuetis Samuel & Ish hol hol hoats Hoots (Lawyer) were invited to supper with their white friends. Although the 20 " July 1836. the air must have been cool & pure for from that divide in Rocky Mts Waters run from it into the Missuri Columbia Colorado & Columbia rivers. With the venison the Indians presented also a piece of boiled & roast buffalo meat. roasted on a stick. with more sand than salt upon it Lawyer would not be the father of his sons if he did not try to make a good impression upon his white friends there. Mrs Lawyer was with her husband on that trip And took great delight in telling me about it, when she was a very old woman. Mrs Spaulding was so kind, So gentle, so altogether good. in the Nez Perce eyes. Mrs Lawyer said Why she could talk quite well with us before we reached our own land. This Mrs S. was a cousin of Dr Ellenwood Sec. of Foreign Board. The short letter from Mr Parker Said he had been treated kindly by the Indians. & showed he was favorable to starting missions. Among the Cayuse & Nez P. He Went on down to Vancouver & from there visited the Methodist Mission, conducted by the Lees Uncle & Nephew. Shepherd & Edwards It was not strictly for Indians many Canadian half bloods there Mr Parker returned home by the way of the  Sandwich Islands. Those Islands which seem far away to us now was for some reason easily reached then. Perhaps because there was much travel then by way of Cape horn & the H. B Co. furs were often taken that way. Mr P. did a good work for the church that then knew so little about the needs of Oregon. The Nez Perce kept close by their missionary from the Rocky Mountains to the Columbia All following the Hudson Bay Cos traders It was in there H.  Whit made the cart & finally had to leave that for a time at Ft Boise.

On 2nd day of Sep. 1836 they reached Ft Walla Walla Walla on the Columbia. A little over four months after leaving the Missouri. According to their estimate they had traveled 2250 miles They were kindly received at the Ft. by Mr. P. C. Pambrum. Hudson Bays Agent at that point. The tired ladies were helped from their horses And everything possible done for the comfort of all. Cattle & horses were cared for as well. They rested but a few days there, then in company with Pambrum start off in boats for Vancouver. The hardships of the water way equaled for a time the mountain roads. So many falls. so many portages to make. but Vancouver was head quarters. all strangers felt like paying their compliments to the kind gentlemen Old White head Dr. John McLaughlin Word had gone on of the coming of the strangers So he with a friend Dr McL stood at the landing waving a welcome gallantly offering his arm to Mrs W. to  lead her up the beach to his home followed by his friend with Mrs Spaulding. reaching there 12 Sep 1836. The subject discussed there was where were they going to locate.

Pambrum from the upper country constantly reminding them of the Cayuse & Nez Perce claims Whitman Everything that could be done was done for the visiters in that then magnificent log house. It took the ladies some time to understand domestic arrangements there but when they did they tried to have those two wives and their children take their places assert their rights at the ladies table. Mr Spaulding, Whitman And Grey left the ladies in their comfortable quarters, and started up the river in search of a locations. Mr Grey was in favor of stopping at the Dalles. because the Indians delighted to gather at the Salmon fisheries. but the Lord knew where He wanted them to pitch their tents. At Walulu Walla found their Nez Perce friends waiting for them to guide them home. They were soon on their Cayuse ponies with one for pack horse, and went into camp in the forks of the Walla Walla mouth & Mill Creek. A few - Cayuse Indians shily watching their movements.

can we not See the four. W. S. G. & Pambrum around the camp fire discussing the merits of or advantages of that very site.for a mission for for several days they explored the adjacent country returning to the same camp at night. A stake was put down to mark the spot. This done they returned brought the tent, horses, mission goods and began at once to put up a house, the Indians helping all they could in the work. This was the beginning of the Mission House at Wi e lat Among the Cayuse In a few days Whitman started with Mr S. & Grey. and the Nez Perce up to the Clear Water Country. on they traveled about 125 miles to Clear Water  Selecting a spot about two miles up theLapwai Creek and 12 miles from Lewiston, there they found good springs. Always a matter of first importance with Indians of cource the Indians knew Just the best place for their missionary. Nature has not lost any of the charms of the place some of the old apple trees which Mr S. planted are still there. As the traveler now descends thunder hill and looks at the comfortable home of James Grant, he would say if he knew the story. No wonder that was the place chosen to pitch the buffalo tent in 1836. Mr W. returned to work at his own home in mill creek Mr S. went on down to Vancouver for the ladies. by the middle of Nov. Mrs Whitmans good voice was praising God in her home. the first family Alter in all this great west! Mr & Mrs S. with Mr Grey reached Lapwai about 1st   (Nov 29 ) of Dec. 1836, Mrs Spaulding in a letter soon after her arrival in Lapwai to her parents calls it This "dear spot" & says We are located among a people with whom We will be happy to spend our days.

Only three weeks & three days. they lived in the buffalo tent. by that time Mr Spaulding. Grey with the help of the Indians had built a log house 42 x 18 feet. It took 12 Indians to carry one log from the river two miles away.  Each man receiving 6 inches of trail rope tobacco. the currency of the country. none but wild Nez Perce use tobacco now. 18 feet of one end of that building was used by the family. the rest as school room. Indian room an place of worship. Poor Mrs S. what a time she must have had to keep the people  out at meal time of her end of house! Well she was a gentle, patient Woman. She soon had her school going. no trouble to get pupils near. for at that date the people were not living scattered in families but in bands, in long tents. as one of them, said Something like the cattle. was a remark of one who knew. & if they felt disposed the entire community or tribe could easily pick up and pitch tents near their teacher. And once the writing and reading were started the progress would be fast, for ambition to excell each other is one of the leading traits in the Nez Perce character. The printing of by hand the lessons was very attractive to them. Men, Women & children. I have seen some of it which would do credit to a present day pupil. Mrs S. could draw some and often made use of this art in her teaching bible truth. the Nez P believe in pictures. One of Miss McBeth pupils Enock said in a dispute It is so. I saw the picture of it. - That settled the matter. Mrs S. not only taught books but domestic Arts as well. she taught her girls to knit & sew if She taught them how to weave they did not keep that up. Some of the old women whom I have know could read a little. mr S. helped in the teaching all studied aloud, or followed their teacher in the pronunciation, an annoying habit to a present day teacher.

Mr S. was a man of Affairs; No Agent then No Ft. No any thing or body but the Missionaries. Mr S. was a faithful, earnest, strong man but for all that Mrs Spaulding had the warmest place in the peoples hearts Mr S. tried hard to teach the people to cultivate the ground One day it was about the potato while they were in the house at the foot of the hill. He explained how to plant & how it then paired? one raw cut it in pieces handing Billy a piece on the point of his pocket knife Billy tasted it And pronounced it toots. (good) Billys potatoes and garden the next year was the talk of the tribe. causing the young woman (maiden) who had rejected him as a suiter to reconsider & take him for a husband. So

1st They live about a year in their first house. Beautiful as the spot at the spring was or As we would now say At the foot of thunder hill. Big Thunder a chief is buried on the top of the hill. The "sent ones" (Missionaries) through a better place for the mission would be down on the banks of the Koos Koos ki or Clear Water river. So a more commodious log house was built there near to the mouth of the Lapwai. The largest room was the S. room, reception, room. the place of gathering. This ground was, still is a favorite? camping ground place. There the long tent was pitched perhaps. 150 long like the one Lewis & Clark saw in Kamiah. Mr S. enclosed 15 acres of ground to cultivate not only for self support but for an object lesson. in agriculture for he Mr S. felt he was as much a missionary when planting or hoeing his corn & potatoes as when translating the book of Matthew into the native tongue. he was right these There he planted his orchard of apple trees and there today after nearly 70 years the little narled apple trees stand. the gavel now used by the stated clerk of the Walla Walla Presbytery was made from the root of one of these same trees, planted by Mr Spauldings hands.

The old house was torn down only two years ago. after serving several years as a stable. Jim Moses the present owner of the land on which it was built could not understand Why the Soy appo. Whites were coming sighting round his stable so often, knocking off bits of stone from the old outside chimney and going off as if they had found a precious thing Many years before it became a stable it was used by a deaf Indian Mr. D went to the back room, his home, one day no answer to my his rap. stepped in Deafy head was standing in front a small glass which hung upon the wall (his back to (him) patiently pulling out evry hair from his chin with a small pair of tweezers! Oh now he saw why the Nez Perce had no beards. Just what I had been told. A few of them now wear mustache.

It is not hard for Me to see three of the four of Mr & Mrs S’s children playing around the old home. Eliza may have carried Amelia Lovingly on her back, tied on there in her Mothers Shawl. While Martha Jane trotted along at her side with her Indian doll in a tecash? (baby board) which she passed over her head, the strap in front back fixed so the tecash was worn high up on the back or shoulders. The playing Mother of the little girls in the long house near to the Mission House was Just as fashionable then as it today, other customs may change but with heathen or christian the love for the children is remains strong and tender.

Henry Hart no doubt practiced shooting at a mark with his flint arrow heads. failing to shoot a bird upon the wing as his little red friends could easily do. he could would turn his attention to the Magpies. plenty of them stepping around. Then all together they would trip down along the shore and in the deep white sand hunt arrow heads. An then the river with the beautiful stones so clearly seen on the bottow was to the Indian children no more to be dreaded than the land. but the Spaulding children after the drowning of the only child of Dr. Whitman had many charges about the danger of going in. they would look with great admiration upon the wise Nez Perce children as they capered around in the water, dived down or swam across. with the skin dress rolled up and carried over on the heads of the swimmer or if they (Indian) Jumped in mockasins & all. What did that matter they obeyed the impluse. Mother would neither whip or scold. She would only say Esta Esta. notu tots. (My darling that is not good) and patiently scrape more skins for clothes or shoes. The happy unfettered chidhood of Indian children! but in after years. the Selfish, willful tempered ways of Men & Women is shows the results of such training or want of training. How many shady spots the children found under the cotton Woods or bushes on the banks of the Lapwai Mr Spauldings body now rests under a clump of locust trees near to where the long house stood, and to the play ground of the children rests until he with his spiritual children will together rise to Meet their glorified Lord. The first Mrs S. is burried in the Wilamette. Valley. So there for eleven years Mr & Mrs Spaulding patiently worked with little to little in the first years to encourage them. Three years had passed before the two first converts Joseph. Tihakas?. & Timothy Fa mut sin?. finished their minds to enter the new way. four years elapsed more befor any more others confessed their love for Christ. the School went on, at times, nearly two hundred And then but few. The people men & women anxious to learn. Spurred on to the work by their natural ambition to excell each other. It matter little to them now if A  white person has a well furnished house but let one of their own people advance in these things then that is enough to make others move.

There at Lapwai a little Saw mill & grist mill was started. In this and all other work Mr S. was ably helped assisted by Mr Grey? & Mr Con who accompanied Mr & Mrs S. from the East afterward Oregons Historian. afterwards also Mr Cornelius Rodgers. What an improvement the grist mill was the women thought over the old stone morter in which they pounded the kouse to flour for bread. To the poor women it had been pound. pound never ending monotonous sound Lewis & Clark - said the pounding in the Kamiah camp reminded them of a nail factory. The Wisdom of the soy appo Whites was the talk. one of the old mill stones lay for years near the old grinding place in Lapwai. then Henry H. Spaulding Mr Ss son took it away intending to place it in the with Idaho exhibit at the Worlds Fair Chicago; Mr S. had more of change than Mrs S. he had his preaching points Allapowa She me ni kam? (Lewiston, Lapwai Askiway & Kamiah. Mr S. he oftener at times  went to visit their nearest white neighbor. Dr Whitman 120 miles away. Often leaving Mrs S. alone with the people, then more numerous than now. Somewhere about 8000 then. The only time once one of them said an insulting word to Mrs S. he came near losing his life for it. so indignant were the people about it. Mrs S. pled for him the people have not forgotten it yet .on asking several years ago who a certain woman was, the answer was she is the daughter of that man who insulted Mrs. S. If Mrs had not loved her work. & felt His presence as she plodded at her daily tasks What of cooking sewing & teaching, What a burden life would have been to her. No Mail carrier to look for no few books to read. one day that must to have been in 1839 when as the sun was going down over the Lapwai hills a train of tired Cayuse stopped in front of the Mission house bearing the present of a Printing Press! from the Native Church of Honalula, Sandwich Islands! Both Missions there & here were under the Same Board A B. F Ms And a Mr E. O. Hall and wife along with it, to show them how to use it. What a forward impulse was given to the School room work. When a little elementary primmer of 20 pages was passed around among the Mission pupils! of cource they studied louder than ever then for old Men & women as well as the children were expected to commit the lessons given them to print. now here was the printing. ready made. Then came the little book The young childs catechism, Just as we have it now! only it was in the Nez P language for them. What a prize I find occasionally one of these, of early date carefuly rolled up ready to fall to pieces from very age. Then After Gov. Dr White visited them giving them a code of laws for their own govrment? they were printed on this press, and studied in school as a lesson. Mr S. wrote them The Bible and the laws meaning those given by Dr white are all they care. for Much the same now. the bible is the book of books to them. Many hymns were translated and printed on the little press. they sing many of these old hymns yet. Mr S. showed his good Judgement in the hymns he chose to translate. Old hymns with the pith of the Gospel in them. Such as God loved the World of Sinners lost, Come Holy Spirit.

That little printing press did good work here, then, After the Whitman massacre and the Mission was broken up, it reached Salen Oregon where the Second Newspaper of the County was put out called The Oregon American Evangelican Unionist!

The 1st Presbyterian church of in the oregon Territory was organized on the 18" day of Aug 1838 by the missionaries of the American Board of Commissioners for Fo[r]eign Missions at Wai lal poo the name of Dr Whitman Slation [station] among the Cayuse Indians or in other words in Dr Whitmans house. which was siluated [situated] on the banks of the Walla Walla River near the mouth of Mill creek. This point distant from the ["now" superscripted] City of Walla Walla about seven (7) miles. The Charter Members were 7 seven
1st Rev Henry Harmon Spaulding a Presbyterian Minister from the Presbytery of Bath N. York (miss.
2nd Mrs Eliza Spaulding also a missionary
3d Dr Marcus Whitman, a presbyterian elder from Wheeler, Stuben? co. N. Y. Missionary
4 Mis Narcissus Whitman Missionary
5. Joseph Maki
6 Mrs Maria Keana? Maki both natives of the Sandwich Iland (presented certificate for Honolulu?
7. Charles Compo from Canada had been a Catholic

Mr Spaulding was elected paster of this church in the Wilderness. And Dr Marcus Whitman Elder. "Resolved that this church be governed on the congregational plan." but attached to the Bath Presbytery N. Y.!" The wonder to me is, that the Nez Perce are not now either Methodists or congregationalists from the mixed up state of things in early days. (Survival of the fittest) I presume A strange little company that was gathered from the ends of the earth to set up the banner of the Lord in such a lonely spot! The meeting was held in the home of the Dr. W perhaps in Mrs Whitmans’ School room. Was it full and the women with the little ones down on the floor the mothers every once in a while giving the baby board (cradle) a little shake to keep it the little one from fretting as it stood in its case so straight?  Who else were there? I can see the record of only one White spectator: A catholic Pambrun from Ft Walla Walla, who charged Campo to think well before he left the mother church.

Two years had nearly passed, Since Mr Spaulding, Dr Whitman and their faithful wives began sowing the Gospel Seed in the fallow ground around them. Not one convert from either the Nez Perce or Cayuse tribes yet. to show the Lord was blessing their work. but for all that, they did not doubt the promise "My Word? shall not return unto Me void He will fulfill all in his own time and way.

Aug. 19. 1838 the day after the organization the Lords supper was celebrated. The Master Himself was there. how their hearts burned within them as he drew them closer to Himself than they had ever before. To those poor ignorant Indians Men & Women who was watching evry movement with intense curiosity The bread & the wine What did that mean? And why was it not given  to them as well? And then the baptism of that little 18 month old John Compo! Well I know evry Mothers heart longed for the same to be done to her child or children. if it would shield them in after life from harm. of course she thought it was some kind of a charm connected with the wa yah kin (Attending Spirit) - What a strange looking company filled that room! leggins, moccasins. an aprons and the cover all blanket a skin of some animal would be the dress of the men, shells in their ears hatless but their heavy braids. falling in front the women with their skin slips on fringed with the same around the bottom, few ornaments for themslf but the baby boards how they were covered with beads & shells and dangles, The consecrated leaders or Missionaries had no eyes for these queer things, but were thinking and hoping for the time when the Spirit would adorn the dark skined children of the forest with the meek & quiet plow up the soil and give life to the seed. We love to look back through the years (some of them dark ones into that room And trace the blessings which have come to this whole country from the doings of that day! And still there is more to follow)

What a visit that must have been to Mrs Spaulding who had not seen the face of a white woman for nearly two years! And how those two dear friends Mrs W And Mrs S. Who had traveled  for months together would talk as they worked for sure I am Mrs S. did not sit with folded hands in that busy home at Wia lat poo. they strengthened each others hearts as they worked by telling over Gods care for them and His presence with them in their homes and work. Their discouragements were many but back of them His promises. But the morning came when they must separate. the cayuse ponies were led up to the house with their platted horse hair bridles tied under their Jaw, and the woden saddles adjusted while the pack ponies were piled high with provision and tent for the Journey of 120 miles. many little packages of seeds and roots in the bundles. to try in the Nez Perce country so isolated that they only occasionally saw a trapper or trader, While the Whitmans Saw about all the travel of the country. going by way of Ft Walla Walla, to head quarters at Vancouver. Mrs W. would have her little presents packed in to - With a . Oh yes! you must take them for I am so much nearer to the store than you! Little Eliza in her Mothers arm would stand watching all the prd preparations for starting, wondering not old enough yet to be tied why she could not ride a little pony if she were tied into the woden   sadle as her little Nez Perce friends. These two white Women talked of the expected Missionaries Mrs Grey was looked for any time now, with her husband at the Nez Perce Mission Mrs W. would have others with her for a time at least. So they stood talking while the men made all secure on the ponies. they planned a visit to the clear Water home. God kindly veils our eyes so that we can see but a few steps before us at most. All was ready it would be like Mrs Spaulding to say, come let us go into the house and spend a few mintues in prayer together before we separate. then there would be another meeting of the newly formed church, for of course the French Canadian Compo with his Nez Perce wife and the Sandwich Islander with his wife Mission workers were all there to see the friends start off. There on their knees in that ["now" superscripted] sacred spot they consecrated themselves anew to the Master. Asking blessings - upon each other. While We are absent one from the other." And if the lips did hymn they sung was not utter "God be with you until We meet again it was the song of the heart.

How much Mr & Mrs S. found to talk about. Meeting at times the smiling faces of their own Nez Perce on the way to hunt on the blue mountains they were tired of the heat & dust of the Lapwai Valley and their bit of grain and garden stuff was stored in the Wekash So they had light hearts on their Journey It was indeed a pleasant road rather trail for the four or six horse teams With a trail nag? on behind had not yet cut up the was way as now, compelling the traveler feel his way along in a cloud of dust. The fording places were not dangerous rivers so low. As they compared the two tribes Cayuse & Nez Perces they would say Our lines have falen to us in pleasant places We have a goodly heritage. So on they went to find a deserted villiage for if the Nez Perce had not gone one way they had another. Most of them over the Bitter Root mountains into the Buffalo Country. might be back when the snow flew might not be back for years fine travelers the Nez Perce then. any where was home where they could pitch a tent and find enough fish, game & roots in those days it was a feast or famine eat while they had any thing to eat then be for days without any thing. The eating regularly, three times a day came in as a part of the gospel ["by?" superscripted] When they had meat they eat meat. they do not object to variety now.

Mr and Mrs Had plenty to do to provide for the coming winter and the incoming Missionaries to their Mission Mr Grey was expected soon with his young wife - how could they with no regular mails and So many hinderances to be met in their way of traveling then. But before a full month had passed after the organization at Waiye lat poo the names of nine new missionaries were added to the roll of the new church Sep 2. 1838

Mr Wm Grey who had been with Mr S. at Clear Water Mission arrived With his wife Presbyterian Mr Cornelius Rodgers. Presbyterian commissioned as helpers at Nez Perce Miss[ion]

Rev. A. B. Smith and wife for Nez Perce Mission (congregationalists)
Rev. Elkana Walker with his Wife Mary R. (congregationalists)
Rev. Cushing Ells. with his wife Myra. F. Congregationalists

Rev. Walker & Ells with their wives did not remain long at Wai ye latpoo. They opened a mission station among the Spokanes in the spring of 39. At Thsimakain Six miles north of the Spokane River. And faithfully planted the gospel seed for nine years or until after the Whitman Massacre. When they left not a convert? to christianity The seed was only burned not lost the quickening time came As to to the Spokanes as to the Nez Perce long after the missionaries had left them.

Mr Grey (Afterwards Oregons Historian And Mr Rodgers put new life into the mission on the banks of the clear Water fifty years afterwrd at the time of the Sema Centinial [Semi Centennial] in the Lapwai church. The old people had Much to tell about the doings of those days. Some of the old women claimed to have helped to build the mill. I don’t doubt it they would be more efficient workers than the men in those days when the men considered the hunting And the fishing their part of providing for the family. How well the old people remembered Mr Grey & Rodgers, Grist mill saw mill & Printing press at L. lively. the Rev. A. B. Smith & wife remained a time at Waiyalatpoo in 1839. they opened a mission station in the beautiful Kamiah Valley 60 miles above Lapwai an isolated place indeed. Ellis a young Nez Perce lately returned from the Red River Settlement School was chief in K at the time Mr Smith began work there. Lawyer was a young ambitious man in community of many chiefs. When Mr S talked to the people in the fall of 39 they told him he might put up a house but should not enclose or plow any land. A Jealousy between Lawyer & Ellis & strained relations between Mr S & the some of the missionaries made an unhappy winter for these lonely missionaries Indians often crowding in on them demanding food. Mrs S. a delicate woman. whom the Indians called the Weeping one. no doubt she had cause for tears. When spring came Mr S. got the began plowing a pieces of ground With James Hines now our oldest minister guideing riding one of the unwise ponies to guide the plow. At once the people appeared & forbade an other furrow to be made & told Mr S. to go go. he told them he would as soon as he could find a way to go. he made a boat or canoe. & came down the swolen C. river. So dangerous at that time of the year an Indian would hesitate to try it. but very glad they were to get down & out. Mr & Mrs S. went on to the Sandwich Island after Spending a time at Wealatpoo. At length reached their far eastern home. The Mission here was a failure so far as we can See. The Lord may look upon it differently He must have been a man of Good Spirit for more than twenty years afterward he wrote enquiring in the kindest manner after some of the leaders of the trouble in K. Heads bowed & shame covered their faces at mention of his name. Some said Lawyer was the cause of the trouble others said Ellis. 

Ellis was one of Several boys who had been sent by Hudson Bay Co. to the Red River Settlement Canada. five boys. Fa na to na a Cayuse. Thomas Geary’s father a Spokane I do not know who the others were. think Nez Perce who soon after died Ellis was said to be overbearing, not surprising With his limited education among his ignorant people. he was honored much by the Whites. When Dr White Sub Agent of Us. S. made a visit to the Nez Perce in 1842 at a great council at Lapwai at which 22 chiefs were present. Ellis was chosen head chief. The first formal election of chiefs. At that council were Five Crows. Blood Chief Who was 90 years old. had seen Lewis & Clark. He really nominated Ellis for chief in an indirect way by saying We sent three of our sons to the Red River School. two of them sleep with their fathers one is here today. I am tired can say no more. Dr White told them that if they elected a chief Unanimously by the following day at ten. We would all dine together with the chief on a fat ox. at 3 P. M. Much talking to their white friends McKinley & Roders before they understood Just what to do. Elles was elected. the feast was fully enjoyed the after dinner songs. also. then the the pipe passed around I presume Mr Spaulding passed it to the next one without a puff himself. Then all was over Dr White complemented the Nez Perce for not once bothering him with begging while on this visit, different from all other tribes whom he knew. Then in the name of his Chief the President he presented 50 hoes to Mr S. & the chief to be given to the worthy poor. The laws framed for the government of the Nez Perce were then read & adopted Dr White & friends mounted their ponies turned their heads homeward Mr S. & Chiefs accompanying them 4 or 5 miles The old people say Ellis told them much about God & that they see now his teaching was right. but run so against their practices they rejected it. he became more  more unpopular with his people & got after him as I have known them to do Since, like hornets from a disturbed nest. And stung him to death. He left them to follow their own hearts & took refuge over in the Buffalo Country Montana. died there of small pox. I think in 57. If it can be they look back on their treatment of their own Nez Perce Ellis with more shame than at remembrance of Mr Smith, Ellis daughter is lives? Mrs Jehoshaphat? is living in the Meadow creek congregation not yet 60 years old.

The Laws given by Dr White & studied in S[chool]

Laws of the Nez Perces
Article 1st Whoever willfully takes life shall be hung.
2n Whoever burns a dwelling shall be hung.
3d Whoever burns an outdwelling-house shall be imprisoned six months, receive fifty lashes. & pay all damages.
4 Whoever carelessly burns a house, or any property, shall pay damages.
5 If any one enters a dwelling, without permission of the occupant, the chief punish him as he think proper. Public rooms accepted.
6th If any steals he shall pay back twofold, And if it be the value of a beaver skin or less, he shall pay for the receive twenty five lashes; and if the [?] is over a beaver skin he shall pay back two fold; and receive fifty lashes.
7" If any one take a horse and ride it, without permission, or take any article and use it, without liberty, he shall pay for the use of it, And receive from 20 to 50 lashes. As the chief shall direct
8." If any one enter a field, and injure crops, or throw down the fence, so that cattle or horses go in [page 56] and do damage, he shall [?] all damages, and receive twenty five lashes. for evry offence.
9" Those only may keep dogs who travel or live among the game; If a dog kill a lamb, calf or any domestic animal, the owner shall pay the damages and kill the dog.
10" If an Indian raise a gun or other weapon against a white man, it shall be reported to the chiefs, and they shall punish it. If a white do the same to an Indian, it shall be reported to Dr White, and he shall punish or redress it.
11" If an Indian break these laws he shall be punished by his chiefs. If a White man break them, he shall be reported to the Agent, and punished at his instance. The moral law for the Nez Perce at that time.

That little field which M S fenced at Lapwai 15 acres. was known as Mr S’ land no trouble at the time with the people about it, but oh the trouble the anxiety We have had about it since. After the Whtiman Massacre 1847. all Missions among the Indians were abandoned. Presbyterian & congregational Missionaries up to this date had been working under the Same B. A. B. C. F M. i e now congregational Board. indeed the most of the early missionaries to this Oregon were congregationalists. Dr Whitman, Rev. Cushing Ells, Rev. E. E. Walker, & S B. Smith Mr Spaulding & Mr Grey was blue enough however.

The A. B. C F M. gave  Mr Ells Agent had been lived among the Spokanes Indians Authority to Sell Mrs? Spaulding claim at the mouth of the Lapwai. Which he did to Judge Langford of Walla Walla, The Indians knew little about this untill after Mr S. death in 74, How surprised and indignant they were to know Langford claimed for Mr S. all the land granted by Origin to any of its sittlers 640 acres! he L. saying where it should be. From the mouth of the Lapwai on up the creek from foot hill on either side until the 640 acres were included! Taking out between three & four miles of the beautiful valley or all the Agency buildings the beloved church & the little homes and fields of about twenty Nez Perce families The first attempt of Judge L. to take this land failed because there was a good strong agent then in the Office at Lapwai Mr John  Monteith. Who called the soldiers down from the Ft to hold the Gov buildings from that time the claim was not pressed until the Allotter Miss Fletcher came on to give the Nez Perce their land inseverality. An injunction was served upon her. Do not touch My land. the Lang[ford] claim.  The allotment finished it was not long until the Commissioners appeared to buy the surplus or unallotted land. The first question from the Ind that met them was  What are you going to do with the Langford claim? And after a whole week counciling it was still the question. No treaty was entered into until the Commissioners promised to try & get W-ash to buy that claim & give back the little homes to the people living on it. $20,000 was paid by Gov. to the Langford heirs. The church site of 3- Acres surveyed & made over to the Trustees. And peace? reighned And We were ashaimed of the many times. something that We had feared there would be blood shed. over this in the nearly twenty years that this claim had hung as a dark cloud over us. For this was not a matter simply of the families who would have been put out of their homes. but the changing the place of Worship with all its sacred memories. All the christian Nez Perce were touched when it came to this spot.

Cayuse, Whitman Massacre

Dr Whitman after spending one year in the east & on his Journey returned to Wailatpoo Oct. 1843 bringing 875 Settlers for 2000 horses Oregon. their 111 wagons 2000 cattle and horses equipments made an imposing train to the Indian eyes. The Dr found things in a bad condition the Grist mill burnt. All about his. the Mission   home neglected, Mrs Whitman because of unkind treatment from the Indians had taken refuge in the Methodist Mission at the Dalles. The Indians many of them sullen and with different faces toward him. They doubtless heard much at the Hudson Bay traders post. near them. It W-alla Walla. As to the object of his visit to the east. Indians are shrewd readers of faces. they understood quite well what was going on. For the King George men were Just as anxious to take Oregon for their King as Whitman was to have the Americans. Bostin Men take it for America. it all ment to the Natives nothing less than the Whites are going to take our land & make us slaves. They had councils & Councils but what could they do to prevent it. As the years rolled on more emegrants came all who stopped at the Whitman station were kindly treated and helped on their Journey further on. Other influences were at work. so that altogether. caused the base hearts at Wai latpoo there were to sink within them. Not only Wealatpoo was troubled but all the Missions especially the Nez Perce mission The people were different there was then much intercourse? between the two Nez P & C" tribes - The school not so well attended many of the Nez Perce got tired of Working like women they became insolent to Mr Spaulding the Mr Spaulding & Dr Whitman met & talked & prayed over these things as often as they could. but they were 120 miles apart & could not trust letters to go between often. Mr & Mrs Grey And Mr Rodgers had left the Mission The Kamiah Station was deserted. Mr Spaulding had at different times helpers in his School for since the Eliza Henry Hart & Martha Jane had Amelia Lorinda come to the Spaulding home Mrs Spaulding could not teach as at first through it all. the spirit had not left the Nez P. Mission here & there He was touching hearts: But the clouds grew darker & darker. Many were sick & crying among the Cayuse measles brought in by the emegrants were there as with all native very fatal. The treacherous J__ve? Lewis a french half breed catholic an employe at the Whitman station. told he had heard the plot talked over between Mr S. & Whitman to kill the Natives & take the land Whitman advised quick Work Mr S. Said do it gradually. Dr Whitman & 14 others were Massacred by the Cayuse Indians. Doubtless these Sainted ones know why the Lord permitted such fearful work to go on We will know sometime also. Mr Spaulding knew something of the sickness and many deaths at Waiylatpoo. And must go and comfort & help his friends. he was not far from Wailatpoo ["3 or 4 miles" superscripted] when he was met by an Indian ["Catholic priest" superscripted] who told him of the massacre he did not turn at once for his [he] was suspicious of the the time of Massacr he was at Umatilla 40 miles from Wailat soon turned his pony head homeward and fled. for his life for it was part of the plan to destroy the Nez Perce Mission also. Mr Spauldings horse got away from him he compelled to walk was on the road Six days. traveling at night hiding in daytime A Mr Canfield fled from Wailatpoo came to Mrs Sauldings told her all but advised her not to speak of it to the Nez Perce She trusted the christian Indians And told them. they all thought Mr S was killed It was sabbath morning that she stood in her door talking with Jacob, Eagle & some others. they advised her to go with them to their camp they could take better care of her & the children there. her answer was I will not flee on the sabbath day the Lord can take care of Me here. a little council around the corner of the house then returned to her with If you will keep the Sabbath We will keep your? This is the last picture We have of this brave woman as she stands framed in that cabin door. No wonder the Nez Perce have been a sabbath keeping people with such an illustration of sabbath keeping as this. She left her house Monday morning it was pillaged by Wild Nez P. & doubtless would have shared Mrs Whitmans fate if she had been found alone there. Mr S. got back in a worn out condition but happy his family were alive. he did not know yet whether his little girl Eliza. 10 years old was living or not. she was in the Whitman home at the time of the Massacre. she was not killed. Soon after this. the Cayuse war began. all the mission were broken up Mr S. wife & family were guarded to F Wal Wall at Walula. by 40 nez Perce Settled in the Walamette Vally where Mrs S. died in 1851. Hers is a most honered name among the Nez Perce today. After the Cayuse War all that was left of the once powerful Cayuse was with the Walla Wallas put in on the Umatilla reserve. they are much inter Where they have lost there identity as lost their langua a tribe. lost their language (Nez Perce language is the language spoke on that reserve). Many have intermarried with the Nez Perce - but there is no boasting here of their blood. They have heard too often that is the tribe that killed Whitman, They rejected the message killed the Messenger And are now Scattered & [illegible]

The Indian part of 1st church of Oregon

We have already spoken about the organization of the first church of Oregon at Waiyelatpoo. on 18 Aug. 1838 Seven charter members. Whites in Sep of Same year the number of members was increased by nine new names. being added to the roll. in all 16. These persons were all missionaries or helpers in the Mission with perhaps the exception of Compo. during the time from this organization until the breaking up of the mission in 47 We find the names of a few more Whites enrolled. Let us now look at the rank & file or the lay members of the church. the Indians

Joseph Tuetakas Nez P. chief
Timothy Fa mut sin? ["__? 85" inserted] these were the first Nez Perces to confess their faith in Christ. Just three years after Mr & Mrs S. came among them. May 14, 1843. Lyman a slave of Snake Oregon who had been taken captive by the Nez Perce in some one of the many skimishes with that tribe. Lois his wife Joined the church with him. Levi brother of Timothy. Luke & his wife Eunice, Hesekiah Cayuse two winters in Mr S. school, Aseneth wife of Joseph, Former wife of Timothy, Olive wife of Oliver? in all nine persons. of the first two who professed christ Joseph turned back to Egypt. but Timothy was faithful unto the end faithful not only to God but to his white friends. He it was who. a short time after the Yackamo war. while Colonel Steptoe was over in the Polouse Country entrapped While the natives were having a good time over it. dancing a war dance the night was dark. but Timothy and his brothers knew of an unguarded place in the rocks, quietly guided Steptoe and his band through it & went with them 90 miles to a place of safety among his own people, who cared for the wounded & crossed the command over the dangerous river. Timothy kind, old face now comes before me as I write saw it last in 1881.

On 14 May 14, 1843 We find enrolled

June 23, 1844 The following John Kosut persons were added on profession of their faith in Christ.
Ruth a very old woman.  [illegible] David & wife Rhoda, Jude & wife Matilda. Titus & Levi Bartholemew Ten in all which added to the eleven (11) already on the roll makes 22.  Mr Spaulding & his Elder Dr Whitman spent three days examining these candidates for membership. Before the breaking up of the church or mission quite a number of whies had withdrawn from the church Mission & left for other points taking their certificates from this church leavin ghe most of the Indians as the body of the church.  Mr Spaulding during the 11 years he spent among the Nez Perce before the breaking up of the mission made no elders organized no churches among them.  He had ordained Deacons as helpers.

To look a these few Indian names on the roll of the first church of Oregon seems to be a scant return for the 11 years of faithful seed sowing of these early missionaries.   In 1855 an estimate was made of results showing that in three lodges numbering 45 persons among the Cayuse and about one third of the Nez Perce 1000 had kept up regular worship morning & evening and public worship as were singing the Nez Perce Hymns and reading the Nez P Mathew which Mr S had furnished them with before he left eight years before.  No No the seed was not lost but Oh how deep it did get burried under old heathenism & the white mans vices before the quickening came.

Mr S. married a second time while in the Willamette Valley.  Although his home was there his heart was among the Nez Perce.  Pulic worship was kept up among the NEz Perce by a few of their leading men and family worship morning and evening in many of he lodges.  they held tenaciously to the forms of Worship he tuahgt htelm. he returned to Nez Perce land in the fall of 62.  under government appointment as superintendant of Education.  This office was abolished in 1865  Mr S during the three years he was with them led again their worship.  One of the preaching was where the town of Lewiston now stands.


From the time Mr S. left in 1847 until his return in 1861. 24 years. little had been done for the spiritual improvemt of the Indians. In that time two treaties had been made the first one in 1855  with Gov. I stephens acting for the Gov. in it the Nez Perce were to give up the land they claimed from the Blue to the Bitter Root Mountains And go within the prescribed reservation where they would never again be disturbed while the sun shined or water ran. This treaty was not ratified until 1859. The next year the gold mines of Orofino were discovered on the reserve and the gold mines of Florence and other places in Western Idaho. to the east of the reserve. Men in countless numbers rushed on and across the reserve. to reach the gold. A new treaty was made in 1861. (Not ratified however) but that did not matter the town of Lewiston (on the desired strip) was laid out. And became the first capital of Idaho! Still on the Nez Perce reserve. in 1863. ratified in 1867. by which the part of the reserve lying north of the snake & Clear Water rivers and South F of clear Water R. by the Weipe was given up. There was much opposition to this treaty the tribe became treaty & non treaty in a sense. Joseph White Bird And Looking Glass refused to give up their beloved Walowa. this was the main cause of the Joseph War. Lawyer and about 50 lesser Chiefs sighned this treaty And for this he was looked upon as untrue to his own people. With thes Changes came in with these treaties the Agency was establi at the mouth of the Lapwai the Ft four miles up the Lapwai. The influences from the Soldiers were especially demoralizing. which with old dirty heathenism brought the Nez Perce low indeed. through it all they kept a form of worship, they in this period lost all but the two three big commandments Remember the Sabbath to keep it holy. Thou shalt not steal, thou shalt not? kill  (things not hearts were ment by the word steal. A woman who would not even when hungry steal a piece of bread would think nothing it only fun to steal a man. or husband from another woman. There is  was no word for husband in the language. Lying nothing thought of the only thing to be ashamed of was in not being smart enough to hide it or in being found out. drinking & fighting were a common thing The white mans methods of gambling were added to their own old ways. Such a mix up of heathenism and White mens vices with religion was perhaps never known before. And how they did enjoy it. all especially their great annual July camp. for drinking racing and swapping wives up in the beautiful Kamiah Valey. There because it was near to their best Kamas ground the Weipe and at that time July search for kouse & Kamas could be then found not only the Nez Perce would meet there but strangers from neighboring tribes would come hunting these roots.


Now right into such a wild degraded camp as this in July of 69 or 70 came. G. W & two three yackamas from father Wilkes Methodist Mission on the Yackama reserve. And began leaders George W. s preaching to the Nez Perc. The spirit was so manifestly present the camp became a Bochem. still called the place of weeping. No Mr Spaulding there, No White missionary, Just God and their own guilty souls. right there they threw away their bottles, their pipes. the feathers & tails (of animals) and their wives. The wives were not easily thrown away. many councils and much discussion which one to retain & who to cast away. They could have said truly. "Neither is this the work of one day or two. for We are many who have transgressed in this thing. This is the same ground upon which Lewis & Clark camped in the Spring of 1806.

The feathers & tails were -- emblems of their attending spirits and when such an emblem was thrown away it was a confession. I trust you no longer. The tobacco went with the pipes. Many from this camp have entered in to their heavenly inheritance. after more than 30 years I can sit in any of our churches look around upon the older people & count. This man or that woman. was born there (Spiritually born. there) on that ground

Was there such great power in those yackamas? Were they so gifted? Ah no acquaintance in after years with the leading one in after years convinced me that the Lord had used a very feeble instrument to accomplish a great work. The Revrd George Waters had married into the Timothy family. (Nez Perces) came back often to preach among the Nez Perce, Too often, so thought the good presbyterian Agent John Monteith who explained to him. that when the goverment parceled out the reservations. the Nez Perce were given to the presbyterian church to care for. Waters decided to do as Langford was doing, about his claim. bide his time " i e or wait until the reservation would be opened. Then any denomination would have the right to come in. he had to wait about twenty years, but here he came, clothed with the Authority of his conference to open a Methodist Mission among the Nez Perce. he acknowledge to some anxiety on the Subject at   fearing divisions."  for his name had been a house hold word for many, many years. Jonah & family soon soon rallied around the who been a member of our church with his family soon rallied around the Methodist banner. A Church was built at the mouth of the Sweet Water on Jonah’s farm (not paid for yet.) the Yackama minister was a kind gentle man, mingled freely with our church people, but no growth in his church he became discouraged & after a few years returned to his own people. The little church soon after was locked up, is still locked And Jonah is dancing the dance of the Medicine Man now. Kulla. that is all. That great awakening in the Kamiah camp only showed that in the Lords own time & way. he fulfils his promise. "My word shall not return unto Me void" Twas only the quickening of seed planted in the early days of the mission.

Mr S. last days
The work revival begun on that Kamiah camp ground extended through years. In 1871 Mr S. was sent back by the P. Board of Foreign Missions to gather in the sheaves. At the same time Rev Cowly was sent as teacher for Kamiah, he was congregationalist he was a great help to Mr Spaulding in those busy years. And the people still have a good remembrance of him. About this time Gov. built two churches for the people one in Kamiah the other in Lapwai. Mr Spaulding found on his return conditions had changed.St The first 11 years he spent among them he was their missionary, teacher, Agent their all in all. The Agent Mr John Montieth a noble, capable man expected Mr S. to keep to his own deparment. the spiritual affairs. The people would come to Mr S. with all their troubles for his advice. from this grew strained relations between Agent & Missionary. So the presbytery which met at Lapwai in the spring of 73. Advised Mr Spaulding to make his home in Kamiah, he felt as bad to move from L to K. as a later Missionary did to move from K to Lapwai. He went up to K. and began teaching a class there of men for church workers. Whom he used as helpers in his missionary work. Among their own and other tribes. Old as M S. was now. nearly 70 he was much of the time in the saddle. His preaching stations Among the Nez Perce were Apowena Shemenikam Lapwai. Ashotin. North Fork & Kamiah Often he went with his helpers among the spokans where Rev Ells & Walker used to be had been and often among the Umatillas once among the Yackama It seemed to be one continual revival for years. he baptized hundreds of Adults as well as infants & In & the fall of 73 Miss S. L. McBeth arrived at Lapwai as teacher. In those days the Bo. Presbyterian Board had the privilege of nominating teachers for all Schools on Presbyterian reserves. her time overlapped Mr Spauldings by about one year. Mr Spauldings Sickened in Kamiah & was brought down to Lapwai where he died among his people., on Aug. 3. 1874. he is burried not far from the Lapwai church in a locust grove. not far from where his mission house was built in 1837. Aged 70 years eight months & seven day. he rests from his labors & his works do follow him. A peculiar, faithful, strong Man.