Billys statement made today about the four who went to St Lewis in search of the Light.
1st Tip ya lah na Jehnin (Speaking or black Eagle) was Chief. died in
St Lewis. He was Kip ka pel i kin grand father, or pak al is ( I think this is the same
who received and entertained Lewis & Clark in thier return
trip in the Kamiah Vally 1806. they misspelt his name. (Tunnachemooloolt?)
2nd Ka ou pu. Man of the morning or Daylight- One of the two older ones, his mother a Flathead his father a Nez Perce - died in or near St. Louis. St. Charles
3rd Hi Youts tokan (Rabbit skin leggins) of the White bird band - part polouse nez Perce Indian he was Black Eagels brothers son; Yellow Bull is from the same band. he was one of the two young men; he only lived to return. He met the Nez Perce in the Buffalo country Mon[tana]. told all about his visit, and that the promise had been made to send a man with the Book to them. he never came back among his people in Nez Perce land. No one knows where he went (Likely with the whites he loved? them about 100 of them on the buffalo ground that year)
4 Fawis sis sim nin (No horns on his head) or little horns like an old buffalo. He Died on the road home perhaps near the mouth of the Yellow Stone. (a Park) he was about 20 ye[a]r old when he started. his two horses were bought? near Lemhi. he was a doubter of old beliefs
(This going out Billy well remembered. in "31 or "32 Indians gave no dates
then this would be 25 years after L & C. were here. of course the older Men.
especially chiefs remembered them) (a fifth one. Flathead started but soon returned too
old.) I feel quite satisfied that Tip ya lah na Jehnin is one of
chief buried in the catholic cemetry in St. L. in "31. And that he was the Kamiah
Chief who received L & C in May 1806 on their return. he who received with much
ceremony in his long house 150, With the flag sent by L. & C. the year before for he
was not at home when they passed down, they passed without stopping in K. but the next
spring camped for more than a month in or near Kamiah. Could not cross the mountains until
the snow would melt. I think Hi youts tohin was his nephew. I am told the chief name in
Kamiah at that time was. called either Black or Speaking Eagle. Tennach too moolt is
something like the name L & C. used misirable Spelling- and unpronouncable. It seem
quite natural 25 years after L & Cs visit when the Nez Perce were perplexed about how
& what to worship- their eyes and hearts would try to follow the trail of their
trusted friends. beleiving of their troubles were laid before these crowned ones.
(Soyappo) they would know the truth
Kip ka pel i kan lives in Kamiah 60 years old now, is a grand son [illegible] the old chief. Strange talk about [illegible]
Strange that historians have made such careless statements about the delegation that they were Flatheads or a Flat head branch of the Nez P. there is no such branch. I doubt the Kamiah Chief was the leader of this great movement. great in results. but back of this chief was -- the loving Lord who could see the end from the beginning And as He looked Westward down through coming years could say - I have much people there.
Those two younger mem. when they burried the fathers who led them there.
s no doubt felt their mission was a sad failure - In their parting
address in the Fur companies rooms one of them said, I came to you over a trail of many
moons from the setting Sun. I came with one eye partly open, for more light for my people,
who dwell in darkness, made my way to you with strong arms through many enemies, and
strange lands, that I might carry back much to them. I go back with both arms broken and
empty -- The two fathers who came with us, the braves of many winters and wars, We leave
them here asleep beside your great waters and wigwams? My people sent me to get the book
from heaven from the White man. you make my feet heavy with burdens of gifts, but the book
is not among them. When I tell my poor, blind people after one more snow, that I did not
get the book. No word will be spoken. One by one they will arise, go out into Silence. My
people will die in darkness, no book from the white man to make the road plain Kullo?
(that is all).
One who listened to this touching lament, published it in the Pittsburg Advocate, The methodists were stirred up to form a missionary Society or Board to meet this call. In 1834 Jason Lee with his nephew Daniel Lee & laymen Shepherd & Edwards Were sent out to form a mission among the Indians (Nez Perce). Under an escort furnished by Cap. Wyeth they traveled. Cap W. stopped to establish Ft Hall the missionaries pushed on to F. Nez Perce now Walulu And from there in company with Hudson Bay men reached Vancouver where where Dr. McLaughlin one always treating strangers kindly - through his influence the Methodist Mission was started in the Wilamette instead of the Clear Water Valley
In "35 the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions sent out the Rev.
Samuel Parker of Ithica N. Y. And Dr. Marcus Whitman of Rushville N. Y. to explore the
Oregon Country (This whole country from the Bitter Root Mts. to the Sea) was Oregon. with
an to forming missions among the Indians.
At the Green River rende view on the Rocky mountains they met many Indians some Nez
Perce. among them. Halh Lahk hut sole (Lawyer) so named for his shrewdness by Hudson Bay
Co. It was there decided Dr Whitman would take two Nez Perce boys with him, return East.
Asking for men & Means to start a mission among the Nez Perce. The Nez Perce promising
to escort Rev. Parker through the land, this promise they faithfully kept. Parker planned
to meet Whitman and his fellow missionaries at this same rende view at the same time next
year. Parkers letter met them there the next year - carried there by Nez Perce hands but
he himself passed down to view the S. Island 1837 land towards the sea. & There
returned him by way of at that rende view in 183
6 7 the Nez
Perce were in force to guide the promised missionaries home.
Parker & Whitman were men so different in tastes & habits. Parker very particular in all matters of ettiqueth. Whitman a man of "Easy dont care habits, fearless. generous to a fault devoting every energy of mind and body. to the welfare of the Indian. These two men so uncongenial were quite willing to separate when they came to the American rende vew on Green River (in Wyoming) There it was decided that Rev. Parker should go exploring guarded and cared for on the rout by the Indians met there. Nez Perce faith fully these new friends carried out their covenant gave him over to P. C. Pambrum? chief clerk of Hudson Bay co. at Ft Walla Wallas.
At the Green River Rendeview in the R. Mt. 1835 went to P[arker]. & W[hitman].
urging them to come to their people The promise of the man with the Book was not
forg. Many of the Nez Perce there Among them Ish hol koats hoats. Lawyer given the name
Lawyer on account of his shrewdness by Hudson Bay co. Whitman was to return East &
report their reception and that the Nez Perce wanted the Mission established among
themselves Whitman took two boys back with him Ites? he called John. Tuetakas, Richard The
Nez Perces knew the White Head had used all his influence to have the four sent out by
Methodists Settle in the Wilamette Nez Perce like they wanted all the good going Dr
Whitman returned from Rocky Mts in company with the
Hudson Bay Company.
American Fur Co. The Dr made himself so companionable and useful that his wants & the
wants of the two boys with him were kindly met by the Fur companies Agents, he reached NY.
safely reported. to American Board Who decided to estabsh a mission. As had been arranged
by Parker & Whitman before separating in the Rocky Mountains, as soon as the Nez Perce
knew who Parker was they asked them to come home with them to their own people.
Whitmans first return
Feb 20. 1836 As Mr and Mrs Spalding were wending their way over the chrunching snow of Western New York. on their way as missionaries to the Senica Indians. they were over taken by Whitman Who wanted this good couple for mission work in Oregon. Oregon then ment all the Land from montana to the sea. Questioning and answers passed between the two men as they rode along. It may well take the summers of two years. We can. have the convoy of the American Fur company to the divide - there the Nez Perce would meet them & guide them the rest of the way So the conversation went on until they reached the villiage of Howard N. Y. Mrs Spaulding was left to decide the Matter which she did on her knees in an upper chamber in town. What about your health Mr S. asked when she returned her answer I will go. Answered I like the command Just as it stands "Go ye into all the world" without any exceptions for poor health. Mrs was a weakly woman. Intellectually, Spiritually She was well fitted for this undertaking She side by side her husband in Greek and Latin in Lane Theological Seminary in Cincinnatti - When Beachers lectures were so much to that institution.
Whitman was soon after married to Miss Narcissas Prenthof. These two grand young Women
grand in character although were not at all alike. Mrs W of commanding mean. Mrs S. plain
& unassuming the Indians took to Mr S. at once. for one reason she had a quiet heart,
not excitable And So readily picked up their language. At Independance on the Missouri
they were met by W. H. Grey who had been appointed financial Agent for the company.
afterward Oregons Historian. He certainly had his hands ful in
caring for the baggage of that company. they had with them material for blacksmith shop. a
plow seeds of all sorts clothing to last two years. Wagons teams at starting they had
three wagons eight mules 16 cows. two men And those two Indian boys Whitman took home with
them no doubt they were very helpful Other travelers had tried to take wagons through
All had to leave them at some point on the road but Whitman no roads not even
trails much of the way. At Ft Hall the [road] was simply impassable all said Whitmans
wagon must now go the way of the rest. They did not yet know the man He made a cart from
two wheels loaded the other set of wheels and the Swingle tree. brought it through.to Ft
Boise left it there until he would come for it. Little can we now conceive of the
inconveniences, not to say hardships that Journey. with rivers to ford or skin rafts to
make for the crossing Mountains to ascend & descend where a false step would broken
bones or death -- Safely they reached the American rendeview in company with the American
Fur Company. Two days before they reached there they had a fright from Indians. but soon
saw a white cloth tied to a gun And knew they were friends - horses & riders seemed
both alike crazy with hopping, yelling, shooting & whirling around. no wonder
men as well as the two women felt frightened. A rather unpleasant way of expressing their
Joy that the Missionaries had indeed come! They expected to meet Parker there according to
agreement he was not there but a letter from him carried there by Nez Perce
(Lawyer) met them. The Indians you may sure cast some keen looks at the two white women.
Then presented them with some fresh venison In return for this compliment Takensuetis
Samuel & Ish hol hol hoats Hoots (Lawyer) were invited to supper with their white
friends. Although the 20 " July 1836. the air must have been cool & pure for from
that divide in Rocky Mts Waters run from it into the Missuri Columbia
Colorado & Columbia rivers. With the venison the Indians presented also a piece of
boiled & roast buffalo meat. roasted on a stick. with more sand than salt upon it
Lawyer would not be the father of his sons if he did not try to make a good impression
upon his white friends there. Mrs Lawyer was with her husband on that trip And took great
delight in telling me about it, when she was a very old woman. Mrs Spaulding was so
kind, So gentle, so altogether good. in the Nez Perce eyes. Mrs Lawyer said Why she could
talk quite well with us before we reached our own land. This Mrs S. was a cousin of Dr
Ellenwood Sec. of Foreign Board. The short letter from Mr Parker Said he had been treated
kindly by the Indians. & showed he was favorable to starting missions. Among the
Cayuse & Nez P. He Went on down to Vancouver & from there visited the Methodist
Mission, conducted by the Lees Uncle & Nephew. Shepherd & Edwards It was not
strictly for Indians many Canadian half bloods there Mr Parker returned home by the way of
the Sandwich Islands. Those Islands which seem far away to us now was for some
reason easily reached then. Perhaps because there was much travel then by way of Cape horn
& the H. B Co. furs were often taken that way. Mr P. did a good work for the church
that then knew so little about the needs of Oregon. The Nez Perce kept
close by their missionary from the Rocky Mountains to the Columbia All following the
Hudson Bay Cos traders It was in there H. Whit made the cart & finally had to
leave that for a time at Ft Boise.
On 2nd day of Sep. 1836 they reached Ft Walla Walla Walla on the Columbia. A little over four months after leaving the Missouri. According to their estimate they had traveled 2250 miles They were kindly received at the Ft. by Mr. P. C. Pambrum. Hudson Bays Agent at that point. The tired ladies were helped from their horses And everything possible done for the comfort of all. Cattle & horses were cared for as well. They rested but a few days there, then in company with Pambrum start off in boats for Vancouver. The hardships of the water way equaled for a time the mountain roads. So many falls. so many portages to make. but Vancouver was head quarters. all strangers felt like paying their compliments to the kind gentlemen Old White head Dr. John McLaughlin Word had gone on of the coming of the strangers So he with a friend Dr McL stood at the landing waving a welcome gallantly offering his arm to Mrs W. to lead her up the beach to his home followed by his friend with Mrs Spaulding. reaching there 12 Sep 1836. The subject discussed there was where were they going to locate.
Pambrum from the upper country constantly reminding them of the Cayuse & Nez Perce
Whitman Everything that could be done was done for the visiters in
that then magnificent log house. It took the ladies some time to understand domestic
arrangements there but when they did they tried to have those two wives and their children
take their places assert their rights at the ladies
table. Mr Spaulding, Whitman And Grey left the ladies in their comfortable quarters, and
started up the river in search of a locations. Mr Grey was in favor of
stopping at the Dalles. because the Indians delighted to gather at the Salmon fisheries.
but the Lord knew where He wanted them to pitch their tents. At Walulu Walla
found their Nez Perce friends waiting for them to guide them home. They were soon on their
Cayuse ponies with one for pack horse, and went into camp in the forks of the Walla Walla
mouth & Mill Creek. A few - Cayuse Indians shily watching their movements.
can we not See the four. W. S. G. & Pambrum around the camp fire discussing the
of or advantages of that very site.for a mission for for several days they explored the
adjacent country returning to the same camp at night. A stake was put down to mark the
spot. This done they returned brought the tent, horses, mission goods and began at once to
put up a house, the Indians helping all they could in the work. This was the beginning of
the Mission House at Wi e lat Among the Cayuse In a few days Whitman
started with Mr S. & Grey. and the Nez Perce up to the Clear Water Country. on they
traveled about 125 miles to Clear Water Selecting a spot about two miles up
theLapwai Creek and 12 miles from Lewiston, there they found good springs. Always a matter
of first importance with Indians of cource the Indians knew Just the best place for their
missionary. Nature has not lost any of the charms of the place some of the old apple trees
which Mr S. planted are still there. As the traveler now descends thunder hill and looks
at the comfortable home of James Grant, he would say if he knew the story. No wonder that
was the place chosen to pitch the buffalo tent in 1836. Mr W. returned to work at his own
home in mill creek Mr S. went on down to Vancouver for the ladies. by the middle of Nov.
Mrs Whitmans good voice was praising God in her home. the first family Alter in all this
great west! Mr & Mrs S. with Mr Grey reached Lapwai about 1st
(Nov 29 ) of Dec. 1836, Mrs Spaulding in a letter soon after her arrival in Lapwai to her
parents calls it This "dear spot" & says We are located among a people with
whom We will be happy to spend our days.
Only three weeks & three days. they lived in the buffalo tent. by that time Mr
Spaulding. Grey with the help of the Indians had built a log house 42 x 18 feet. It took
12 Indians to carry one log from the river two miles away.
receiving 6 inches of trail rope tobacco. the currency of the country. none but wild Nez
Perce use tobacco now. 18 feet of one end of that building was used by the
family. the rest as school room. Indian room an place of worship. Poor Mrs S. what a time
she must have had to keep the people out at meal time of her end of house! Well she
was a gentle, patient Woman. She soon had her school going. no trouble to get pupils near.
for at that date the people were not living scattered in families but in bands, in long
tents. as one of them, said Something like the cattle. was a remark of one who knew. &
if they felt disposed the entire community or tribe could easily pick up and pitch tents
near their teacher. And once the writing and reading were started the progress would be
fast, for ambition to excell each other is one of the leading traits in the Nez Perce
character. The printing of by hand the lessons was very attractive to them. Men, Women
& children. I have seen some of it which would do credit to a present day pupil. Mrs
S. could draw some and often made use of this art in her teaching bible truth. the Nez P
believe in pictures. One of Miss McBeth pupils Enock said in a dispute It is
so. I saw the picture of it. - That settled the matter. Mrs S. not only taught books but
domestic Arts as well. she taught her girls to knit & sew if She taught them how to
weave they did not keep that up. Some of the old women whom I have know could read a
little. mr S. helped in the teaching all studied aloud, or followed their teacher in the
pronunciation, an annoying habit to a present day teacher.
Mr S. was a man of Affairs; No Agent then No Ft. No any thing or body but the Missionaries. Mr S. was a faithful, earnest, strong man but for all that Mrs Spaulding had the warmest place in the peoples hearts Mr S. tried hard to teach the people to cultivate the ground One day it was about the potato while they were in the house at the foot of the hill. He explained how to plant & how it then paired? one raw cut it in pieces handing Billy a piece on the point of his pocket knife Billy tasted it And pronounced it toots. (good) Billys potatoes and garden the next year was the talk of the tribe. causing the young woman (maiden) who had rejected him as a suiter to reconsider & take him for a husband. So
1st They live about a year in their first house. Beautiful as the
spot at the spring was or As we would now say At the foot of thunder hill. Big Thunder a
chief is buried on the top of the hill. The "sent ones" (Missionaries) through a
better place for the mission would be down on the banks of the Koos Koos ki or Clear Water
river. So a more commodious log house was built there near to the mouth of the Lapwai. The
largest room was the S. room, reception, room. the place of gathering. This ground was, still
is a favorite? camping ground place. There the long tent was pitched perhaps. 150
long like the one Lewis & Clark saw in Kamiah. Mr S. enclosed 15 acres of ground to
cultivate not only for self support but for an object lesson. in agriculture for he
S. felt he was as much a missionary when planting or hoeing his corn &
potatoes as when translating the book of Matthew into the native tongue. he was right these
There he planted his orchard of apple trees and there
today after nearly 70 years the little narled apple trees stand. the gavel now used by the
stated clerk of the Walla Walla Presbytery was made from the root of one of these same
trees, planted by Mr Spauldings hands.
The old house was torn down only two years ago. after serving several years as a
stable. Jim Moses the present owner of the land on which it was built could not understand
Why the Soy appo. Whites were coming sighting round his stable so often, knocking off bits
of stone from the old outside chimney and going off as if they had found a precious thing
Many years before it became a stable it was used by a deaf Indian Mr. D went to the back
room, his home, one day no answer to
my his head was standing in front a small glass which hung upon the
wall (his back to (him) patiently pulling out evry hair from his chin with a small pair of
tweezers! Oh now he saw why the Nez Perce had no beards. Just what I had been
told. A few of them now wear mustache.
It is not hard for Me to see three of the four of Mr & Mrs Ss children
playing around the old home. Eliza may have carried Amelia Lovingly on her back, tied on
there in her Mothers Shawl. While Martha Jane trotted along at her side with her Indian
doll in a tecash? (baby board) which she passed over her head, the strap in
back fixed so the tecash was worn high up on the back or shoulders. The
playing Mother of the little girls in the long house near to the Mission House was Just as
fashionable then as it today, other customs may change but with heathen or christian the
love for the children is remains strong and tender.
Henry Hart no doubt practiced shooting at a mark with his flint arrow heads. failing to
shoot a bird upon the wing as his little red friends could easily do. he
would turn his attention to the Magpies. plenty of them stepping around. Then all together
they would trip down along the shore and in the deep white sand hunt arrow heads. An then
the river with the beautiful stones so clearly seen on the bottow was to the Indian
children no more to be dreaded than the land. but the Spaulding children after the
drowning of the only child of Dr. Whitman had many charges about the danger of going in.
they would look with great admiration upon the wise Nez Perce children as they capered
around in the water, dived down or swam across. with the skin dress rolled up and carried
over on the heads of the swimmer or if they (Indian) Jumped in mockasins & all. What
did that matter they obeyed the impluse. Mother would neither whip or scold. She would
only say Esta Esta. notu tots. (My darling that is not good) and patiently scrape more
skins for clothes or shoes. The happy unfettered chidhood of Indian children! but in after
years. the Selfish, willful tempered ways of Men & Women is shows the
results of such training or want of training. How many shady spots the children found
under the cotton Woods or bushes on the banks of the Lapwai Mr Spauldings body now rests
under a clump of locust trees near to where the long house stood, and to the play ground
of the children rests until he with his spiritual children will together rise to Meet
their glorified Lord. The first Mrs S. is burried in the Wilamette. Valley. So there for
eleven years Mr & Mrs Spaulding patiently worked with little to little
in the first years to encourage them. Three years had passed before the two first converts
Joseph. Tihakas?. & Timothy Fa mut sin?. finished their minds to enter the new way.
four years elapsed more befor any more others confessed
their love for Christ. the School went on, at times, nearly two hundred And then but few.
The people men & women anxious to learn. Spurred on to the work by their natural
ambition to excell each other. It matter little to them now if A white person has a
well furnished house but let one of their own people advance in these things then that is
enough to make others move.
There at Lapwai a little Saw mill & grist mill was started. In this and all other
work Mr S. was ably
helped assisted by Mr Grey? & Mr Con
who accompanied Mr & Mrs S. from the East afterward Oregons Historian. afterwards also
Mr Cornelius Rodgers. What an improvement the grist mill was the women thought over the
old stone morter in which they pounded the kouse to flour for bread. To the poor women it
had been pound. pound never ending monotonous sound Lewis & Clark - said the pounding
in the Kamiah camp reminded them of a nail factory. The Wisdom of the soy appo Whites was
the talk. one of the old mill stones lay for years near the old grinding place in Lapwai.
then Henry H. Spaulding Mr Ss son took it away intending to place it in the
with Idaho exhibit at the Worlds Fair Chicago; Mr S. had more of change than Mrs S. he had
his preaching points Allapowa She me ni kam? (Lewiston, Lapwai Askiway & Kamiah. Mr
S. he oftener at times went to visit their nearest white neighbor. Dr
Whitman 120 miles away. Often leaving Mrs S. alone with the people, then more numerous
than now. Somewhere about 8000 then. The only time once
one of them said an insulting word to Mrs S. he came near losing his life for it. so
indignant were the people about it. Mrs S. pled for him the people have not forgotten it
yet .on asking several years ago who a certain woman was, the answer was she is the
daughter of that man who insulted Mrs. S. If Mrs had not loved her work. & felt His
presence as she plodded at her daily tasks What of cooking sewing &
teaching, What a burden life would have been to her. No Mail carrier to look for no
few books to read. one day that must to have been in 1839 when as the sun was going down
over the Lapwai hills a train of tired Cayuse stopped in front of the Mission house
bearing the present of a Printing Press! from the Native Church of Honalula, Sandwich
Islands! Both Missions there & here were under the Same Board A B. F Ms And a Mr E. O.
Hall and wife along with it, to show them how to use it. What a forward impulse was given
to the School room work. When a little elementary primmer of 20 pages was passed around
among the Mission pupils! of cource they studied louder than ever then
for old Men & women as well as the children were expected to commit the lessons given
them to print. now here was the printing. ready made. Then came the little book The young
childs catechism, Just as we have it now! only it was in the Nez P language for them. What
a prize I find occasionally one of these, of early date carefuly rolled up ready to fall
to pieces from very age. Then After Gov. Dr White visited them giving
them a code of laws for their own govrment? they were printed on this press, and studied
in school as a lesson. Mr S. wrote them The Bible and the laws meaning
those given by Dr white are all they care. for Much the same now. the bible is the book of
books to them. Many hymns were translated and printed on the little press. they sing many
of these old hymns yet. Mr S. showed his good Judgement in the hymns he chose to
translate. Old hymns with the pith of the Gospel in them. Such as God loved the World of
Sinners lost, Come Holy Spirit.
That little printing press did good work here, then, After the Whitman massacre and the Mission was broken up, it reached Salen Oregon where the Second Newspaper of the County was put out called The Oregon American Evangelican Unionist!
The 1st Presbyterian church of in the oregon Territory was organized
on the 18" day of Aug 1838 by the missionaries of the American Board of Commissioners
for Fo[r]eign Missions at Wai lal poo the name of Dr Whitman Slation [station] among the
Cayuse Indians or in other words in Dr Whitmans house. which was siluated [situated] on
the banks of the Walla Walla River near the mouth of Mill creek. This point distant from
the ["now" superscripted] City of Walla Walla about seven (7) miles. The Charter
Members were 7 seven
1st Rev Henry Harmon Spaulding a Presbyterian Minister from the Presbytery of Bath N. York (miss.
2nd Mrs Eliza Spaulding also a missionary
3d Dr Marcus Whitman, a presbyterian elder from Wheeler, Stuben? co. N. Y. Missionary
4 Mis Narcissus Whitman Missionary
5. Joseph Maki
6 Mrs Maria Keana? Maki both natives of the Sandwich Iland (presented certificate for Honolulu?
7. Charles Compo from Canada had been a Catholic
Mr Spaulding was elected paster of this church in the Wilderness. And Dr Marcus Whitman
Elder. "Resolved that this church be governed on the congregational plan." but
attached to the Bath Presbytery N. Y.!" The wonder to me is, that the Nez Perce are
not now either Methodists or congregationalists from the mixed up state of things in early
days. (Survival of the fittest) I presume A strange little company that was gathered from
the ends of the earth to set up the banner of the Lord in such a lonely spot! The meeting
was held in the home of the Dr. W perhaps in Mrs Whitmans School room. Was it full
and the women with the little ones down on the floor the mothers every once in a while
giving the baby board (cradle) a little shake to keep
it the little one
from fretting as it stood in its case so straight? Who else were there? I can
see the record of only one White spectator: A catholic Pambrun from Ft Walla Walla, who
charged Campo to think well before he left the mother church.
Two years had nearly passed, Since Mr Spaulding, Dr Whitman and their faithful wives began sowing the Gospel Seed in the fallow ground around them. Not one convert from either the Nez Perce or Cayuse tribes yet. to show the Lord was blessing their work. but for all that, they did not doubt the promise "My Word? shall not return unto Me void He will fulfill all in his own time and way.
Aug. 19. 1838 the day after the organization the Lords supper was celebrated. The
Master Himself was there. how their hearts burned within them as he drew them closer to
Himself than they had ever before.
To those poor ignorant Indians Men
& Women who was watching evry movement with intense curiosity The bread & the wine
What did that mean? And why was it not given to them as well? And then the baptism
of that little 18 month old John Compo! Well I know evry Mothers heart longed for the same
to be done to her child or children. if it would shield them in after life from harm. of
course she thought it was some kind of a charm connected with the wa yah kin (Attending
Spirit) - What a strange looking company filled that room! leggins, moccasins. an aprons
and the cover all blanket a skin of some animal would be the dress of the men, shells in
their ears hatless but their heavy braids. falling in front the women with their skin
slips on fringed with the same around the bottom, few ornaments for themslf but the baby
boards how they were covered with beads & shells and dangles, The consecrated leaders
or Missionaries had no eyes for these queer things, but were thinking and hoping for the
time when the Spirit would adorn the dark skined children of the forest with the meek
& quiet plow up the soil and give life to the seed. We love to look back through the
years (some of them dark ones into that room And trace
the blessings which have come to this whole country from the doings of that day! And still
there is more to follow)
What a visit that must have been to Mrs Spaulding who had not seen the face of a white
woman for nearly two years! And how those two dear friends Mrs W And Mrs S. Who had
traveled for months together would talk as they worked for sure I am Mrs S. did not
sit with folded hands in that busy home at Wia lat poo. they strengthened each others
hearts as they worked by telling over Gods care for them and His presence with them in
their homes and work. Their discouragements were many but back of them His promises. But
the morning came when they must separate. the cayuse ponies were led up to the house with
their platted horse hair bridles tied under their Jaw, and the woden saddles adjusted
while the pack ponies were piled high with provision and tent for the Journey of 120
miles. many little packages of seeds and roots in the bundles. to try in the Nez Perce
country so isolated that they only occasionally saw a trapper or trader, While the
Whitmans Saw about all the travel of the country. going by way of Ft Walla Walla, to head
quarters at Vancouver. Mrs W. would have her little presents packed in to - With a . Oh
yes! you must take them for I am so much nearer to the store than you! Little Eliza in her
would stand watching all the prd
preparations for starting, wondering not old enough yet to be tied why
she could not ride a little pony if she were tied into the woden
sadle as her little Nez Perce friends. These two white Women talked of the expected
Missionaries Mrs Grey was looked for any time now, with her husband at the Nez Perce
Mission Mrs W. would have others with her for a time at least. So they stood talking while
the men made all secure on the ponies. they planned a visit to the clear Water home. God
kindly veils our eyes so that we can see but a few steps before us at most. All was ready
it would be like Mrs Spaulding to say, come let us go into the house and spend a few
mintues in prayer together before we separate. then there would be another meeting of the
newly formed church, for of course the French Canadian Compo with his Nez Perce wife and
the Sandwich Islander with his wife Mission workers were all there to see the friends
start off. There on their knees in that ["now" superscripted] sacred spot they
consecrated themselves anew to the Master. Asking blessings - upon each other. While We
are absent one from the other." And if the lips did
hymn they sung was not utter "God be with you until We meet again it was the song of
How much Mr & Mrs S. found to talk about. Meeting at times the smiling faces of
their own Nez Perce on the way to hunt on the blue mountains they were tired of the heat
& dust of the Lapwai Valley and their bit of grain and garden stuff was stored in the
Wekash So they had light hearts on their Journey It was indeed a pleasant road rather
trail for the four or six horse teams With a trail nag? on behind had not yet cut up the
way as now, compelling the traveler feel his way along in a cloud of dust. The fording
places were not dangerous rivers so low. As they compared the two tribes Cayuse & Nez
Perces they would say Our lines have falen to us in pleasant places We have a goodly
heritage. So on they went to find a deserted villiage for if the Nez Perce had not gone
one way they had another. Most of them over the Bitter Root mountains into the Buffalo
Country. might be back when the snow flew might not be back for years fine travelers the
Nez Perce then. any where was home where they could pitch a tent and find enough fish,
game & roots in those days it was a feast or famine eat while they had any thing to
eat then be for days without any thing. The eating regularly, three times a day came in as
a part of the gospel ["by?" superscripted] When they had meat they eat meat.
they do not object to variety now.
Mr and Mrs Had plenty to do to provide for the coming winter and the incoming Missionaries to their Mission Mr Grey was expected soon with his young wife - how could they with no regular mails and So many hinderances to be met in their way of traveling then. But before a full month had passed after the organization at Waiye lat poo the names of nine new missionaries were added to the roll of the new church Sep 2. 1838
Mr Wm Grey who had been with Mr S. at Clear Water Mission arrived With his wife Presbyterian Mr Cornelius Rodgers. Presbyterian commissioned as helpers at Nez Perce Miss[ion]
Rev. A. B. Smith and wife for Nez Perce Mission (congregationalists)
Rev. Elkana Walker with his Wife Mary R. (congregationalists)
Rev. Cushing Ells. with his wife Myra. F. Congregationalists
Rev. Walker & Ells with their wives did not remain long at Wai ye latpoo. They
opened a mission station among the Spokanes in the spring of 39. At Thsimakain Six miles
north of the Spokane River. And faithfully planted the gospel seed for nine years or until
after the Whitman Massacre. When they left not a convert? to christianity The seed was
only burned not lost the quickening time came
As to to the Spokanes as to
the Nez Perce long after the missionaries had left them.
Mr Grey (Afterwards Oregons Historian And Mr Rodgers put new life into the mission on
the banks of the clear Water fifty years afterwrd at the time of the Sema Centinial [Semi
Centennial] in the Lapwai church. The old people had Much to tell about the doings of
those days. Some of the old women claimed to have helped to build the mill. I dont
doubt it they would be more efficient workers than the men in those days when the men
considered the hunting And the fishing their part of providing for the family. How well
the old people remembered Mr Grey & Rodgers, Grist mill saw mill & Printing press
at L. lively. the Rev. A. B. Smith & wife remained a time at Waiyalatpoo in 1839. they
opened a mission station in the beautiful Kamiah Valley 60 miles above Lapwai an isolated
place indeed. Ellis a young Nez Perce lately returned from the Red River Settlement School
was chief in K at the time Mr Smith began work there. Lawyer was a young ambitious man in
community of many chiefs. When Mr S talked to the people in the fall of 39 they told him
he might put up a house but should not enclose or plow any land. A Jealousy between Lawyer
& Ellis & strained relations between Mr S &
the some of the
missionaries made an unhappy winter for these lonely missionaries Indians often crowding
in on them demanding food. Mrs S. a delicate woman. whom the Indians called the Weeping
one. no doubt she had cause for tears. When spring came Mr S. got the
began plowing a pieces of ground With James Hines now our oldest minister guideing
riding one of the unwise ponies to guide the plow. At once the people appeared &
forbade an other furrow to be made & told Mr S. to go go. he told them he would as
soon as he could find a way to go. he made a boat or canoe. & came down the swolen C.
river. So dangerous at that time of the year an Indian would hesitate to try it. but very
glad they were to get down & out. Mr & Mrs S. went on to the Sandwich Island after
Spending a time at Wealatpoo. At length reached their far eastern home. The Mission here
was a failure so far as we can See. The Lord may look upon it differently He must have
been a man of Good Spirit for more than twenty years afterward he wrote enquiring in the
kindest manner after some of the leaders of the trouble in K. Heads bowed & shame
covered their faces at mention of his name. Some said Lawyer was the cause of the trouble
others said Ellis.
Ellis was one of Several boys who had been sent by Hudson Bay Co. to the Red River
Settlement Canada. five boys. Fa na to na a Cayuse. Thomas Gearys father a Spokane I
do not know who the others were. think Nez Perce who soon after died Ellis was said to be
overbearing, not surprising With his limited education among his ignorant people. he was
honored much by the Whites. When Dr White Sub Agent of Us. S. made a visit to the Nez
Perce in 1842 at a great council at Lapwai at which 22 chiefs were present. Ellis was
chosen head chief. The first formal election of chiefs. At that council were Five Crows.
Blood Chief Who was 90 years old. had seen Lewis & Clark. He really nominated Ellis
for chief in an indirect way by saying We sent three of our sons to the Red River School.
two of them sleep with their fathers one is here today. I am tired can say no more. Dr
White told them that if they elected a chief Unanimously by the following day at ten. We
would all dine together with the chief on a fat ox. at 3 P. M. Much talking to their white
friends McKinley & Roders before they understood Just what to do. Elles was
elected. the feast was fully enjoyed the after dinner songs. also. then the the pipe
passed around I presume Mr Spaulding passed it to the next one without a puff himself.
Then all was over Dr White complemented the Nez Perce for not once bothering him
with begging while on this visit, different from all other tribes whom he knew.
Then in the name of his Chief the President he presented 50 hoes to Mr S. & the chief
to be given to the worthy poor. The laws framed for the government of the Nez Perce were
then read & adopted Dr White & friends mounted their ponies turned their heads
homeward Mr S. & Chiefs accompanying them 4 or 5 miles The old people say Ellis told
them much about God & that they see now his teaching was right. but run so against
their practices they rejected it. he became more more unpopular with his people
& got after him as I have known them to do Since, like hornets from a disturbed nest.
And stung him to death. He left them to follow their own hearts & took refuge over in
the Buffalo Country Montana. died there of small pox. I think in 57. If it can be they
look back on their treatment of their own Nez Perce Ellis with more shame than at
remembrance of Mr Smith, Ellis daughter
is lives? Mrs Jehoshaphat? is
living in the Meadow creek congregation not yet 60 years old.
The Laws given by Dr White & studied in S[chool]
Laws of the Nez Perces
Article 1st Whoever willfully takes life shall be hung.
2n Whoever burns a dwelling shall be hung.
3d Whoever burns an outdwelling-house shall be imprisoned six months, receive fifty lashes. & pay all damages.
4 Whoever carelessly burns a house, or any property, shall pay damages.
5 If any one enters a dwelling, without permission of the occupant, the chief punish him as he think proper. Public rooms accepted.
6th If any steals he shall pay back twofold, And if it be the value of a beaver skin or less, he shall
pay for the receive twenty five lashes; and if the
[?] is over a beaver skin he shall pay back two fold; and receive fifty lashes.
7" If any one take a horse and ride it, without permission, or take any article and use it, without liberty, he shall pay for the use of it, And receive from 20 to 50 lashes. As the chief shall direct
8." If any one enter a field, and injure crops, or throw down the fence, so that cattle or horses go in [page 56] and do damage, he shall [?] all damages, and receive twenty five lashes. for evry offence.
9" Those only may keep dogs who travel or live among the game; If a dog kill a lamb, calf or any domestic animal, the owner shall pay the damages and kill the dog.
10" If an Indian raise a gun or other weapon against a white man, it shall be reported to the chiefs, and they shall punish it. If a white do the same to an Indian, it shall be reported to Dr White, and he shall punish or redress it.
11" If an Indian break these laws he shall be punished by his chiefs. If a White man break them, he shall be reported to the Agent, and punished at his instance. The moral law for the Nez Perce at that time.
That little field which M S fenced at Lapwai 15 acres. was known as Mr S land no
trouble at the time with the people about it, but oh the trouble the anxiety We have had
about it since. After the Whtiman Massacre 1847. all Missions among the Indians were
abandoned. Presbyterian & congregational Missionaries up to this date had been working
under the Same B. A. B. C. F M. i e now congregational Board. indeed the most of the early
this Oregon were congregationalists. Dr Whitman,
Rev. Cushing Ells, Rev. E. E. Walker, & S B. Smith Mr Spaulding & Mr Grey was blue
The A. B. C F M. gave
Mr Ells Agent had been
lived among the Spokanes Indians Authority to Sell Mrs? Spaulding claim
at the mouth of the Lapwai. Which he did to Judge Langford of Walla Walla, The Indians
knew little about this untill after Mr S. death in 74, How surprised and indignant they
were to know Langford claimed for Mr S. all the land granted by Origin to any of its
sittlers 640 acres! he L. saying where it should be. From the mouth of the Lapwai on up
the creek from foot hill on either side until the 640 acres were included! Taking out
between three & four miles of the beautiful valley or all the Agency buildings the
beloved church & the little homes and fields of about twenty Nez Perce families The
first attempt of Judge L. to take this land failed because there was a good strong agent
then in the Office at Lapwai Mr John Monteith. Who called the soldiers down from the
Ft to hold the Gov buildings from that time the claim was not pressed until the Allotter
Miss Fletcher came on to give the Nez Perce their land inseverality. An injunction was
served upon her. Do not touch My land. the Lang[ford] claim. The allotment finished
it was not long until the Commissioners appeared to buy the surplus or unallotted land.
The first question from the Ind that met them was What are you going to do with the
Langford claim? And after a whole week counciling it was still the question. No treaty was
entered into until the Commissioners promised to try & get W-ash to buy that claim
& give back the little homes to the people living on it. $20,000 was paid by Gov. to
the Langford heirs. The church site of 3- Acres surveyed & made over to the Trustees. And
peace? reighned And We were ashaimed of the many times. something that We had feared there
would be blood shed. over this in the nearly twenty years that this claim
had hung as a dark cloud over us. For this was not a matter simply of the families who
would have been put out of their homes. but the changing the place of Worship with all its
sacred memories. All the christian Nez Perce were touched when it came to this spot.
Cayuse, Whitman Massacre
Dr Whitman after spending one year in the east & on his Journey returned to
Wailatpoo Oct. 1843 bringing 875 Settlers for
2000 horses Oregon. their
111 wagons 2000 cattle and horses equipments made an imposing train to the Indian eyes.
The Dr found things in a bad condition the Grist mill burnt. All about his. the Mission
home neglected, Mrs Whitman because of unkind treatment from the Indians had taken
refuge in the Methodist Mission at the Dalles. The Indians many of them sullen and with
different faces toward him. They doubtless heard much at the Hudson Bay traders post. near
them. It W-alla Walla. As to the object of his visit to the east. Indians are shrewd
readers of faces. they understood quite well what was going on. For the King George men
were Just as anxious to take Oregon for their King as Whitman was to have the Americans.
Bostin Men take it for America. it all ment to the Natives nothing less than the Whites
are going to take our land & make us slaves. They had councils & Councils but what
could they do to prevent it. As the years rolled on more emegrants came all who stopped at
the Whitman station were kindly treated and helped on their Journey further on. Other
influences were at work. so that altogether. caused the base hearts at Wai latpoo there
were to sink within them. Not only Wealatpoo was troubled but all the
Missions especially the Nez Perce mission The people were different there was then much
intercourse? between the two Nez P & C" tribes - The school not so well attended
many of the Nez Perce got tired of Working like women they became insolent to Mr Spaulding
the Mr Spaulding & Dr Whitman met & talked & prayed over these things as often
as they could. but they were 120 miles apart & could not trust letters to go between
often. Mr & Mrs Grey And Mr Rodgers had left the Mission The Kamiah Station was
deserted. Mr Spaulding had at different times helpers in his School for since the Eliza
Henry Hart & Martha Jane had Amelia Lorinda come to the Spaulding home Mrs Spaulding
could not teach as at first through it all. the spirit had not left the Nez P. Mission
here & there He was touching hearts: But the clouds grew darker & darker. Many
were sick & crying among the Cayuse measles brought in by the emegrants were there as
with all native very fatal. The treacherous J__ve? Lewis a french half breed catholic an
employe at the Whitman station. told he had heard the plot talked over between Mr S. &
Whitman to kill the Natives & take the land Whitman advised quick Work Mr S. Said do
it gradually. Dr Whitman & 14 others were Massacred by the Cayuse Indians. Doubtless
these Sainted ones know why the Lord permitted such fearful work to go on We will know
sometime also. Mr Spaulding knew something of the sickness and many deaths at Waiylatpoo.
And must go and comfort & help his friends. he was not far from Wailatpoo ["3 or
4 miles" superscripted] when he was met by an Indian ["Catholic
priest" superscripted] who told him of the massacre he did not
turn at once for his [he] was suspicious of the man.at the time of
Massacr he was at Umatilla 40 miles from Wailat soon turned his pony head homeward and
fled. for his life for it was part of the plan to destroy the Nez Perce Mission also. Mr
Spauldings horse got away from him he compelled to walk was on the road Six days.
traveling at night hiding in daytime A Mr Canfield fled from Wailatpoo came to Mrs
Sauldings told her all but advised her not to speak of it to the Nez Perce She trusted the
christian Indians And told them. they all thought Mr S was killed It was sabbath morning
that she stood in her door talking with Jacob, Eagle & some others. they advised her
to go with them to their camp they could take better care of her & the children there.
her answer was I will not flee on the sabbath day the Lord can take care of Me here. a
little council around the corner of the house then returned to her with If you will keep
the Sabbath We will keep your? This is the last picture We have of this brave woman as she
stands framed in that cabin door. No wonder the Nez Perce have been a sabbath keeping
people with such an illustration of sabbath keeping as this. She left her house Monday
morning it was pillaged by Wild Nez P. & doubtless would have shared Mrs Whitmans fate
if she had been found alone there. Mr S. got back in a worn out condition but happy his
family were alive. he did not know yet whether his little girl Eliza. 10 years old was
living or not. she was in the Whitman home at the time of the Massacre. she was not
killed. Soon after this. the Cayuse war began. all the mission were broken up Mr S. wife
& family were guarded to F Wal Wall at Walula. by 40 nez Perce Settled in the
Walamette Vally where Mrs S. died in 1851. Hers is a most honered name among the Nez Perce
today. After the Cayuse War all that was left of the once powerful Cayuse was with the
Walla Wallas put in on the Umatilla reserve. they are much inter
Where they have lost there identity as lost their langua a tribe. lost
their language (Nez Perce language is the language spoke on that reserve). Many have
intermarried with the Nez Perce - but there is no boasting here of their blood. They have
heard too often that is the tribe that killed Whitman, They rejected the message killed
the Messenger And are now Scattered & [illegible]
The Indian part of 1st church of Oregon
We have already spoken about the organization of the first church of Oregon at Waiyelatpoo. on 18 Aug. 1838 Seven charter members. Whites in Sep of Same year the number of members was increased by nine new names. being added to the roll. in all 16. These persons were all missionaries or helpers in the Mission with perhaps the exception of Compo. during the time from this organization until the breaking up of the mission in 47 We find the names of a few more Whites enrolled. Let us now look at the rank & file or the lay members of the church. the Indians
Joseph Tuetakas Nez P. chief
Timothy Fa mut sin? ["__? 85" inserted] these were the first Nez Perces to confess their faith in Christ. Just three years after Mr & Mrs S. came among them. May 14, 1843. Lyman a slave of Snake Oregon who had been taken captive by the Nez Perce in some one of the many skimishes with that tribe. Lois his wife Joined the church with him. Levi brother of Timothy. Luke & his wife Eunice, Hesekiah Cayuse two winters in Mr S. school, Aseneth wife of Joseph, Former wife of Timothy, Olive wife of Oliver? in all nine persons. of the first two who professed christ Joseph turned back to Egypt. but Timothy was faithful unto the end faithful not only to God but to his white friends. He it was who. a short time after the Yackamo war. while Colonel Steptoe was over in the Polouse Country entrapped While the natives were having a good time over it. dancing a war dance the night was dark. but Timothy and his brothers knew of an unguarded place in the rocks, quietly guided Steptoe and his band through it & went with them 90 miles to a place of safety among his own people, who cared for the wounded & crossed the command over the dangerous river. Timothy kind, old face now comes before me as I
saw it last in 1881.
On 14 May 14, 1843 We find enrolled
June 23, 1844 The following John Kosut persons were added on profession of their faith
Ruth a very old woman. [illegible] David & wife Rhoda, Jude & wife Matilda. Titus & Levi Bartholemew Ten in all which added to the eleven (11) already on the roll makes 22. Mr Spaulding & his Elder Dr Whitman spent three days examining these candidates for membership. Before the breaking up of the
mission quite a number of whies had withdrawn from the church Mission
& left for other points taking their certificates from this church leavin ghe most of
the Indians as the body of the church. Mr Spaulding during the 11 years he spent
among the Nez Perce before the breaking up of the mission made no elders organized no
churches among them. He had ordained Deacons as helpers.
To look a these few Indian names on the roll of the first church of Oregon seems to be a scant return for the 11 years of faithful seed sowing of these early missionaries. In 1855 an estimate was made of results showing that in three lodges numbering 45 persons among the Cayuse and about one third of the Nez Perce 1000 had kept up regular worship morning & evening and public worship as were singing the Nez Perce Hymns and reading the Nez P Mathew which Mr S had furnished them with before he left eight years before. No No the seed was not lost but Oh how deep it did get burried under old heathenism & the white mans vices before the quickening came.
Mr S. married a second time while in the Willamette Valley. Although his home was there his heart was among the Nez Perce. Pulic worship was kept up among the NEz Perce by a few of their leading men and family worship morning and evening in many of he lodges. they held tenaciously to the forms of Worship he tuahgt htelm. he returned to Nez Perce land in the fall of 62. under government appointment as superintendant of Education. This office was abolished in 1865 Mr S during the three years he was with them led again their worship. One of the preaching was where the town of Lewiston now stands.
From the time Mr S. left in 1847 until his return in 1861. 24 years. little had been
done for the spiritual improvemt of the Indians. In that time two treaties had been made
the first one in 1855 with Gov. I stephens acting for the Gov. in it the Nez Perce
were to give up the land they claimed from the Blue to the Bitter Root Mountains And go
within the prescribed reservation where they would never again be disturbed while the sun
shined or water ran. This treaty was not ratified until 1859. The next year the gold mines
of Orofino were discovered on the reserve and the gold mines of Florence and other places
in Western Idaho. to the east of the reserve. Men in countless numbers rushed on and
across the reserve. to reach the gold. A new treaty was made in 1861. (Not ratified
however) but that did not matter the town of Lewiston (on the desired strip) was laid out.
And became the first capital of Idaho!
Still on the Nez Perce reserve. in
1863. ratified in 1867. by which the part of the reserve lying north of the snake &
Clear Water rivers and South F of clear Water R. by the Weipe was given
up. There was much opposition to this treaty the tribe became treaty & non treaty in a
sense. Joseph White Bird And Looking Glass refused to give up their beloved Walowa. this
was the main cause of the Joseph War. Lawyer and about 50 lesser Chiefs sighned this
treaty And for this he was looked upon as untrue to his own people. With thes
Changes came in with these treaties the Agency was establi at the mouth of the Lapwai the
Ft four miles up the Lapwai. The influences from the Soldiers were
especially demoralizing. which with old dirty heathenism brought the Nez Perce low indeed.
through it all they kept a form of worship, they in this period lost all but the two
three big commandments Remember the Sabbath to keep it holy. Thou shalt not steal,
thou shalt not? kill (things not hearts were ment by the word steal. A woman who
would not even when hungry steal a piece of bread would think nothing it
only fun to steal a man. or husband from another woman. There is was no word for
husband in the language. Lying nothing thought of the only thing to be ashamed of was in
not being smart enough to hide it or in being found out. drinking & fighting were a
common thing The white mans methods of gambling were added to their own old ways. Such a
mix up of heathenism and White mens vices with religion was perhaps never known before.
And how they did enjoy it. all especially their great annual July camp. for drinking
racing and swapping wives up in the beautiful Kamiah Valey. There because it was near to
their best Kamas ground the Weipe and at that time July search for kouse & Kamas could
be then found not only the Nez Perce would meet there but strangers from neighboring
tribes would come hunting these roots.
Now right into such a wild degraded camp as this in July of 69 or 70 came. G. W &
three yackamas from father Wilkes Methodist Mission on the Yackama reserve. And began
leaders George W. s preaching to the Nez Perc. The spirit was so manifestly present the
camp became a Bochem. still called the place of weeping. No Mr Spaulding there, No White
missionary, Just God and their own guilty souls. right there they threw away their
bottles, their pipes. the feathers & tails (of animals) and their wives. The wives
were not easily thrown away. many councils and much discussion which one to retain &
who to cast away. They could have said truly. "Neither is this the work of one day or
two. for We are many who have transgressed in this thing. This is the same ground upon
which Lewis & Clark camped in the Spring of 1806.
The feathers & tails were -- emblems of their attending spirits and when such an
emblem was thrown away it was a confession. I trust you no longer.
went with the pipes. Many from this camp have entered in to their heavenly
inheritance. after more than 30 years I can sit in any of our churches look around upon
the older people & count. This man or that woman. was born there (Spiritually born.
there) on that ground
Was there such great power in those yackamas? Were they so gifted? Ah no acquaintance
after years with the leading one in after years
convinced me that the Lord had used a very feeble instrument to
accomplish a great work. The Revrd George Waters had married into the
Timothy family. (Nez Perces) came back often to preach among the Nez Perce,
Too often, so thought the good presbyterian Agent John Monteith who explained to him. that
when the goverment parceled out the reservations. the Nez Perce were given to the
presbyterian church to care for. Waters decided to do as Langford was doing, about his
claim. bide his time " i e or wait until the reservation would be
opened. Then any denomination would have the right to come in. he had to wait about twenty
years, but here he came, clothed with the Authority of his conference to open a Methodist
Mission among the Nez Perce. he acknowledge to some anxiety on the Subject at
fearing divisions." for his name had been a house hold word for many, many
years. Jonah & family soon soon rallied around the who been a member
of our church with his family soon rallied around the Methodist banner. A Church was built
at the mouth of the Sweet Water on Jonahs farm (not paid for yet.) the Yackama
minister was a kind gentle man, mingled freely with our church people, but no growth in
his church he became discouraged & after a few years returned to his own people. The
little church soon after was locked up, is still locked And Jonah is dancing the dance of
the Medicine Man now. Kulla. that is all. That great awakening in the Kamiah camp only
showed that in the Lords own time & way. he fulfils his promise. "My word shall
not return unto Me void" Twas only the quickening of seed planted in the early days
of the mission.
Mr S. last days
The work revival begun on that Kamiah camp ground extended through years. In 1871 Mr S. was sent back by the P. Board of Foreign Missions to gather in the sheaves. At the same time Rev Cowly was sent as teacher for Kamiah, he was congregationalist he was a great help to Mr Spaulding in those busy years. And the people still have a good remembrance of him. About this time Gov. built two churches for the people one in Kamiah the other in Lapwai. Mr Spaulding found on his return conditions had changed.
first 11 years he spent among them he was their missionary, teacher, Agent their all in
all. The Agent Mr John Montieth a noble, capable man expected Mr S. to
keep to his own deparment. the spiritual affairs. The people would come to Mr S. with all
their troubles for his advice. from this grew strained relations between Agent &
Missionary. So the presbytery which met at Lapwai in the spring of 73. Advised Mr
Spaulding to make his home in Kamiah, he felt as bad to move from L to K. as a later
Missionary did to move from K to Lapwai. He went up to K. and began teaching a class there
of men for church workers. Whom he used as helpers in his missionary work. Among their own
and other tribes. Old as M S. was now. nearly 70 he was much of the time in the saddle.
His preaching stations Among the Nez Perce were Apowena Shemenikam Lapwai. Ashotin. North
Fork & Kamiah Often he went with his helpers among the spokans where Rev Ells &
Walker used to be had been and often among the Umatillas once among the
Yackama It seemed to be one continual revival for years. he baptized hundreds of Adults as
well as infants & In & the fall of 73 Miss S. L. McBeth arrived
at Lapwai as teacher. In those days the Bo. Presbyterian Board had the
privilege of nominating teachers for all Schools on Presbyterian reserves. her time
overlapped Mr Spauldings by about one year. Mr Spauldings Sickened in
Kamiah & was brought down to Lapwai where he died among his people., on Aug. 3. 1874.
he is burried not far from the Lapwai church in a locust grove. not far from where his
mission house was built in 1837. Aged 70 years eight months & seven day. he rests from
his labors & his works do follow him. A peculiar, faithful, strong Man.