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Latah County Oral History Collection

Remembering Latah County and Idaho Life at the turn of the 20th century

Show introduction ...

Latah County was an exhilarating place to live at the beginning of the twentieth century. Residents of the county contended with wild animals, mob actions, economic upheaval, revenge murders, union struggles, mining and logging accidents, and various other challenges in settling and inhabiting an area that had already long been inhabited by many Native Americans who called the place home.

We present here digitized audio recordings together with their indexes and transcripts for over 300 detailed recollections of life during that time. These oral histories were first conducted and collected in the mid-1970s by the Latah County Historical Society, primarily by one man, Sam Schrager. For more on the collection, check out Schrager's new introduction to the material, as well as the original foreward and guide.

You can search the interviews below by keyword or location, or use the tabs above to find interviews by location, map, name, or subject.

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Ione Adair
Interview #1, 6/8/1976

Topics:With Bernadine Cornelison (sister). Family's Bovill homesteading. Cooking for firefighters (1910). Governor McConnell's family. Purchase of mansion. Family's pet bear. Backwoods humor. 6-8-76 2 hr 33p
Subjects:bears families farms fires forest fires holidays homesteads horses livestock winter women
Locations:Moscow Bovill Fortynine Meadows

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Adair, Ione

Occupation(s):County assessor, teacher, postal clerk, timber homesteader
Residence:Moscow, Bovill, Fortynine Meadows bears families farms fires forest fires holidays homesteads horses livestock winter women

Ione Adair
Interview #2, 9/3/1976

Topics:With Bernadine Cornelison. Timber homesteading at Fortynine Meadows; loss of claim. Relationship with parents. Victorian manners and dress. Methodist church and revivals. Prohibition. Family cars. 9-3-76 2 hr 51p
Subjects:Psychiana automobiles churches clothing families fishing holidays homesteads hunting illness mansions music religion timber winter women
Locations:Moscow Bovill Fortynine Meadows

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Adair, Ione

Occupation(s):County assessor, teacher, postal clerk, timber homesteader
Residence:Moscow, Bovill, Fortynine Meadows Psychiana automobiles churches clothing families fishing holidays homesteads hunting illness mansions music religion timber winter women

Ione Adair
Interview #3, 11/16/1976

Topics:With Bernadine Cornelison. Family life in the McConnell mansion. Father's medical practice; friendship with Nez Perce. Mother's poor health and optimism. Family move to Moscow. Reading club. Bovill fishing. 11-16-76 2.4 hr 62p
Subjects:Native Americans bankruptcy churches colleges and universities fishing holidays illness mansions music professors religion winter women
Locations:Moscow Bovill Fortynine Meadows Elk River

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Adair, Ione

Occupation(s):County assessor, teacher, postal clerk, timber homesteader
Residence:Moscow, Bovill, Fortynine Meadows Native Americans bankruptcy churches colleges and universities fishing holidays illness mansions music professors religion winter women

Ione Adair
Interview #4, 1/27/1977

Topics:With Bernadine Cornelison. Mansion grounds and parties. McConnell family background. College experiences. Singing career. l_27-77 2 hr 56p
Subjects:African Americans Native Americans bankruptcy churches colleges and universities mansions music parties schools sororities teaching women
Locations:Moscow Bovill Fortynine Meadows Lewiston University of Idaho

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Adair, Ione

Occupation(s):County assessor, teacher, postal clerk, timber homesteader
Residence:Moscow, Bovill, Fortynine Meadows African Americans Native Americans bankruptcy churches colleges and universities mansions music parties schools sororities teaching women

Ione Adair
Interview #5, 2/24/1977

Topics:With Bernadine Cornelison. Women homesteaders in the timber. Experiences of 1910 fire. Friendship with father. Dr. Watkins family. Carrie Bush and Mary Borah. 2-24-77 2.5 hr 59p
Subjects:children divorces drinking fires forest fires homesteads illness illness murders politics railroads suicide teaching women
Locations:Moscow Bovill Fortynine Meadows Wallace

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Adair, Ione

Occupation(s):County assessor, teacher, postal clerk, timber homesteader
Residence:Moscow, Bovill, Fortynine Meadows children divorces drinking fires forest fires homesteads illness illness murders politics railroads suicide teaching women

Lora Brackett Albright
Interview #1, 4/29/1976

Topics:Experiences in Midwest logging camps as a girl. Family adversity and development of Idaho ranch. Schooling and teaching. Favorite horse. Homesteading rough land near Juliaetta (1918). 4-29-76 2 hr 54p
Subjects:accidents childhood forest fires holidays homesteads horses illness logging logging camps lumberjacks ranching schools teaching weddings women
Locations:Juliaetta Potlatch River Wisconsin

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Albright, Lora Brackett

Occupation(s):Manager of family produce operation, teacher, farm wife, state legislator (1949-50)
Residence:Potlatch River, Juliaetta accidents childhood forest fires holidays homesteads horses illness logging logging camps lumberjacks ranching schools teaching weddings women

Lora Brackett Albright
Interview #2, 5/25/1976

Topics:Significance of teacher to community. Midwiving at childbirths. Decision to marry. Longings of pioneer women. Native and imported plants. 5-25-76 1.5 hr 40p
Subjects:childbirth children dating death families food marriage medicine miscarriage rural schools schools teachers teaching women
Locations:Potlatch Juliaetta

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Albright, Lora Brackett

Occupation(s):Manager of family produce operation, teacher, farm wife, state legislator (1949-50)
Residence:Potlatch River, Juliaetta childbirth children dating death families food marriage medicine miscarriage rural schools schools teachers teaching women

Lora Brackett Albright
Interview #3, 6/23/1976

Topics:Lay missionary work at Lapwai Methodist Church. Selling school consolidation to communities. Family truck gardening and turkey raising. Work as state legislator. Homesteading experiences. Helping tramps. Ethics. 6-23-76 4 hr 107p
Subjects:Great Depression Native Americans animals childbirth children churches colleges and universities customs dating death families farming holidays homesteads illness legislators mentally handicapped politics rattlesnakes religion schools voting women world wars
Locations:Potlatch Juliaetta Boise

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Albright, Lora Brackett

Occupation(s):Manager of family produce operation, teacher, farm wife, state legislator (1949-50)
Residence:Potlatch River, Juliaetta Great Depression Native Americans animals childbirth children churches colleges and universities customs dating death families farming holidays homesteads illness legislators mentally handicapped politics rattlesnakes religion schools voting women world wars

Axel Anderson
Interview #1, 7/23/1974

Topics:First experiences in America. Beginning work for Potlatch. Preparing Elk River millsite and townsite (1909). Foreman for 350 men. Severe flooding of St.Joe River (1933). 7-23-74 2.5 hr 58p SS&LS
Subjects: CCC Great Depression IWW Irish-American Norwegian-American death farmers floods harvest holidays homesteads immigrants livestock logging logging camps lumber lumberjacks mills mining railroads sawmills
Locations:Bovill Elk River Spokane Wallace Clarkia

Interviewer: Sam Schrager;Laura Schrager

Anderson, Axel

Occupation(s):Assistant logging superintendent, camp foreman; employed by Potlatch Lumber Company for 44 years
Residence:Bovill, Elk River CCC Great Depression IWW Irish-American Norwegian-American death farmers floods harvest holidays homesteads immigrants livestock logging logging camps lumber lumberjacks mills mining railroads sawmills

Axel Anderson
Interview #2, 7/25/1974

Topics:IWW strike of 1917; improvement of camp conditions. Fighting 1910 fire. Relationship to crew. Elk River life. Childhood on a Swedish estate. Weyerhaeusers. 7-25-74 2 hr 38p SS&LS
Subjects:IWW foremen forest fires gyppos homesteads immigrants logging logging camps lumber mills sawmills schools strikes workers world wars
Locations:Bovill Elk River Potlatch

Interviewer: Sam Schrager;Laura Schrager

Anderson, Axel

Occupation(s):Assistant logging superintendent, camp foreman; employed by Potlatch Lumber Company for 44 years
Residence:Bovill, Elk River IWW foremen forest fires gyppos homesteads immigrants logging logging camps lumber mills sawmills schools strikes workers world wars

Axel Anderson
Interview #3, 7/26/1974

Topics:Serving in forestry unit in France in World War I. Drinking and liquor control in camp. Log chutes; donkeys and horses. Depression logging. 7-26-74 2 hr 40p SS&LS
Subjects: Great Depression IWW armed forces bootlegging drinking families logging logging camps lumber railroads sports world wars
Locations:Bovill Elk River Potlatch

Interviewer: Sam Schrager;Laura Schrager

Anderson, Axel

Occupation(s):Assistant logging superintendent, camp foreman; employed by Potlatch Lumber Company for 44 years
Residence:Bovill, Elk River Great Depression IWW armed forces bootlegging drinking families logging logging camps lumber railroads sports world wars

Axel Anderson
Interview #4, 8/20/1974

Topics:Work as walking boss. Hiring and firing men. Relations with workers and management. Woods routine and variety. Laying shay lines. 8-20-74 2 hr 42p SS&LS
Subjects:Great Depression drinking fires forests gyppos immigrants insurance lumberjacks railroads work workers world wars
Locations:Bovill Elk River Potlatch

Interviewer: Sam Schrager;Laura Schrager

Anderson, Axel

Occupation(s):Assistant logging superintendent, camp foreman; employed by Potlatch Lumber Company for 44 years
Residence:Bovill, Elk River Great Depression drinking fires forests gyppos immigrants insurance lumberjacks railroads work workers world wars

Axel Anderson
Interview #5, 8/24/1974

Topics:Unsuccessful IWW strike of 1936. Gyppo logging. Accidents. Camp life; cooks and flunkeys. Woods animals. Retirement. Inflation. 8-24-74 2.5 hr 47p
Subjects:Great Depression accidents construction gyppos holidays horses isolation logging logging camps lumberjacks strikes timber world wars
Locations:Bovill Elk River Potlatch

Interviewer: Sam Schrager;Laura Schrager

Anderson, Axel

Occupation(s):Assistant logging superintendent, camp foreman; employed by Potlatch Lumber Company for 44 years
Residence:Bovill, Elk River Great Depression accidents construction gyppos holidays horses isolation logging logging camps lumberjacks strikes timber world wars

Ernest Anderson
Interview #1, 6/5/1974

Topics:Hard times in Sweden and Duluth. Play and fights as a boy. Getting started as a farmer. Canyon logging; horse team hauling. Joe Wells. Father's craftsmanship. 6-5-74 1.5 hr
Subjects:African-Americans businesses butchering families farming immigrants knitting logging lumber schools winter world wars
Locations:Burnt Ridge Troy

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Anderson, Ernest

Occupation(s):Farmer
Residence:Burnt Ridge, Troy African-Americans businesses butchering families farming immigrants knitting logging lumber schools winter world wars

Ernest Anderson
Interview #2, 6/14/1974

Topics:Depression trials. Rural schools: strictness, teachers, decline. Harvest work as roustabout. Early sawmilling. Chores. 6-14-74 1.5 hr
Subjects:Great Depression accidents chores churches families farming games homesteads logging schools teachers
Locations:Burnt Ridge Troy

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Anderson, Ernest

Occupation(s):Farmer
Residence:Burnt Ridge, Troy Great Depression accidents chores churches families farming games homesteads logging schools teachers

Helen Kellberg Anderson
Interview #1, 6/5/1974

Topics:Tuberculosis and other sicknesses. Growing up on the farm. Women's work. Father's strictness. 6-5-74 1.2 hr 18p LS
Subjects:childhood children families farming holidays homemakers homesteads illness medicine parties railroads schools sewing timber
Locations:Moscow Burnt Ridge Troy

Interviewer: Laura Schrager

Anderson, Helen Kellberg

Occupation(s):Farm wife
Residence:Burnt Ridge, Troy childhood children families farming holidays homemakers homesteads illness medicine parties railroads schools sewing timber

Helen Kellberg Anderson
Interview #2, 6/14/1974

Topics:Good and bad teachers. Neighborhood happenings. Party gatherings. Economizing in the depression. Naivete of young. Shopping in Troy. 6-14-74 1.2 hr p LS
Subjects:Great Depression butchering clothing dances death families food illness parties poetry schools sewing stores teachers telephones
Locations:Moscow Burnt Ridge Troy

Interviewer: Laura Schrager

Anderson, Helen Kellberg

Occupation(s):Farm wife
Residence:Burnt Ridge, Troy Great Depression butchering clothing dances death families food illness parties poetry schools sewing stores teachers telephones

Ida Swanberg Asplund
Interview #1 (w/ Theodore Sundell, a friend of Ida's), 3/3/1974

Topics:With Ida Asplund (friend) A mean marshal1 and a mean teacher. July Fourth and other community pleasures. Harvest work. Desire to come to America. Clearing land. Drinking in prohibition. 3-3-74 1.5 hr p RM
Subjects:families immigrants homesteads farming logging threshing saloons murders holidays churches picnics games shivarees dances schools cooking working conditions sewing food railroads children teachers Prohibition moonshine bootlegging parties dating
Locations:Troy Burnt Ridge

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Sundell, Theodore

Occupation(s):Warehouseman; carpenter; brick plant worker
Residence:Troy families immigrants homesteads farming logging threshing saloons murders holidays churches picnics games shivarees dances schools cooking working conditions sewing food railroads children teachers Prohibition moonshine bootlegging parties dating

Philip Asplund
Interview #1, 2/13/1975

Topics:Working in the woods: pay reduction, blowing-in, World War I, Big Anderson. Youth on family farm. Troy as logging and trading center. 2-13-75 1.7 hr 47p
Subjects:African Americans IWW children death drinking families farming food gyppos homesteads illness languages logging logging camps lore lumberjacks roads sawmills schools shivarees strikes water winter world wars
Locations:Dry Ridge Troy Nora Creek

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Asplund, Philip

Occupation(s):Logging teamster
Residence:Dry Ridge, Troy African Americans IWW children death drinking families farming food gyppos homesteads illness languages logging logging camps lore lumberjacks roads sawmills schools shivarees strikes water winter world wars

James & Amelia Bacca
Interview #1, 9/24/1976

Topics:Adaptation to America. Subsistence living near Trent, Italy; local interest in America. Depression struggle. Coal mining in Wyoming; settling in Potlatch. Other Onaway Italians. 9-24-76 2.6 hr 60p
Subjects:Great Depression accidents bootlegging churches cooking death education families fire fighters friendship gyppos illness immigrants languages mills nurses roads unions wine winter women
Locations:Onaway Potlatch Italy Elk River

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Bacca, James & Amelia

Occupation(s):Fireman and Homemaker (Amelia)
Residence:Onaway, Potlatch Great Depression accidents bootlegging churches cooking death education families fire fighters friendship gyppos illness immigrants languages mills nurses roads unions wine winter women

Winney Tout Baker
Interview #1, 1975

Topics:Moved from Illinois with family as a child. Rural childhood experiences.
Subjects:childhood women farming farmers farming Native Americans threshing horses schools teachers students ranches wagons railroads crops harvesting one-room schools pregnancy families moving
Locations:Texas Ridge Deary Illinois

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Baker, Winney Tout

Occupation(s):Farm Wife
Residence:Texas Ridge childhood women farming farmers farming Native Americans threshing horses schools teachers students ranches wagons railroads crops harvesting one-room schools pregnancy families moving

John (Dick) Benge
Interview #1, 7/17/1973

Topics:Logging life. IWW strike for better conditions. Deputy Pat Malone preacher Dick Ferrell. Trading and neighboring in the depression. Advantages of Idaho farming over Nebraska. Problems with bosses. 7-17-73 2.1 hr 55p
Subjects: Great Depression IWW accidents cards drinking families farming fires friendship gambling logging lumberjacks moonshine police officers railroads strikes working conditions world wars
Locations:Hatter Creek Princeton Moscow Moscow Mountain

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Benge, John (Dick)

Occupation(s):Lumberjack
Residence:Hatter Creek, Princeton Great Depression IWW accidents cards drinking families farming fires friendship gambling logging lumberjacks moonshine police officers railroads strikes working conditions world wars

John (Dick) Benge
Interview #2, 5/3/1974

Topics:With Art Farley (friend) Playing jokes on neighbors: shivarees and chicken stealing. Feuding. Keeping peace at town dances. Secrets of water witching and well digging. Decline of land through misuse. 5-3-74 2.2 hr 49p
Subjects:dances drinking farming fighting guns logging camps lore shivarees thieves timber water winter women
Locations:Hatter Creek Princeton Potlatch

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Benge, John (Dick) & Ella May

Occupation(s):Lumberjack; Farm wife; sawmill worker; cook
Residence:Hatter Creek, Princeton dances drinking farming fighting guns logging camps lore shivarees thieves timber water winter women

John (Dick) Benge
Interview #3, 4/4/1976

Topics:Lumberjack ways: East Europeans, camp conditions, poker, characters, fights. An incompetent foreman; good and bad management. 4-4-76 2.3 hr 49p
Subjects:winter roads IWW strikes families lumberjacks logging gambling cards music world wars immigrants murders Great Depression forest fires drinking
Locations:Hatter Creek Princeton

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Benge, John (Dick)

Occupation(s):Lumberjack
Residence:Hatter Creek, Princeton winter roads IWW strikes families lumberjacks logging gambling cards music world wars immigrants murders Great Depression forest fires drinking

John (Dick) Benge
Interview #4, 4/27/1976

Topics:With Peggy Schott (daughter) Depression experiences: hardships, selling produce, parties, canning, credit. Her work: sawmilling, clearing land, cooking. Woods work. Home improvements. School plays. 4-27-76 3.5 hr 75p
Subjects:Great Depression IWW alcohol blacksmiths children clothing cooking dances dating families farming foremen fraternities gardens gyppos holidays illness logging logging camps medicine mills neighbors plays religion schools sororities tractors women working conditions
Locations:Hatter Creek Princeton Potlatch

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Benge, John (Dick) & Ella May

Occupation(s):Lumberjack; Farm wife; sawmill worker; cook
Residence:Hatter Creek, Princeton Great Depression IWW alcohol blacksmiths children clothing cooking dances dating families farming foremen fraternities gardens gyppos holidays illness logging logging camps medicine mills neighbors plays religion schools sororities tractors women working conditions

Walter Benscoter
Interview #1, 7/23/1973

Topics:Farming: routines, threshing, economy, changes. Neighborliness 7-23-73 1 hr RM
Subjects:winter livestock farming farmers wheat food orchards sports schools parties literary cards threshing homesteads world wars working conditions unions wagons horses automobiles
Locations:Kendrick American Ridge

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Benscoter, Walter & Callison, Norla

Occupation(s):Farmer
Residence:American Ridge, Kendrick winter livestock farming farmers wheat food orchards sports schools parties literary cards threshing homesteads world wars working conditions unions wagons horses automobiles

Henry Benson
Interview #1, 5/15/1974

Topics:With Nina Seybold (sister) Unsafe railroad bridges; a major derailment. Support of IWWs and hoboes. Family homesteading. Joe Wells family. 5-15-74 1 hr
Subjects:African-Americans IWW Native Americans churches holidays homesteads illness mills railroads religion schools unions world wars
Locations:Potlatch Deary

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Benson, Henry

Occupation(s):Engineer on WISM Railroad
Residence:Potlatch, Deary African-Americans IWW Native Americans churches holidays homesteads illness mills railroads religion schools unions world wars

Arthur Bjerke
Interview #1, 8/15/1973

Topics:Herding cattle in meadow rangelands. Experiences with Nez Perces. Family homesteading. Neighbors. Construction of WISM. Father's accident and death. 8-15-73 1.5 hr 19p
Subjects:African-Americans Native Americans accidents childhood death families farming food funerals homesteads hunting immigrants languages murders railroads schools
Locations:Deary

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Bjerke, Arthur

Occupation(s):Farmer; carpenter; logger
Residence:Brush Creek, Deary African-Americans Native Americans accidents childhood death families farming food funerals homesteads hunting immigrants languages murders railroads schools

Arthur Bjerke
Interview #2, 8/20/1973

Topics:Winter surveying with Bill Helmer. Taming an outlaw horse. Impressions of cultural groups. Family farming and grazing methods. Homesteaders' poverty. Oxen logging, wild cattle, and sheep grazing. Deary townsite. 8-20-73 2.2 hr 27p
Subjects:Native Americans farming food gambling homesteads immigrants livestock logging lumberjacks moonshine murders railroads sheep surveying winter
Locations:Deary Kendrick

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Bjerke, Arthur

Occupation(s):Farmer; carpenter; logger
Residence:Brush Creek, Deary Native Americans farming food gambling homesteads immigrants livestock logging lumberjacks moonshine murders railroads sheep surveying winter

Arthur Bjerke
Interview #3, 10/10/1973

Topics:Hunting experiences of a sharpshooter. Game animals' habits and history. Early Elk River. Surveying methods. 10-10-73 1.3 hr 15p
Subjects:churches families fires holidays homesteads hunting immigrants languages politics presidents religion surveying world wars
Locations:Deary Elk River

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Bjerke, Arthur

Occupation(s):Farmer; carpenter; logger
Residence:Brush Creek, Deary churches families fires holidays homesteads hunting immigrants languages politics presidents religion surveying world wars

Arthur Bjerke
Interview #4, 5/30/1975

Topics:Joe Wells family. Two killings. Impact of Potlatch Lumber Company. Signs of weather, planting, and reproduction. Fruitless mining operations Spring floods. 5-30-75 2.2 hr 27p
Subjects:African Americans IWW Native Americans banks churches dances death education fighting fishing floods friendship homesteads immigrants knitting livestock logging lore music neighbors rape schools strikes suicide teachers timber winter women
Locations:Deary Bovill Big Bear Ridge

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Bjerke, Arthur

Occupation(s):Farmer; carpenter; logger
Residence:Brush Creek, Deary African Americans IWW Native Americans banks churches dances death education fighting fishing floods friendship homesteads immigrants knitting livestock logging lore music neighbors rape schools strikes suicide teachers timber winter women

Violet Frei Boag
Interview #1, 10/15/1976

Topics:Slabtown and Collins. 1914 fire. Advantages of moving to Moscow. Becoming a nurse. 10-15-76 1.4 hr
Subjects:Great Depression children colleges and universities dances drinking education forest fires friendship medicine moving nurses religion rural communities schools world wars
Locations:Bovill Moscow Camp 8 Spokane

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Boag, Violet Frei

Occupation(s):Nurse; homemaker
Residence:Bovill, Moscow Great Depression children colleges and universities dances drinking education forest fires friendship medicine moving nurses religion rural communities schools world wars

Louis Boas
Interview #1, 7/30/1976

Topics:Dean French and university social relationships. Faculty, students, and school traditions. Limited opportunities for women. State education. Work as Boise city editor. 7-30-76 1.7 hr p
Subjects:University of Idaho churches fraternities movies newspapers pregnancy professors railroads sports students women
Locations:Boise Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Boas, Louie

Occupation(s):Editor of Moscow Daily Star-Mirror and Daily Idahonian (1926-1966)
Residence:Moscow University of Idaho churches fraternities movies newspapers pregnancy professors railroads sports students women

Louis Boas
Interview #2, 9/3/1976

Topics:Role of small city newspaper. Coverage of local issues. Boosting Moscow. Relation of college to town. Moscow banks in the depression. Frank B. Robinson and Moscow's newspaper rivalry. 9-3-76 2 hr p
Subjects:Great Depression Prohibition Psychiana University of Idaho bootlegging businesses dances farming newspapers politics sports wine women world wars
Locations:Boise Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Boas, Louie

Occupation(s):Editor of Moscow Daily Star-Mirror and Daily Idahonian (1926-1966)
Residence:Moscow Great Depression Prohibition Psychiana University of Idaho bootlegging businesses dances farming newspapers politics sports wine women world wars

Mary McConnell Borah
Interview #1, 10/15/1971

Topics:First dinner at the White House with Teddy Roosevelt; her gown. Senator Borah. Her kidnapping as a baby. (Interview recorded in Beaverton, Oregon for radio broadcast; donated by Sister Mary Christina) 10-15-71 .5 hr p Maureen Bassett
Subjects:politics women families marriage automobiles clothing legislators senators presidents death
Locations:Moscow Washington, D.C.

Interviewer: Maureen Bassett

Borah, Mary McConnell

Occupation(s):Wife of Idaho Senator William Borah
Residence:Moscow; Washington,D.C. politics women families marriage automobiles clothing legislators senators presidents death

Henry Brammer
Interview #1, 8/20/1973

Topics:Farming in two depressions. Getting started as a farmer. Father's carpentry. Kansas dugout. Rural innovations. 8-20-73 1 hr 20p RM
Subjects:Great Depression Native Americans carpentry childhood farming logging camps mail carriers roads winter
Locations:Cameron Juliaetta

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Brammer, Henry

Occupation(s):Farmer
Residence:Cameron, Juliaetta Great Depression Native Americans carpentry childhood farming logging camps mail carriers roads winter

Henry Brammer
Interview #2, 8/27/1973

Topics:Farm life in the 1890's. Anti-German activity in World War I. Labor organization; hoboes. 8-27-73 1 hr 22p RM
Subjects:CCC Great Depression IWW childhood families farmers farming flags food hunting immigrants languages mail carriers moving pioneers politics presidents railroads threshing unions working conditions world wars
Locations:Juliaetta

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Brammer, Henry

Occupation(s):Farmer
Residence:Cameron, Juliaetta CCC Great Depression IWW childhood families farmers farming flags food hunting immigrants languages mail carriers moving pioneers politics presidents railroads threshing unions working conditions world wars

Carol Ryrie Brink
Interview #1, 6/1/1975

Topics:Historical and family background of novels. Sources of writing in childhood. Grandmother and aunt. Moscow mores. Development as a writer. Reading of three true sketches of early Moscow. (Recorded by Mrs. Brink in California in response to taped questions.) 6-75 1.9 hr 27p
Subjects:assassinations authors childhood children churches doctors families friendship holidays homesteads local histories marriage murders pioneers presidents suicide winter women
Locations:Moscow Wisconsin Clarkia Washington

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Brink, Carol Ryrie

Occupation(s):Novelist; homemaker. Caddie Woodlawn won the Newberry Award; Buffalo Coat; Snow in the River and Strangers in the Forest are filled with detail about early local life
Residence:Moscow assassinations authors childhood children churches doctors families friendship holidays homesteads local histories marriage murders pioneers presidents suicide winter women

Frank Brocke
Interview #1, 3/18/1975

Topics:Learning banking at Kendrick; offer to work at Troy. Advantages of one-room schoolhouse. Father's death. World War I and anti-German sentiment. 3-18-75 1.5 hr 39p
Subjects:Great Depression banks education families illness world wars
Locations:Troy American Ridge Kendrick Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Brocke, Frank

Occupation(s):President of First Bank of Troy, worked for forty-seven years; chairman of school board
Residence:Troy, American Ridge, Kendrick Great Depression banks education families illness world wars

Frank Brocke
Interview #2, 4/26/1975

Topics:Troy bank and community support in the Great Depression. Victory during Bank holiday. Farm economics and bank policy. Banker Ole Bohman. School consolidation; work as school board clerk. 4-26-75 1.5 hr 38p
Subjects:families education banks Great Depression world wars
Locations:Troy Kendrick

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Brocke, Frank

Occupation(s):President of First Bank of Troy, worked for forty-seven years; chairman of school board
Residence:Troy, American Ridge, Kendrick families education banks Great Depression world wars

Frank Brocke
Interview #3, 1/7/1976

Topics:Roles of small town banker. Credit and confidentiality. Country youngsters. Moonshine and dances. Early banking experience. Family struggle. 1-7-76 1.3 hr 35p
Subjects:banks drinking rural communities
Locations:Troy Kendrick

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Brocke, Frank

Occupation(s):President of First Bank of Troy, worked for forty-seven years; chairman of school board
Residence:Troy, American Ridge, Kendrick banks drinking rural communities

Frank Brocke
Interview #4, 2/11/1976

Topics:With Margie Brocke (wife). Confidence of Troy bank in local people. Bank resolution of Depression crisis. Relations between banker and examiner. Frank Green. Local entertainments. 2-11-76 2 hr 56p
Subjects:Great Depression Prohibition banks drinking moonshine
Locations:Troy American Ridge Kendrick Little Bear Ridge Helmer

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Brocke, Frank

Occupation(s):President of First Bank of Troy, worked for forty-seven years; chairman of school board
Residence:Troy, American Ridge, Kendrick Great Depression Prohibition banks drinking moonshine

Frank Brocke
Interview #5, 11/9/1976

Topics:With Margie Brocke. Robberies of the Troy bank. Local attitudes toward wealth and prospering. Country-town differences. Santa Claus. Student loans. Causes of 1970's depression. 11-9-76 2.5 hr 67p
Subjects:German-American Norwegian-American Swedish-America banks holidays logging thieves women
Locations:Troy Kendrick

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Brocke, Frank

Occupation(s):President of First Bank of Troy, worked for forty-seven years; chairman of school board
Residence:Troy, American Ridge, Kendrick German-American Norwegian-American Swedish-America banks holidays logging thieves women

Jennie Cuthbert Brouillard
Interview #2 (w/ Fannie Byers; and Brouillard), 1976

Topics:and Jennie Brouillard (sister). Nursing in a field hospital in France in World War I. Women's work in harvest and processing. Farm self-sufficiency. Viola Community Club. Impact of Adventists. Effects of school consolidation. 11-5-76 2.8 hr 7ip
Subjects:nursing world wars women farming harvesting religion schools clubs farmers colleges and universities University of Idaho nurses fighting hospitals cooking threshing railroads churches automobiles teachers marriage divorce childhood canning and preserving IWW murder working conditions cards dances food doctors
Locations:Fourmile Creek Viola Oregon Moscow Potlatch Washington

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Byers, Fannie Cuthbert

Occupation(s):Farm wife; pea processor; harvest cook
Residence:Fourmile Creek, Viola nursing world wars women farming harvesting religion schools clubs farmers colleges and universities University of Idaho nurses fighting hospitals cooking threshing railroads churches automobiles teachers marriage divorce childhood canning and preserving IWW murder working conditions cards dances food doctors

Michael Bubuly
Interview #1, 8/14/1974

Topics:Protecting a killer at Elk River. 1914 Bovill fires. Bad logging accidents. Bootleg whiskey and Pat Malone. Discrimination against East Europeans. Father's return to Bosnia. 8-14-74 2 hr 44p
Subjects:Great Depression IWW accidents banks bootlegging churches discrimination drinking families forest fires immigrants logging lumberjacks moonshine thievery world wars
Locations:Bovill Elk River

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Bubuly, Michael

Occupation(s):Lumberjack
Residence:Bovill Great Depression IWW accidents banks bootlegging churches discrimination drinking families forest fires immigrants logging lumberjacks moonshine thievery world wars

George (Bud) Buchanan
Interview #1, 8/14/1974

(transcript only)

Topics:Town social events. Moscow businesses and proprietors. 5-74.4 hr RM
Subjects:homesteading presidents stores presidents bears African Americans
Locations:Moscow Oregon

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Buchanan, George (Bud)

Occupation(s):
Residence: homesteading presidents stores presidents bears African Americans

Joel Burkland
Interview #1, 8/15/1953

Topics:Family's water powered mill. Early Deary, fires and decline. Boys' work and fishing. Marshall's work. Depression debts. 8-15-53 1.5 hr
Subjects:sawmills Native Americans hunting fishing Great Depression thieves children winter logging fires death IWW lumberjacks businesses service stations blacksmiths threshing
Locations:Deary Bear Creek Anderson Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Burkland, Joel

Occupation(s):Operated garage and service station; town marshall; secretary-treasurer of highway district (37 years)
Residence:Deary, Bear Creek sawmills Native Americans hunting fishing Great Depression thieves children winter logging fires death IWW lumberjacks businesses service stations blacksmiths threshing

William Burkland
Interview #2, 3/19/1976

Topics:Neighboring supplanted by town life. Beginning of Deary. Homesteaders' struggle. Harvest work. Runaway teams. 3-19-76 2 hr 46p
Subjects:African Americans blacksmiths businesses dances drinking farming festivals fires holidays homesteads horses logging neighbors rural communities sports threshing
Locations:Deary Bear Creek Genesee Troy Potlatch

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Burkland, William

Occupation(s):Farmer; logger
Residence:Deary, Bear Creek African Americans blacksmiths businesses dances drinking farming festivals fires holidays homesteads horses logging neighbors rural communities sports threshing

Edna Johnson Butterfield
Interview #1, 10/11/1973

Topics:Family halfway house at Woodfell. Subsistence living. Hoodoo miners and local economy. Early towns. 10-11-73 1 hr LS
Subjects:Swedish Americans dances death education families farming food holidays illness immigrants literary medicine miners mines moving saloons schools wool
Locations:Palouse Princeton Harvard Woodfell

Interviewer: Laura Schrager

Butterfield, Edna Johnson

Occupation(s):Farm wife
Residence:Woodfell, Princeton Swedish Americans dances death education families farming food holidays illness immigrants literary medicine miners mines moving saloons schools wool

Edna Johnson Butterfield
Interview #2, 10/19/1976

Topics:Courtship. Mother's schedule. Dresses. Coming of industry. 10-19-73 1 hr LS
Subjects:Great Depression children clothing dances families horses logging midwives railroads threshing
Locations:Palouse Woodfell

Interviewer: Laura Schrager

Butterfield, Edna Johnson

Occupation(s):Farm wife
Residence:Woodfell, Princeton Great Depression children clothing dances families horses logging midwives railroads threshing

Fannie Cuthbert Byers
Interview #1, 11/5/1976

Topics:First jobs. Development of homestead. Local sawmills. A young arsonist. Viola town life. Move to Idaho. 5-14-74 1 hr LS
Subjects:Psychiana accidents armed forces churches clubs colleges and universities dances death families farming games hospitals nurses religion schools timber women world wars
Locations:Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Byers, Fannie Cuthbert

Occupation(s):Farm wife; pea processor; harvest cook
Residence:Fourmile Creek, Viola Psychiana accidents armed forces churches clubs colleges and universities dances death families farming games hospitals nurses religion schools timber women world wars

Fannie Cuthbert Byers
Interview #2, 1976

Topics:and Jennie Brouillard (sister). Nursing in a field hospital in France in World War I. Women's work in harvest and processing. Farm self-sufficiency. Viola Community Club. Impact of Adventists. Effects of school consolidation. 11-5-76 2.8 hr 7ip
Subjects:nursing world wars women farming harvesting religion schools clubs farmers colleges and universities University of Idaho nurses fighting hospitals cooking threshing railroads churches automobiles teachers marriage divorce childhood canning and preserving IWW murder working conditions cards dances food doctors
Locations:Fourmile Creek Viola Oregon Moscow Potlatch Washington

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Byers, Fannie Cuthbert

Occupation(s):Farm wife; pea processor; harvest cook
Residence:Fourmile Creek, Viola nursing world wars women farming harvesting religion schools clubs farmers colleges and universities University of Idaho nurses fighting hospitals cooking threshing railroads churches automobiles teachers marriage divorce childhood canning and preserving IWW murder working conditions cards dances food doctors

Fannie Cuthbert Byers
Interview #3, 1976

Topics:Happenings in Viola community. Family experiences. (Interview donated by Marilyn Chaney.) no date .6 hr Marilyn Chaney
Subjects:families women logging churches fires schools childhood food sports businesses nurses
Locations:Fourmile Creek Viola Oregon

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Byers, Fannie Cuthbert

Occupation(s):Farm wife; pea processor; harvest cook
Residence:Fourmile Creek, Viola families women logging churches fires schools childhood food sports businesses nurses

Norla Callison
Interview #1, 8/29/1973

Topics:Farming practices. Joint-owned threshing machine. Forms of neighbor ing. Rural schooling and chores. Plentiful game. Raising apples. Kansas farming. 8-29-73 1.5 hr p RM
Subjects:butchering childhood children chores churches doctors families farmers farming fishing floods homesteads hunting literary livestock orchards parties schools threshing tractors winter women
Locations:American Ridge Kendrick Juliaetta Troy

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Callison, Norla

Occupation(s):Farmer
Residence:American Ridge, Kendrick butchering childhood children chores churches doctors families farmers farming fishing floods homesteads hunting literary livestock orchards parties schools threshing tractors winter women

Norla Callison
Interview #2, 12/7/1973

Topics:With Walter Benscoter (friend) Festive get-togethers. Moonshine. Weather and farming. One-room school. Thieves. Early homesteading. 12-7-73 1.3 hr 39p RM
Subjects:Prohibition alcohol churches dances families farming granaries holidays homesteads orchards prohibition schools sports threshing water weddings winter
Locations:Kendrick Troy American Ridge

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Callison, Norla

Occupation(s):Farmer
Residence:American Ridge, Kendrick Prohibition alcohol churches dances families farming granaries holidays homesteads orchards prohibition schools sports threshing water weddings winter

Norla Callison
Interview #3, 1/24/1974

Topics:With Walter Benscoter Fights and local politicking. Farmer co-ops. Depressions. Desire to secede from Idaho. Neighbors. 1-24-74 1 hr RM
Subjects:winter orchards sports schools farming schools dances granaries churches prohibition holidays weddings dances threshing families Prohibition alcohol homesteads water crops
Locations:Kendrick Troy American Ridge

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Callison, Norla

Occupation(s):Farmer
Residence:American Ridge, Kendrick winter orchards sports schools farming schools dances granaries churches prohibition holidays weddings dances threshing families Prohibition alcohol homesteads water crops

Viola White Cameron
Interview #1, 7/25/1974

Topics:and Grace Ryan (sister) Flunkeying and lumberjacks. Social life of Bovill. Mother's work, Loss of Slabtown house in 1914 fire. 7-25-24 1 hr LS
Subjects:automobiles children chores electricity families food forest fires logging camps lumberjacks rodeos schools strikes
Locations:Bovill Potlatch

Interviewer: Laura Schrager

Cameron, Viola White

Occupation(s):Homemaker; store clerk; logging camp flunkey
Residence:Bovill automobiles children chores electricity families food forest fires logging camps lumberjacks rodeos schools strikes

Gustav Carlson
Interview #1, 7/12/1976

Topics:Family interrelationships on Burnt Ridge. Rural school and farm work. Changed attitudes of second generation. Father's socialism and religion. Non-fraternity education at the university. Troy killings. 7-12-76 4 hr
Subjects:immigrants families University of Idaho construction rural schools teachers schools farming women quilting Native Americans childbirth midwives stores orchards homesteads neighbors churches death children chores food crops winter planting automobiles world wars mail carriers politics unions newspapers holidays socialism IWW colleges and universities women prostitutes students rural communities fraternities roads dances picnics reading languages friendship Swedish Americans immigrants drinking lore
Locations:Burnt Ridge Moscow Lewiston Troy Spokane

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Carlson, Gustav

Occupation(s):Teacher; census bureau officer
Residence:Burnt Ridge, Troy immigrants families University of Idaho construction rural schools teachers schools farming women quilting Native Americans childbirth midwives stores orchards homesteads neighbors churches death children chores food crops winter planting automobiles world wars mail carriers politics unions newspapers holidays socialism IWW colleges and universities women prostitutes students rural communities fraternities roads dances picnics reading languages friendship Swedish Americans immigrants drinking lore

Gustav Carlson
Interview #2, 7/15/1976

Topics:Tuberculosis among the young. Careers of second generation Burnt Ridgers. Influence of canyons on countryside. Nora Mission Church. Farming methods. 7-15-76 3 hr
Subjects:Great Depression automobiles children churches colleges and universities death education families farming homesteads horses illness logging moving neighbors orchards plowing politics presidents professors roads sawmills socialism teachers timber unions unskilled workers water women world wars
Locations:Bovill Burnt Ridge Troy American Ridge

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Carlson, Gustav

Occupation(s):Teacher; census bureau officer
Residence:Burnt Ridge, Troy Great Depression automobiles children churches colleges and universities death education families farming homesteads horses illness logging moving neighbors orchards plowing politics presidents professors roads sawmills socialism teachers timber unions unskilled workers water women world wars

Helena Cartwright Carlson
Interview #1, 7/6/1975

Topics:Rural school: games, get-togethers, teaching. Chores and play; animal pets. Cultural barriers with Swedish community. 7-6-75 2 hr p KP
Subjects:Native Americans automobiles canning and preserving childhood chores churches dances education families farming farms festivals floods food games guns holidays hunting immigrants languages literary lumberjacks music newspapers normal schools pets railroads roads rural schools schools students teachers water winter
Locations:Troy Big Meadow Colville Lewiston Moscow Elk River

Interviewer: Karen Purtee

Carlson, Helena

Occupation(s):Teacher; homemaker
Residence:Big Meadow, Troy Native Americans automobiles canning and preserving childhood chores churches dances education families farming farms festivals floods food games guns holidays hunting immigrants languages literary lumberjacks music newspapers normal schools pets railroads roads rural schools schools students teachers water winter

Helena Cartwright Carlson
Interview #2, 7/20/1975

Topics:Community activities: picnics, parties, school programs. Opposition to school consolidation. Older girls' work. 7-20-75 1 hr KP
Subjects:accidents childbirth children chores churches clothing cooking dances dating death families family life education farming fishing food literary music newspaper pregnancy servants threshing wagons winter women working conditions world wars
Locations:Big Meadow Troy Spokane Genesee Burnt Ridge

Interviewer: Karen Purtee

Carlson, Helena

Occupation(s):Teacher; homemaker
Residence:Big Meadow, Troy accidents childbirth children chores churches clothing cooking dances dating death families family life education farming fishing food literary music newspaper pregnancy servants threshing wagons winter women working conditions world wars

Melvin Carlson
Interview #1, 7/21/1975

Topics:With Helena Carlson (sister-in-law) Farm life as youngster: school, work, play and entertainments. Ice making. Threshing. Local fires. 7-21-75 2 hr p KP
Subjects:women authors murders suicide pioneers homesteads churches lore education teachers tarot fortune-telling
Locations:American Ridge Troy

Interviewer: Karen Purtee

Carlson, Melvin

Occupation(s):Logger; farmer
Residence:Big Meadow, Troy women authors murders suicide pioneers homesteads churches lore education teachers tarot fortune-telling

Melvin Carlson
Interview #2, 7/22/1975

Topics:and Helena Carlson Woods living: lumberjacks, work, women in camp. Halloween pranks. Shivarees. Buttermaking and cream. Home remedies. 7-22-75 2 hr p KP
Subjects:bears dances families food forest fires holidays illness immigrants literary logging logging camps lore lumberjacks medicine roads telephones unions weddings women
Locations:Big Meadow Troy

Interviewer: Karen Purtee

Carlson, Melvin

Occupation(s):Logger; farmer
Residence:Big Meadow, Troy bears dances families food forest fires holidays illness immigrants literary logging logging camps lore lumberjacks medicine roads telephones unions weddings women

Willa Cummings Carlson
Interview #1, 4/23/1974

Topics:With Mavis Lee Utley (daughter) Disappearance of a buttermaker. A veiled lady. Boarding in Lewiston as a girl. Fortune telling experiences. Prescience. 4-23-74 2.2 hr 33p
Subjects:authors churches education fortune-telling homesteads lore murders pioneers suicide tarot teachers women
Locations:American Ridge Troy

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Carlson, Willa

Occupation(s):Teacher and farm wife; author of manuscript on Latah County history
Residence:American Ridge, Troy authors churches education fortune-telling homesteads lore murders pioneers suicide tarot teachers women

Willa Cummings Carlson
Interview #2, 4/30/1974

Topics:With Mavis Lee Utley Marshall Hays and family. Fannie and Al Roberts. J.P.Vollmer, the millionaire. Schooling and reading as a youngster. 4-30-74 2 hr 38p
Subjects:automobiles brothels marriage politics railroads rape rural schools schools women
Locations:American Ridge Troy

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Carlson, Willa

Occupation(s):Teacher and farm wife; author of manuscript on Latah County history
Residence:American Ridge, Troy automobiles brothels marriage politics railroads rape rural schools schools women

Willa Cummings Carlson
Interview #3, 1974-05-07

Topics:With Mavis Lee Utley and Helen Johnson (friend) Disappearance of Mae Downing. Last account of Winnie Booth. Moving a grave. Death of children from tuberculosis. 5-7-74 1.7 hr 16p
Subjects:brothels children death granaries illness lore medicine suicide women
Locations:American Ridge Troy

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Carlson, Willa

Occupation(s):Teacher and farm wife; author of manuscript on Latah County history
Residence:American Ridge, Troy brothels children death granaries illness lore medicine suicide women

Willa Cummings Carlson
Interview #4, 5/14/1974

Topics:Social and political views of American Ridgers; racial prejudice and regional divisions. Family adversity: typhoid, house fire, trouble with hired hand. Suspected vigilante hanging. Electioneering. Kendrick fire of 1904. 5-14-74 2.5 hr 48p
Subjects:African Americans IWW discrimination farmers fires lynching politics racial discrimination religion vigilantes women
Locations:American Ridge Troy

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Carlson, Willa

Occupation(s):Teacher and farm wife; author of manuscript on Latah County history
Residence:American Ridge, Troy African Americans IWW discrimination farmers fires lynching politics racial discrimination religion vigilantes women

Willa Cummings Carlson
Interview #5, 5/20/1974

Topics:Teacher's responsibilities to the community. Mother-in-law's nursing. Views of cultural groups. American Ridge lore. 5-20-74 1.5 hr 25p
Subjects:Native Americans Swedish Americans death holidays midwives nurses racial discrimination telephones women
Locations:American Ridge Troy Burnt Ridge

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Carlson, Willa

Occupation(s):Teacher and farm wife; author of manuscript on Latah County history
Residence:American Ridge, Troy Native Americans Swedish Americans death holidays midwives nurses racial discrimination telephones women

Willa Cummings Carlson
Interview #6, 1/15/1976

Topics:A country girl at Lewiston Normal: working for keep, sophistication of city elite. Difficult ranching experience. Family prune dryer and cider press. 1-15-76 1.7 hr 43p
Subjects:children churches education food friendship normal schools rural schools schools students teachers women
Locations:American Ridge Troy Lewiston

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Carlson, Willa

Occupation(s):Teacher and farm wife; author of manuscript on Latah County history
Residence:American Ridge, Troy children churches education food friendship normal schools rural schools schools students teachers women

Sister Mary Christina
Interview #1, 8/19/1976

Topics:Stories Mary Borah told about her life in Idaho and Washington, D.C. Mary Borah's last year. 8-19-76 .5 hr Lee Magnuson
Subjects:death families legislators mansions mentally handicapped politics presidents women
Locations:Oregon Moscow Washington D.C.

Interviewer: Lee Magnuson

Christina, Sister Mary

Occupation(s):Nun. She helped care for Mary McConnell Borah at the Maryville home.
Residence:Beaverton (Oregon) death families legislators mansions mentally handicapped politics presidents women

Archie Clark
Interview #1, 4/17/1974

Topics:Coyote hunting. A pet coyote. Training a horse. 4-17-74 1 hr
Subjects:guns hunting winter women
Locations:Potlatch

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Clark, Archie

Occupation(s):Farm laborer
Residence:Potlatch guns hunting winter women

J. Les and Marie J. Clark
Interview #1, 7/9/1976

Topics:Growing up in Elk River. Town social life and cultural groups. Apprentice ship of a printer; Elk River print shop. Tramp printers. Leaving Elk River; loss of mill. 7-9-76 3.5 hr
Subjects:Great Depression IWW Ku Kux Klan Psychiana accidents automobiles businesses butchering childhood children churches dances dating death families fires flunkeying games holidays illness immigrants mills movies music newspapers picnics railroads religion schools sports stores students teachers timber unions winter women working conditions world wars
Locations:Elk River Oregon Lewiston Moscow Colfax Helmer Park

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Clark, J. Les & Marie J.

Occupation(s):Printer
Residence:Elk River Great Depression IWW Ku Kux Klan Psychiana accidents automobiles businesses butchering childhood children churches dances dating death families fires flunkeying games holidays illness immigrants mills movies music newspapers picnics railroads religion schools sports stores students teachers timber unions winter women working conditions world wars

Rosie Hecks Clark
Interview #1, 4/17/1974

Topics:Family farm life. Fears as a girl. Community Fourth of July. 4-17-74 .9 hr Sherrie Fields
Subjects:childhood children chores chores churches clothing dating farming holidays literary rural communities sewing shivarees women
Locations:Deep Creek Moscow

Interviewer: Sherrie Fields

Clark, Rosie Hecks

Occupation(s):Kitchen worker; farm wife
Residence:Deep Creek, Potlatch childhood children chores chores churches clothing dating farming holidays literary rural communities sewing shivarees women

Lola Gamble Clyde
Interview #1, 12/2/1974

Topics:Nez Perce trails and use of area. First white people in county. Place name origins. Why Moscow got the university. Arrival of Clydes with Pennsylvania Dutch (1877). Governor McConnell's bankruptcy (1893). Meeting Ida Tarbell. 12-2-74 1.7 hr 44p
Subjects:Native Americans childhood children churches legislators local histories mansions pioneers politics schools state government teaching women
Locations:Paradise Ridge Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Clyde, Lola

Occupation(s):Teacher; farm wife; local historian; frequently addresses groups and aids researchers
Residence:Paradise Ridge, Moscow Native Americans childhood children churches legislators local histories mansions pioneers politics schools state government teaching women

Lola Gamble Clyde
Interview #2, 12/13/1974

Topics:Father's ministry. Eliza Spalding and Nez Perce religion. Family homesteading; mother's interests and isolation. Farm wildflowers and wildlife. Love of school. 12-13-74 1.5 hr 36p
Subjects:Native Americans children teaching marriage games illness childhood illness medicine midwives chores families schools marriage Chautauqua
Locations:Paradise Ridge Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Clyde, Lola

Occupation(s):Teacher; farm wife; local historian; frequently addresses groups and aids researchers
Residence:Paradise Ridge, Moscow Native Americans children teaching marriage games illness childhood illness medicine midwives chores families schools marriage Chautauqua

Lola Gamble Clyde
Interview #3, 1/7/1975

Topics:With Robert Clyde (son) Killing of Will Steffen for Dr. Watkin's murder. Double suicide of Winnie Booth and Dr. Ledbrook. Folk beliefs. Early politics. The 1903 compilation of North Idaho history. Stories of Shorty Hill. 1-7-75 2 hr 36p
Subjects:women birth control farming teaching clothing fashion churches religion death colleges and universities voting politics Psychiana education family life education world wars discrimination Ku Klux Klan IWW strikes
Locations:Paradise Ridge Moscow Lewiston

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Clyde, Lola

Occupation(s):Teacher; farm wife; local historian; frequently addresses groups and aids researchers
Residence:Paradise Ridge, Moscow women birth control farming teaching clothing fashion churches religion death colleges and universities voting politics Psychiana education family life education world wars discrimination Ku Klux Klan IWW strikes

Lola Gamble Clyde
Interview #4, 5/19/1975

Topics:With Thomas Wahl (brother-in-law), Elizabeth Wahl (sister) Play parties. Outdoor children's games. Women teaching. Awkwardness of courting. Chatauquas. Auctions. 5-19-75 1.3 hr 47p
Subjects:Nez Perce lore crafts women pregnancy disease illness medicine chores midwives families teachers marriage dating children authors
Locations:Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Clyde, Lola

Occupation(s):Teacher; farm wife; local historian; frequently addresses groups and aids researchers
Residence:Paradise Ridge, Moscow Nez Perce lore crafts women pregnancy disease illness medicine chores midwives families teachers marriage dating children authors

Lola Gamble Clyde
Interview #5, 6/5/1975

Topics:Famous North Idaho women. Subservience of women to husbands. Women and prohibition. Her teaching experience; choice of marriage over career. Depths of the depression. Rural electrification. 6-5-75 1.7 hr 44p
Subjects:authors presentations women local histories childbirth teachers families normal schools Great Depression farming family life education marriage women's rights
Locations:Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Clyde, Lola

Occupation(s):Teacher; farm wife; local historian; frequently addresses groups and aids researchers
Residence:Paradise Ridge, Moscow authors presentations women local histories childbirth teachers families normal schools Great Depression farming family life education marriage women's rights

Lola Gamble Clyde
Interview #6, 7/3/1975

Topics:Ignorance vs. independence for young women. Children's lives and troubles. Difficult marriages. Pioneer sickness. Nez Perce myths. Bedtime stories and lullabyes. 7-3-75 1.7 hr 25p
Subjects:women mansions professors clubs local histories
Locations:Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Clyde, Lola

Occupation(s):Teacher; farm wife; local historian; frequently addresses groups and aids researchers
Residence:Paradise Ridge, Moscow women mansions professors clubs local histories

Lola Gamble Clyde
Interview #7, 10/12/1976

Topics:Women's life in country compared to town. Women's civic achieve ments in Moscow. Women's teaching opportunities. Family size. Church activities; attitudes about dying. Social relations at university. Anti-German actions during war; Klan in the 1920s. IWW's in harvest. Frank B. Robinson. 10-12-76 2.5 hr p
Subjects:women authors
Locations:Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Clyde, Lola

Occupation(s):Teacher; farm wife; local historian; frequently addresses groups and aids researchers
Residence:Paradise Ridge, Moscow women authors

Bernadine Adair Cornelison
Interview #1 (w/ her sister Ione Adair), 6/8/1976

Topics:With Bernadine Cornelison (sister). Family's Bovill homesteading. Cooking for firefighters (1910). Governor McConnell's family. Purchase of mansion. Family's pet bear. Backwoods humor. 6-8-76 2 hr 33p
Subjects:bears families farms fires forest fires holidays homesteads horses livestock winter women
Locations:Moscow Bovill Fortynine Meadows

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Adair, Ione

Occupation(s):County assessor, teacher, postal clerk, timber homesteader
Residence:Moscow, Bovill, Fortynine Meadows bears families farms fires forest fires holidays homesteads horses livestock winter women

Bernadine Adair Cornelison
Interview #2 (w/ her sister Ione Adair), 9/3/1976

Topics:With Bernadine Cornelison. Timber homesteading at Fortynine Meadows; loss of claim. Relationship with parents. Victorian manners and dress. Methodist church and revivals. Prohibition. Family cars. 9-3-76 2 hr 51p
Subjects:Psychiana automobiles churches clothing families fishing holidays homesteads hunting illness mansions music religion timber winter women
Locations:Moscow Bovill Fortynine Meadows

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Adair, Ione

Occupation(s):County assessor, teacher, postal clerk, timber homesteader
Residence:Moscow, Bovill, Fortynine Meadows Psychiana automobiles churches clothing families fishing holidays homesteads hunting illness mansions music religion timber winter women

Bernadine Adair Cornelison
Interview #3 (w/ her sister Ione Adair), 11/16/1976

Topics:With Bernadine Cornelison. Family life in the McConnell mansion. Father's medical practice; friendship with Nez Perce. Mother's poor health and optimism. Family move to Moscow. Reading club. Bovill fishing. 11-16-76 2.4 hr 62p
Subjects:Native Americans bankruptcy churches colleges and universities fishing holidays illness mansions music professors religion winter women
Locations:Moscow Bovill Fortynine Meadows Elk River

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Adair, Ione

Occupation(s):County assessor, teacher, postal clerk, timber homesteader
Residence:Moscow, Bovill, Fortynine Meadows Native Americans bankruptcy churches colleges and universities fishing holidays illness mansions music professors religion winter women

Bernadine Adair Cornelison
Interview #4 (w/ her sister Ione Adair), 1/27/1977

Topics:With Bernadine Cornelison. Mansion grounds and parties. McConnell family background. College experiences. Singing career. l_27-77 2 hr 56p
Subjects:African Americans Native Americans bankruptcy churches colleges and universities mansions music parties schools sororities teaching women
Locations:Moscow Bovill Fortynine Meadows Lewiston University of Idaho

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Adair, Ione

Occupation(s):County assessor, teacher, postal clerk, timber homesteader
Residence:Moscow, Bovill, Fortynine Meadows African Americans Native Americans bankruptcy churches colleges and universities mansions music parties schools sororities teaching women

Bernadine Adair Cornelison
Interview #5 (w/ her sister Ione Adair), 2/24/1977

Topics:With Bernadine Cornelison. Women homesteaders in the timber. Experiences of 1910 fire. Friendship with father. Dr. Watkins family. Carrie Bush and Mary Borah. 2-24-77 2.5 hr 59p
Subjects:children divorces drinking fires forest fires homesteads illness illness murders politics railroads suicide teaching women
Locations:Moscow Bovill Fortynine Meadows Wallace

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Adair, Ione

Occupation(s):County assessor, teacher, postal clerk, timber homesteader
Residence:Moscow, Bovill, Fortynine Meadows children divorces drinking fires forest fires homesteads illness illness murders politics railroads suicide teaching women

Glenn Corrin
Interview, 5/21/1975

Topics:Marshall Hays: his unpopularity and murder. Joe and Lou Wells. Driving supply wagon east of Troy (1906). Beauty of Bovill townsite, 5-21-75 .9 hr 12p
Subjects:African Americans dances death drinking farming immigrants knitting lore mail carriers murders music orchards police officers roads saloons sawmills wool wool
Locations:Troy Lewiston Bovill Nora Creek Deary

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Corrin, Glenn

Occupation(s):General laborer
Residence:TroyAfrican Americansdancesdeathdrinkingfarmingimmigrantsknittingloremail carriersmurdersmusicorchardspolice officersroadssaloonssawmillswoolwool

Andrew Cox
Interview #1 (w/ half-brother Edward Kent), 8/10/1976

Topics:With Andrew Cox (half-brother) Farming on American Ridge. Early impressions of Idaho. Cowboy work, Nez Perces on the Potlatch. Juliaetta. Preaching and schools. 8-10-76 1.3 hr
Subjects:CCC Canadians Native Americans churches dances drinking farming horses immigrants moonshine religion schools winter
Locations:American Ridge Juliaetta Kendrick Helmer

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Kent, Edward

Occupation(s):Farmer; cowboy
Residence:American Ridge, Juliaetta CCC Canadians Native Americans churches dances drinking farming horses immigrants moonshine religion schools winter

Anna Vivan Hise Craig
Interview #1, 7/26/1973

Topics:Teaching methods in a one-room schoolhouse. Teachers' moral example for community. 7-26-73 1 hr
Subjects:children churches dances education families newspapers religion schools students teachers
Locations:Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Craig, Anna Vivan Hise

Occupation(s):Teacher; homemaker
Residence:Moscow children churches dances education families newspapers religion schools students teachers

Lester Crocker
Interview #1, 7/12/1973

Topics:Local fires. Weather and transportation. Wild game. 7-12-73 .8 hr RM
Subjects:blacksmiths childhood doctors fishing forest fires hunting post offices roads schools wagons winter
Locations:Kendrick

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Crocker, Lester

Occupation(s):Banker
Residence:Kendrick blacksmiths childhood doctors fishing forest fires hunting post offices roads schools wagons winter

Ada Hill Crow
Interview #1, 7/24/1974

Topics:With Velma Gertz (daughter) Family homesteading: farm produce and 1893 wet harvest. Viola events and settlers. Religious and social gatherings. Typhoid; smallpox. Getting married. Canadian homesteading (1912-37). 7-24-74 2 hr 45p LS
Subjects:
Locations:Fourmile Creek Viola Oregon Canada

Interviewer: Laura Schrager

Crow, Ada Hill

Occupation(s):Farm wife
Residence:Fourmile Creek, Viola

Charles Crow
Interview #1, 7/24/1974

Topics:Driving horses across eastern Washington. Batching in a dugout as a boy. Rattlesnake lore. Fighting claim jumpers. 7-24-74 2.1 hr
Subjects:children corrals families harvesting homesteads horses illness livestock neighbors orchards pioneers ranches rattlesnakes rivers wagons winter
Locations:Viola Palouse Canada

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Crow, Charles

Occupation(s):Farmer; carpenter
Residence:Palouse, eastern Washington children corrals families harvesting homesteads horses illness livestock neighbors orchards pioneers ranches rattlesnakes rivers wagons winter

Walter Currin
Interview #1, 3/17/1976

Topics:George Peopeoptalkt's friendship with family. Jackson Sundown. Local rodeos. 3-17-76 1 hr
Subjects:Native Americans childhood crafts families farming fishing food friendship horses hunting illness livestock politics rodeos schools threshing tractors world wars
Locations:Rimrock Genesee

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Currin, Walter

Occupation(s):Farmer; warehouseman
Residence:Rimrock, Genesee Native Americans childhood crafts families farming fishing food friendship horses hunting illness livestock politics rodeos schools threshing tractors world wars

John Cushman
Interview #1, 10/27/1977

Topics:n/a
Subjects:University of Idaho professors presidentso plays teaching teachersho colleges and universities education world wars clubs students Native Americans pageants
Locations:Moscow Washington Spokane New York

Interviewer: Rachel Foxman

Cushman, John

Occupation(s):n/a
Residence:n/a University of Idaho professors presidentso plays teaching teachersho colleges and universities education world wars clubs students Native Americans pageants

Eva Slatter Daniels
Interview #1, 4/29/1976

Topics:Community functions of school and church. Teaching in rural schools Working for board. Difficult living at Park. Childhood on homestead. Father's struggle as an orphan in the West. 4-29-76 2.1 hr 47p
Subjects:banks childhood churches dances education families games marriage moving parties rural schools schools teachers teaching women world wars
Locations:Cameron Park Agatha Lewiston

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Daniels, Eva Slatter

Occupation(s):Teacher; farm wife
Residence:Cameron, Park, Agatha banks childhood churches dances education families games marriage moving parties rural schools schools teachers teaching women world wars

Gus Demus
Interview #1, 8/7/1975

Topics:Working and living for Greeks in Potlatch; their social separation from Americans. Railroad labor in eastern Washington: boxcar living. Growing up in Dedemah. Departure of Greeks from Potlatch during depression. 8-7-75 2.5 hr 37p
Subjects: Great Depression Greek Americans Italian-Americans businesses churches death drinking families foremen friendship games immigrants languages logging camps railroads religion sawmills stores strikes workers world wars
Locations:Potlatch Walla Walla Oregon

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Demus, Gus

Occupation(s):Trimmer at mill; laborer
Residence:Potlatch Great Depression Greek Americans Italian-Americans businesses churches death drinking families foremen friendship games immigrants languages logging camps railroads religion sawmills stores strikes workers world wars

Gus Demus
Interview #2, 9/12/1975

Topics:Laboring in the Northwest: language barrier, foreman-crew relations. Sending father back to Greece. Ten hour day at Potlatch. IWW radicalism. Getting ahead in America. 9-12-75 2 hr 33p
Subjects:Greek Americans IWW bootlegging families foremen gambling languages prostitutes railroads strikes unions winter workers world wars
Locations:Potlatch Oregon Washington

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Demus, Gus

Occupation(s):Trimmer at mill; laborer
Residence:Potlatch Greek Americans IWW bootlegging families foremen gambling languages prostitutes railroads strikes unions winter workers world wars

Gus Demus
Interview #3, 10/24/1975

Topics:Work as trimmer in mill: disagreements, foremen, sign language, accidents. Greek living arrangements and lack of security. Company profits. Prostitution. 10-24-75 2.5 hr 47p
Subjects:Greek Americans Japanese Americans accidents automobiles foremen illness immigrants languages marriage mills prostitutes railroads sawmills unskilled workers women world wars
Locations:Potlatch Pullman Washington

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Demus, Gus

Occupation(s):Trimmer at mill; laborer
Residence:Potlatch Greek Americans Japanese Americans accidents automobiles foremen illness immigrants languages marriage mills prostitutes railroads sawmills unskilled workers women world wars

Gus Demus
Interview #4, 9/24/1976

Topics:Brother's paranoia. Surviving the depression. Slow advancement in sawmill. Greek bachelors. Visiting Greece after retirement. 9-24-76 1.4 hr 26p
Subjects:Great Depression Greek Americans families foremen illness sawmills unions
Locations:Potlatch Lewiston Spokane

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Demus, Gus

Occupation(s):Trimmer at mill; laborer
Residence:Potlatch Great Depression Greek Americans families foremen illness sawmills unions

Lucille Riddell Denevan
Interview #1, 11/11/1975

Topics:Nursing experiences in Bovill hospital. Decisions as a first aid nurse. Becoming a nurse despite opposition. Value of hard work. 11-11-75 2 hr p
Subjects:childbirth death doctors education families hospitals illness nurses nursing women
Locations:Bovill Spokane

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Denevan, Lucille Riddell

Occupation(s):Nurse; homemaker
Residence:Bovill childbirth death doctors education families hospitals illness nurses nursing women

John Diamantis
Interview #1, 7/28/1974

Topics:Greek immigrants. IWW strike victory. Dismantling of Elk River mill. Leaving Elk River. 7-28-74 1 hr
Subjects:Greek Americans IWW drinking gambling immigrants lumberjacks mills strikes
Locations:Elk River Potlatch Spokane

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Diamantis, John

Occupation(s):Sawmiller; logger
Residence:Elk River Greek Americans IWW drinking gambling immigrants lumberjacks mills strikes

Jennie Halverson Driscoll
Interview #1, 2/17/1976

Topics:Parents' struggle to build farm. Mother's death; caring for family as a girl. Enjoyments and neighboring. Genesee. Why parents left Astoria. The thirties. Pioneering of Driscoll Ridge. 2-17-76 1.5 hr 26p
Subjects:African-Americans Great Depression Norwegian-American banks churches dances dances death families farming homemakers homesteads immigrants lumber miscarriage nursing parties politics sewing women
Locations:Genesee Lenville Driscoll Ridge

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Driscoll, Jennie Halverson

Occupation(s):Farm wife
Residence:Genesee, Lenville, Driscoll Ridge African-Americans Great Depression Norwegian-American banks churches dances dances death families farming homemakers homesteads immigrants lumber miscarriage nursing parties politics sewing women

John East
Interview #1, 7/9/1974

Topics:Moonshining. Decline of morality. 7-9-74 .8 hr RM
Subjects:Native Americans Prohibition death moonshine pioneers police officers students wagons women
Locations:Princeton Moscow Oregon

Interviewer: Rob Moore

East, John

Occupation(s):Farmer; moonshiner
Residence:Princeton, Moscow Native Americans Prohibition death moonshine pioneers police officers students wagons women

Mary Grey Edwards
Interview #1, 11/3/1976

Topics:Family and neighbors in childhood. An Indian-white family. Dances Life on the farm and in Genesee. 11-3-76 1.7 hr
Subjects:Native Americans cards childhood clothing dances drinking families farming friendship gardens homemakers homesteads marriage music neighbors schools stores water
Locations:Genesee Moscow Lapwai

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Edwards, Mary

Occupation(s):Homemaker
Residence:Grey Eagle District, Genesee Native Americans cards childhood clothing dances drinking families farming friendship gardens homemakers homesteads marriage music neighbors schools stores water

John Eikum
Interview #1, 12/8/1975

Topics:Division of creek by two Lutheran churches. 1893 wet harvest and depression. Family farm life. Genesee stores and moving of town. World War I experience. Homesteading on Coeur d'Alene reservation. 12-8-75 2.8 hr 44p
Subjects:Jewish Americans Native Americans Norwegian Americans accidents alcohol armed forces businesses children churches dances dating death drinking families farming friendship harvesting homesteads illness immigrants logging railroads sports stores suicide threshing world wars
Locations:Genesee Cow Creek St. Maries

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Eikum, John

Occupation(s):Farmer
Residence:Cow Creek, Genesee Jewish Americans Native Americans Norwegian Americans accidents alcohol armed forces businesses children churches dances dating death drinking families farming friendship harvesting homesteads illness immigrants logging railroads sports stores suicide threshing world wars

Alfred Erickson
Interview #1, 7/26/1974

Topics:With Lena Justice and May LeMarr (sisters) Pioneering on Hog Meadows; father's troubles. Girls' work. Killing a bear. 7-26-74 1 hr LS
Subjects:Native Americans accidents bears children farming guns homesteads livestock pioneers post offices roads rural schools sawmills schools stores women
Locations:Hog Meadows Warren Meadows Potlatch Jansville Helmer

Interviewer: Laura Schrager

Erickson, Alfred

Occupation(s):Railroad worker
Residence:Hog Meadows Native Americans accidents bears children farming guns homesteads livestock pioneers post offices roads rural schools sawmills schools stores women

Willis Estes
Interview #1, 7/9/1974

Topics:Delivering mail in rough conditions. Shoeing and working with horses. Responsibility of the mails. 7-9-74 1.5 hr 32p LS
Subjects:automobiles blacksmith butchering childhood holidays horses mail carriers medicine newspapers post offices reading stores wagons winter
Locations:Viola Genesee

Interviewer: Laura Schrager

Estes, Willis

Occupation(s):Mail carrier; president of Idaho chapter of Rural Letter Carriers Association
Residence:Viola automobiles blacksmith butchering childhood holidays horses mail carriers medicine newspapers post offices reading stores wagons winter

Marie Leitch Fisher
Interview #1, 10/29/1975

Topics:Life of single teacher in the twenties. Bovill social activities Teaching methods and experiences. Town characters. Depression in Bovill. 10-29-75 2.6 hr p
Subjects:teachers normal schools teaching families cards dances churches weddings boardinghouses police officers lore women drinking religion holidays clothing automobiles winter banks CCC hunting Great Depression plays movies morality politics mentally handicapped students marriage University of Idaho education lumberjacks
Locations:Bovill Moscow Lewiston

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Fisher, Marie L.

Occupation(s):Teacher; homemaker
Residence:Bovill teachers normal schools teaching families cards dances churches weddings boardinghouses police officers lore women drinking religion holidays clothing automobiles winter banks CCC hunting Great Depression plays movies morality politics mentally handicapped students marriage University of Idaho education lumberjacks

Dora Otter Fleener
Interview #1, 8/21/1973

Topics:Home life as a girl. Mother's influence on household. Exclusion of women from animal husbandry at university. Fleener family's plains crossing (1852). 8-21-73 1 hr
Subjects:authors childhood children colleges and universities death families homesteads illness literary livestock medicine pioneers rural communities schools
Locations:Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Fleener, Dora Otter

Occupation(s):Farm wife; housekeeper; author of Coming West from South Dakota
Residence:Rural Moscow authors childhood children colleges and universities death families homesteads illness literary livestock medicine pioneers rural communities schools

Dora Otter Fleener
Interview #2, 12/16/1974

Topics:Working out before marriage. Life during threshing season. Father-in-law's homesteading near Moscow (1870's). Controversy over identities of Wild Davey and William Drannan. Home rememdies. 12-16-74 1.5 hr p
Subjects:Native Americans accidents authors automobiles businesses churches families farming harvesting holidays homesteads illness medicine music roads saloons threshing vigilantes winter women writing
Locations:Moscow Colfax

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Fleener, Dora Otter

Occupation(s):Farm wife; housekeeper; author of Coming West from South Dakota
Residence:Rural Moscow Native Americans accidents authors automobiles businesses churches families farming harvesting holidays homesteads illness medicine music roads saloons threshing vigilantes winter women writing

Elmer Flodin
Interview #1, 6/25/1974

Topics:Survival of frontier homesteaders. Support of IWW despite opponents Local strong men. 6-25-74 1 hr p
Subjects:families immigrants railroads homesteads farming Native Americans timber winter sawmills childhood children fishing hunting schools horses dances IWW logging camps unions working conditions fires logging camps lore moonshine Prohibition
Locations:Dry Ridge Moscow Troy Big Bear Ridge Helmer Genesee Bovill

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Flodin, Elmer

Occupation(s):Farmer; logger
Residence:Dry Ridge, Troy families immigrants railroads homesteads farming Native Americans timber winter sawmills childhood children fishing hunting schools horses dances IWW logging camps unions working conditions fires logging camps lore moonshine Prohibition

Elmer Flodin
Interview #2, 1/10/1975

Topics:Destruction of land by fertilizer and logging. Olson family threshing; Wells family. Dry Ridge cemetery. 1-10-75 1 hr
Subjects:African Americans Native Americans cemeteries death farming logging politics threshing timber
Locations:Potlatch Dry Ridge

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Flodin, Elmer

Occupation(s):Farmer; logger
Residence:Dry Ridge, Troy African Americans Native Americans cemeteries death farming logging politics threshing timber

Mahlon Follett
Interview #1, 5/3/1976

Topics:Follett's store. Flourishing and decline of Genesee. Socializing in town. Problems with credit. Genesee banks. Moving of townsite. 5-3-76 2 hr
Subjects:Great Depression Native Americans Prohibition armed forces assassinations automobiles banks businesses churches clothing colleges and universities dances drinking families farming moonshine politics presidents roads rural communities sports stores women world wars
Locations:Genesee Moscow Lewiston Troy

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Follett, Mahlon

Occupation(s):Operated general store
Residence:Genesee Great Depression Native Americans Prohibition armed forces assassinations automobiles banks businesses churches clothing colleges and universities dances drinking families farming moonshine politics presidents roads rural communities sports stores women world wars

Frances Vaughan Fry
Interview #1, 8/3/1976

Topics:Canning and baking; feeding family and guests. Neighborhood sharing and visiting. A lazy family. Local religious life. Mother's farm work, and her own. 8-3-76 2 hr 52p
Subjects:Christians butchering canning and preserving childbirth churches cooking dances death families farming fires food holidays horses illness movies neighbors pack trains parties religion women
Locations:Kendrick Cedar Creek Park

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Fry, Frances V.

Occupation(s):Farm wife; cook for woods crews; doctor's assistant; store clerk
Residence:Cedar Creek, Kendrick Christians butchering canning and preserving childbirth churches cooking dances death families farming fires food holidays horses illness movies neighbors pack trains parties religion women

Frances Vaughan Fry
Interview #2, 2/18/1977

Topics:Her work to make ends meet. Raising children. Neighborhood life, Severe winters. 2-18-77 2 hr 55p
Subjects:Great Depression Native Americans childbirth childhood children chores concentration camps cooking families farming fires food games homemakers horses livestock logging camps moving neighbors newspapers parties winter women working conditions world wars
Locations:Kendrick Cedar Creek

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Fry, Frances V.

Occupation(s):Farm wife; cook for woods crews; doctor's assistant; store clerk
Residence:Cedar Creek, Kendrick Great Depression Native Americans childbirth childhood children chores concentration camps cooking families farming fires food games homemakers horses livestock logging camps moving neighbors newspapers parties winter women working conditions world wars

Daniel (Bert) Gamble
Interview #1, 12/5/1973

Topics:The Poet of the Palouse reading thirty of his poems. 12-5-73 .8 hr RM
Subjects:holidays poets poetry
Locations:Genesee Paradise Ridge

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Gamble, Daniel (Bert)

Occupation(s):Worked for woods products corporation; poet
Residence:Paradise Ridge holidays poets poetry

Gus Gamble
Interview #1, 11/25/1974

Topics:With Lola Clyde (sister) and Bob Clyde (nephew) Stories of Shorty Hill: his brother's lynching; murder on the Twenty-One Ranch. Wild Davey. Homesteading near Elk River (1912) 11-25-74 1.4 hr
Subjects:African Americans death forest fires homesteads livestock lore lynching murders police officers railroads women
Locations:Elk River

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Gamble, Gus

Occupation(s):Farmer
Residence:Genesee, Paradise Ridge African Americans death forest fires homesteads livestock lore lynching murders police officers railroads women

Gus Gamble
Interview #2, 12/18/1974

Topics:More about Shorty Hill. Harvest work as a boy. 12-18-74 1.1 hr
Subjects:lore police officers lynching moonshine farming logging railroads logging camps immigrants drinking accidents death
Locations:Colfax Elk River

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Gamble, Gus

Occupation(s):Farmer
Residence:Genesee, Paradise Ridge lore police officers lynching moonshine farming logging railroads logging camps immigrants drinking accidents death

W. J. Gamble
Interview #1, 12/14/1973

Topics:ction of Potlatch for the lumber mill and townsite. Advantages of company town. Shipping resources on WISM. Relations with other railroads. Working west from Pennsylvania. Problems of logging in Idaho mountains. Decline of Potlatch. 12-14-73 1.5 hr 32p
Subjects:businesses logging mills politics railroads sports timber
Locations:Potlatch

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Gamble, W. J.

Occupation(s):General manager of WISM Railroad for 33 years; lobbyist for North Idaho lumber interests in state legislature
Residence:Potlatch businesses logging mills politics railroads sports timber

W. J. Gamble
Interview #2, 6/6/1975

Topics:Company operation of town of Potlatch. General Managers Deary and Laird. Dealing with the IWW. Company policies during the de pression. Attitudes towards workingmen. Potlatch Japanese. Lobbying experiences. Weyerhaeuser family. 6-6-75 1.9 hr 40p
Subjects:IWW Japanese Americans drinking immigrants legislation logging logging camps lumberjacks management politics railroads schools unions
Locations:Potlatch Deary

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Gamble, W. J.

Occupation(s):General manager of WISM Railroad for 33 years; lobbyist for North Idaho lumber interests in state legislature
Residence:Potlatch IWW Japanese Americans drinking immigrants legislation logging logging camps lumberjacks management politics railroads schools unions

Glen & Agnes Gilder
Interview #1, 5/22/1975

Topics:Meaning of neighboring. Work and play. Hoodoo miners. Old Palouse River road. Father's farming. 5-22-75 1.8 hr 29p
Subjects:dances dating doctors families farming fishing food homesteads land clearing livestock logging mills miners mines parties roads shivarees stores trapping winter women world wars writers
Locations:Harvard Palouse Troy Washington

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Gilder, Glen & Agnes

Occupation(s):Farm wife
Residence:Harvard, Spring Valley dances dating doctors families farming fishing food homesteads land clearing livestock logging mills miners mines parties roads shivarees stores trapping winter women world wars writers

Glen & Agnes Gilder
Interview #3, 6/17/1975

Topics:Farm life versus city life. Tenacity of local people. Farmers' reliance on Potlatch mill. Selling milk in the depression. Mistreatment of Indians. 6-17-75 2 hr 32p
Subjects:Great Depression Native Americans accidents businesses death farmers farming liveries mills orchards poor vigilantes water workers
Locations:Potlatch Spokane Palouse Washington

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Gilder, Glen & Agnes

Occupation(s):Farm wife
Residence:Harvard, Spring Valley Great Depression Native Americans accidents businesses death farmers farming liveries mills orchards poor vigilantes water workers

Glen & Agnes Gilder
Interview #4, 7/29/1975

Topics:With Agnes Gilder (wife), with Richard Gilder (son) Equality of farm families. Rural view of Potlatch. Marrying and raising children. Working-out while farming. Search for a missing man. Huckleberrying. Home remedies. 7_29-75 2.5 hr 49p
Subjects:Great Depression blacksmiths canning childbirth children chores cooking dating families farming food marriage medicine mills neighbors parties shivarees women workers world wars
Locations:Potlatch

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Gilder, Glen & Agnes

Occupation(s):Farm wife
Residence:Harvard, Spring Valley Great Depression blacksmiths canning childbirth children chores cooking dating families farming food marriage medicine mills neighbors parties shivarees women workers world wars

Glen & Agnes Gilder
Interview #5, 12/9/1976

Topics:With Agnes Gilder Struggle to be an independent farmer: part-time farming, loss of farm in the thirties. A new start. First jobs. 12-9-76 1.8 hr 29p
Subjects:Great Depression automobiles banks crops dating debt families farming gambling gyppos horses mills tractors women world wars
Locations:Harvard Troy

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Gilder, Glen & Agnes

Occupation(s):Farm wife
Residence:Harvard, Spring Valley Great Depression automobiles banks crops dating debt families farming gambling gyppos horses mills tractors women world wars

Glen & Agnes Gilder
Interview #6, 6/28/1978

Topics:With Agnes Glenn (wife) Farm self-sufficiency; farming equipment. Juliaetta and Kendrick Dr. Ruffle. School and dances. Tramway. 9-28-75 1.8 hr KP
Subjects:IWW Native Americans bears children colleges and universities construction crops dairies dances families families farming food gambling grange halls holidays horses land clearing log cabins logging camps neighbors schools schools sewing sheep skilled workers sports teamsters timber woodworking working conditions
Locations:Harvard Pullman Potlatch

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Gilder, Glen & Agnes

Occupation(s):Farm wife
Residence:Harvard, Spring Valley IWW Native Americans bears children colleges and universities construction crops dairies dances families families farming food gambling grange halls holidays horses land clearing log cabins logging camps neighbors schools schools sewing sheep skilled workers sports teamsters timber woodworking working conditions

Glen & Agnes Gilder
Interview #7, 8/10/1978

Topics:With Agnes Glenn (wife) Selling cow meat off a wagon in Potlatch. Recollections of the Ridgerunner. Hunting on the Clearwater. Judge Kincaid and a Palouse madame. 9-28-75 1 hr 21p
Subjects:dances horses hunting literary livestock logging lore pack trains rivers thieves wagons women
Locations:Harvard Spring Valley

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Gilder, Glen & Agnes

Occupation(s):Farm wife
Residence:Harvard, Spring Valley dances horses hunting literary livestock logging lore pack trains rivers thieves wagons women

James Gleave
Interview #1, 7/6/1978

Topics:n/a
Subjects:mills timber Great Depression immigrants Greek Americans Italian Americans lumberjacks IWW Prohibition saloons world wars Japanese Americans sports law enforcement logging
Locations:Potlatch Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Gleave, James

Occupation(s):n/a
Residence:Moscow mills timber Great Depression immigrants Greek Americans Italian Americans lumberjacks IWW Prohibition saloons world wars Japanese Americans sports law enforcement logging

Bruce & Agnes Glenn
Interview #1, 6/18/1975

Topics:Farm self-sufficiency; farming equipment. Juliaetta and Kendrick Dr. Ruffle. School and dances. Tramway. 9-28-75, 1.8 hr
Subjects:dances doctors farmers farming schools
Locations:Potlatch Ridge American Ridge Juliaetta

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Glenn, Bruce & Agnes

Occupation(s):Oil deliveryman
Residence:Potlatch Ridge, American Ridge, Juliaetta dances doctors farmers farming schools

Roy & Mabel Glenn
Interview #1, 11/18/1976

Topics:Farm living as youngsters. Boundary disputes. Developing farm as a rentor, Tension with German community during wars. Early Kendrick and Leland. 11-18-76 1.8 hr p
Subjects:IWW blacksmiths carpentry childhood clothing cooking crops death families farming fires food holidays mills murders pack trains poor railroads rattlesnakes sawmills schools stores suicide threshing winter women world wars
Locations:Texas Ridge Kendrick Juliaetta Leland

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Glenn, Roy & Mabel

Occupation(s):Auctioneer; farmer
Residence:Texas Ridge, Potlatch Ridge, Kendrick IWW blacksmiths carpentry childhood clothing cooking crops death families farming fires food holidays mills murders pack trains poor railroads rattlesnakes sawmills schools stores suicide threshing winter women world wars

Abe MacGregor Goff
Interview #1, 11/13/1974

Topics:Prohibition in the county: moonshining, drinking and evangelism. Arson and robbery cases. Teddy Roosevelt's Moscow speech (1911). World War I at university; working through school. Family move west; father's fight against rustlers. Naming of Moscow. 11-13-74 1.8 hr 28p
Subjects:Prohibition University of Idaho WCTU alcohol arson bootlegging businesses churches elections families football harvesting homesteads illness lawyers legislators local histories moonshine orchards pioneers politics presidents sports stores stores trials world wars
Locations:Moscow Colfax Washington Washington, D.C.

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Goff, Abe MacGregor

Occupation(s):Lawyer; state legislator; U.S. Congressman; chairman of Interstate Commerce Commission
Residence:Moscow, Washington, D.C. Prohibition University of Idaho WCTU alcohol arson bootlegging businesses churches elections families football harvesting homesteads illness lawyers legislators local histories moonshine orchards pioneers politics presidents sports stores stores trials world wars

Abe MacGregor Goff
Interview #2, 11/26/1974

Topics:Moscow court cases. Successful enforcement of prohibition. Depression in the county. Serving as legislator and congressman. 11-26-74 1.6 hr 36p
Subjects:Great Depression Native Americans Prohibition armed forces banks lawyers legislators moonshine politics railroads trials wine world wars
Locations:Moscow Boise Potlatch Onaway Washington, D.C.

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Goff, Abe MacGregor

Occupation(s):Lawyer; state legislator; U.S. Congressman; chairman of Interstate Commerce Commission
Residence:Moscow, Washington, D.C. Great Depression Native Americans Prohibition armed forces banks lawyers legislators moonshine politics railroads trials wine world wars

Madeleine Groh Gorman
Interview #1, 8/21/1974

Topics:Father's friendship with Nez Perces.Return to France as a child; mother's adjustment to America. Fires in Bovill and Kendrick. Tent meetings. Home remedies. First World War. Town characters. 8-21-74 2 hr 46p LS
Subjects:Chautauqua Chinese Americans Japanese Americans Native Americans armed forces arson banks businesses children cooking dances families fires hotels illness immigrants knitting languages logging camps lore mines pack trains religion saloons sewing stores women
Locations:Kendrick Bovill

Interviewer: Laura Schrager

Gorman, Madeleine

Occupation(s):Homemaker
Residence:Bovill Chautauqua Chinese Americans Japanese Americans Native Americans armed forces arson banks businesses children cooking dances families fires hotels illness immigrants knitting languages logging camps lore mines pack trains religion saloons sewing stores women

Kate Price Grannis
Interview #1, 2/24/1976

Topics:Homebound life of rural women. Neighboring. Homestead poverty. Work at mica mine. Wells family. An Avon murder. 2-24-76 2.3 hr 45p
Subjects:African Americans IWW butchering cards cemeteries childbirth churches clothing cooking dating death education food funerals gyppos holidays homemakers homesteads illness immigrants log cabins mail carriers midwives mines murders neighbors pioneers post offices railroads roads rural schools schools sewing shivarees threshing winter women
Locations:Avon Deary Spokane

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Grannis, Kate Price

Occupation(s):Homemaker; mica cutter; cook
Residence:Avon African Americans IWW butchering cards cemeteries childbirth churches clothing cooking dating death education food funerals gyppos holidays homemakers homesteads illness immigrants log cabins mail carriers midwives mines murders neighbors pioneers post offices railroads roads rural schools schools sewing shivarees threshing winter women

Edward & Dixie Groseclose
Interview #1, 3/9/1976

Topics:Homesteading in Potlatch Canyon. Goodness of Nez Perces. Flooding of Potlatch River. Railroad work at Arrow Junction. Cedarville settlement. 3-9-76 2 hr 51p
Subjects:families' homesteads orchards winter railroads death accidents rattlesnakes schools Native Americans ferries taxes women alcohol timber logging floods rivers drinking marriage
Locations:Juliaetta Potlatch Creek Lapwai Teakean

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Groseclose, Edward & Dixie

Occupation(s):Farm wife
Residence:Potlatch River, Juliaetta families' homesteads orchards winter railroads death accidents rattlesnakes schools Native Americans ferries taxes women alcohol timber logging floods rivers drinking marriage

Edward & Dixie Groseclose
Interview #2, 6/1/1976

Topics:Family and community traditions from Virginia. Settling of Arrow by Virginia kin and neighbors. Her experiences as a youngster. Religious life. Misuse of blacks and Indians. Disputed strips of reservation land. 6-1-76 3 hr 76p
Subjects:families Native Americans wars pioneers local histories African Americans armed forces Ku Kux Klan discrimination religion friendship slaves churches women moonshine neighbors funerals food holidays homesteads stores death clothing moving
Locations:Potlatch River Juliaetta Virginia

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Groseclose, Edward & Dixie

Occupation(s):Farm wife
Residence:Potlatch River, Juliaetta families Native Americans wars pioneers local histories African Americans armed forces Ku Kux Klan discrimination religion friendship slaves churches women moonshine neighbors funerals food holidays homesteads stores death clothing moving

Edward & Dixie Groseclose
Interview #3, 7/21/1976

Topics:Adversity: house fire, quarantine, making do. Courtship. Her work. Foster and Adams as promoters. Aunt Susan. Hoboes. Southern witches. Religious differences. 7-21-76 3.6 hr 96p
Subjects:Native Americans accidents bootlegging children chores clothing crops croqueting dating death death doctors families fires games gardens ghosts illness immigrants languages literary lore marriage medicine murders parties politics poor presidents railroads schools smoking suicide superstitions trapping women
Locations:Potlatch River Juliaetta Teakean Virginia Agatha

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Groseclose, Edward & Dixie

Occupation(s):Farm wife
Residence:Potlatch River, Juliaetta Native Americans accidents bootlegging children chores clothing crops croqueting dating death death doctors families fires games gardens ghosts illness immigrants languages literary lore marriage medicine murders parties politics poor presidents railroads schools smoking suicide superstitions trapping women

Clara Payne Grove
Interview #1, 2/20/1974

Topics:Editing Troy Weekly News. Local life in the twenties. 2-20-74 1 hr Emily Moore
Subjects:Prohibition University of Idaho WCTU automobiles boardinghouses businesses crops death doctors downtowns farming immigrants local histories log cabins newspapers police officers students suicide water women
Locations:Moscow Troy

Interviewer: Emily Moore

Grove, Clara P.

Occupation(s):Editor; cook; nurse's aid; columnist; leader of Women's Christian Temperance Union
Residence:Moscow, Troy Prohibition University of Idaho WCTU automobiles boardinghouses businesses crops death doctors downtowns farming immigrants local histories log cabins newspapers police officers students suicide water women

Clara Payne Grove
Interview #2, 11/7/1975

Topics:WCTU work: jail visiting, charity, temperance conversions. Editing newspaper despite opposition to businesswomen. Boarding students. Feeding the hungry. A woman's struggle through college. Women's suffrage; early politics. 11-7-75 1.9 hr 38p
Subjects:Native Americans WCTU boardinghouses businesses colleges and universities food gardens immigrants lore moving newspapers pioneers politics poor students winter women
Locations:Moscow Troy

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Grove, Clara P.

Occupation(s):Editor; cook; nurse's aid; columnist; leader of Women's Christian Temperance Union
Residence:Moscow, Troy Native Americans WCTU boardinghouses businesses colleges and universities food gardens immigrants lore moving newspapers pioneers politics poor students winter women

Clara Payne Grove
Interview #3, 11/21/1975

Topics:WCTU crusade: protests in saloons, taking the pledge, Frances Willard. Family ties and self-reliance. Salvation Army selflessness. Caring for sick. Misuse of volunteer work in World War I. Childhood experiences. 11-21-75 1.9 hr 37p
Subjects:Christians Prohibition WCTU alcohol divorce drinking families illness legislation lore politics poor presidents sewing voting women world wars
Locations:Moscow Troy

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Grove, Clara P.

Occupation(s):Editor; cook; nurse's aid; columnist; leader of Women's Christian Temperance Union
Residence:Moscow, Troy Christians Prohibition WCTU alcohol divorce drinking families illness legislation lore politics poor presidents sewing voting women world wars

Clara Payne Grove
Interview #4, 12/16/1975

Topics:Life roles and responsibilities of rural women. Views on child rearing and divorce. Preachers, revivals, and the Sabbath. Teaching and homesteading in Dakotah and Montana. Attending university in her eighties. 12-16-75 2.6 hr 48p
Subjects:women farming homemakers isolation children divorce poor marriage livestock drinking rural schools schools homesteads religion missionaries teachers rural communities pioneers bears winter WCTU speeches University of Idaho education
Locations:Moscow Troy

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Grove, Clara P.

Occupation(s):Editor; cook; nurse's aid; columnist; leader of Women's Christian Temperance Union
Residence:Moscow, Troy women farming homemakers isolation children divorce poor marriage livestock drinking rural schools schools homesteads religion missionaries teachers rural communities pioneers bears winter WCTU speeches University of Idaho education

Clara Payne Grove
Interview #5, 5/11/1976

Topics:The management of marriage. Opposition to divorce. Fundamental values. Working as a woman. Overabundance of wealth in America. 5-11-76 2 hr 38p
Subjects:local histories politics Christians marriage families pregnancy University of Idaho schools students suicide churches divorce women morality homemakers businesses newspapers drinking
Locations:Moscow Troy

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Grove, Clara P.

Occupation(s):Editor; cook; nurse's aid; columnist; leader of Women's Christian Temperance Union
Residence:Moscow, Troy local histories politics Christians marriage families pregnancy University of Idaho schools students suicide churches divorce women morality homemakers businesses newspapers drinking

Crystal Ottosen Gruell
Interview #1, 7/21/1976

Topics:With Cecil Gruell (husband) Working at Juliaetta cannery. Local cherry industry. Teacher training and experience. Town church and social life; rivalry with Kendrick. Hard times. 7-21-76 2 hr
Subjects:moonshine lore police officers accidents Great Depression women automobiles winter winter orchards bootlegging canneries homemakers quilting working conditions food fires stores Native Americans holidays Chautauqua churches religion children cards art teachers teaching normal schools dating fighting rural communities sports schools moonshine
Locations:Juliaetta Kendrick Lewiston

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Gruell, Crystal Ottosen

Occupation(s):Teacher; homemaker
Residence:Juliaetta moonshine lore police officers accidents Great Depression women automobiles winter winter orchards bootlegging canneries homemakers quilting working conditions food fires stores Native Americans holidays Chautauqua churches religion children cards art teachers teaching normal schools dating fighting rural communities sports schools moonshine

Viola Sheldon Guernsey
Interview #1, 4/27/1976

Topics:With Getha Guptill (friend) Family's search for a new home. Attending Ursuline Academy. Teaching experience/Church activities; Reverend Dick Ferrell. Loss of store in the depression. Onaway. 4-27-76 1.8 hr
Subjects:boardinghouses churches construction cooking death doctors families farming food holidays music picnics railroads schools stores teaching weddings women
Locations:Princeton Onaway Oregon Moscow Gold Hill Washington

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Guernsey, Viola Sheldon

Occupation(s):Homemaker; grocery store operator
Residence:Princeton, Onaway boardinghouses churches construction cooking death doctors families farming food holidays music picnics railroads schools stores teaching weddings women

Leo Guilfoy
Interview #1, 12/10/1973

Topics:others. Bear stories. Experiences as scoutmaster. Bovill electric plant and movie house. Cedar pole work. 12-10-73 1.5 hr 42p
Subjects:alcohol bears bootlegging electricity families jails logging logging camps lore lumberjacks movies police officers railroads timber
Locations:Bovill

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Guilfoy, Leo

Occupation(s):Scaler and treating plant operator at cedar pole yard
Residence:Bovill alcohol bears bootlegging electricity families jails logging logging camps lore lumberjacks movies police officers railroads timber

Leo Guilfoy
Interview #2, 7/3/1974

Topics:Origins of Lumberjack nicknames. IWW radicalism and blackballing. Refusing to join Four-L's. Spokane employment offices. Dick Ferrell; Axel Anderson. 7-3-74 1.5 hr 37p
Subjects:IWW churches cooking drinking fighting fires immigrants logging logging camps lore lumberjacks railroads unions working conditions
Locations:Bovill

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Guilfoy, Leo

Occupation(s):Scaler and treating plant operator at cedar pole yard
Residence:Bovill IWW churches cooking drinking fighting fires immigrants logging logging camps lore lumberjacks railroads unions working conditions

Clay Gustin
Interview #1, 7/25/1973

Topics:Work on Park sleigh-haul and McGary Butte fire. Good ecology of early logging methods. 7-25-73 1 hr
Subjects:IWW accidents alcohol childhood colleges and universities death fires forest fires horses immigrants logging murders railroads schools students unions
Locations:Clarkia Princeton Moscow McGary Butte Deary Park Potlatch

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Gustin, Clay

Occupation(s):Logger
Residence:Helmer, Moscow Mountain IWW accidents alcohol childhood colleges and universities death fires forest fires horses immigrants logging murders railroads schools students unions

Alben Halen
Interview #1, 2/9/1976

Topics:Farming with horses. Hard times for farmers. Logging for Potlatch, Farmer opposition to IWW. 2-9-76 1.5 hr
Subjects:IWW bankruptcy bankruptcy childhood families farming homesteads horses livestock logging logging camps lumberjacks strikes timber timber working conditions world wars
Locations:Deary Potlatch Big Bear Ridge

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Halen, Alben

Occupation(s):Farmer; logger
Residence:Big Bear Ridge, Deary IWW bankruptcy bankruptcy childhood families farming homesteads horses livestock logging logging camps lumberjacks strikes timber timber working conditions world wars

Alben Halen
Interview #2, 2/20/1976

Topics:Working out as a boy. Fires and early growth of Deary. Joe Wells' logging operation. Piling lumber. Grave digging. 2-20-76 1.5 hr
Subjects:African Americans accidents blacksmiths cemeteries childhood doctors farmers forest fires gyppos horses logging lore lumberjacks orchards post offices saloons sawmills smoking stores threshing water winter women
Locations:Deary Big Bear Ridge Nora Creek Dry Creek Bovill

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Halen, Alben

Occupation(s):Farmer; logger
Residence:Big Bear Ridge, Deary African Americans accidents blacksmiths cemeteries childhood doctors farmers forest fires gyppos horses logging lore lumberjacks orchards post offices saloons sawmills smoking stores threshing water winter women

Edward Halseth
Interview #1, 12/20/1974

Topics:Homesteading and local happenings. Frontier hardships in Montana. 12-20-74 1 hr
Subjects:IWW accidents bears brothels churches death drinking farming farms fights food holidays homesteads illness immigrants lore miners mines mining murders saloons sawmills schools stores voting winter women
Locations:Jansville Big Bear Ridge Anderson Hog Meadows Genesee Montana

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Halseth, Edward

Occupation(s):Farmer
Residence:Big Bear Ridge, Jansville IWW accidents bears brothels churches death drinking farming farms fights food holidays homesteads illness immigrants lore miners mines mining murders saloons sawmills schools stores voting winter women

Elvon Hampton
Interview #1, 5/3/1976

Topics:Father's management of Genesee's largest farm operation. Rotation of crops and livestock. Hired hands. Rural isolation; chatauquas. Choice of farming career. 5-3-76 1.8 hr p
Subjects:IWW University of Idaho butchering childhood crops dances farmers farming horses livestock mules music rodeos schools sheep stores threshing women
Locations:Genesee Moscow Grey Eagle District

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Hampton, Elvon

Occupation(s):Farmer
Residence:Grey Eagle District, Genesee IWW University of Idaho butchering childhood crops dances farmers farming horses livestock mules music rodeos schools sheep stores threshing women

Nellie Tomer Handlin
Interview #1, 12/17/1973

Topics:Tomers' pioneering. Relations with Nez Perces. Selection of Moscow Cemetery site. School and reading as a girl. 12-17-73 1 hr LS
Subjects:Chinese Americans Native Americans cemeteries death education families farmers farming gambling homesteads horses newspapers railroads schools stores water winter women world wars
Locations:Moscow

Interviewer: Laura Schrager

Handlin, Nellie Tomer

Occupation(s):Homemaker; cashier
Residence:Moscow Chinese Americans Native Americans cemeteries death education families farmers farming gambling homesteads horses newspapers railroads schools stores water winter women world wars

Verna Palmer Hardt
Interview #1, 6/19/1975

Topics:Family adventures, migration and settling. Viola events. Cattle herding experiences. Indians. Chinese miners. (Tape recorded by Mrs Hardt for her brother, Glen Palmer, who was the donor.) no date 2 hr 49p
Subjects:CCC accidents armed forces bears businesses clothing death families fires fishing food holidays homesteads horses livestock lore mining music post offices reading sawmills schools telephones wagons winter women
Locations:Hatter Creek Elk River California Colfax Oregon Washington Canada

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Hardt, Verna Palmer

Occupation(s):Homemaker
Residence:Viola CCC accidents armed forces bears businesses clothing death families fires fishing food holidays homesteads horses livestock lore mining music post offices reading sawmills schools telephones wagons winter women

Mabel Oliver Hazeltine
Interview #1, 6/3/1974

Topics:Social life: games, dances, revivals. Chores and staples. Move to Canada. Childbirth. 6-3-74 .8 hr 20p LS
Subjects:childbirth childhood chores churches clothing dances drinking education farming food forest fires games music neighbors pregnancy railroads religion schools teachers winter women
Locations:Moscow Canada Viola

Interviewer: Laura Schrager

Hazeltine, Mabel Oliver

Occupation(s):Farm wife
Residence:Fourmile Creek, Viola childbirth childhood chores churches clothing dances drinking education farming food forest fires games music neighbors pregnancy railroads religion schools teachers winter women

Beulah Dollar Herrmann
Interview #1, 11/9/1976

Topics:Frank B. Robinson's integrity and his relations in Moscow, Working for Psychianna. 11-9-76 1 hr
Subjects:women Psychiana doctors religion automobiles marriage students clerical workers
Locations:Moscow Troy

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Hermann, Beulah

Occupation(s):Clerk for Psychianna
Residence:Moscow, Troy women Psychiana doctors religion automobiles marriage students clerical workers

Frank Herzog
Interview #2, 7/18/1975

Topics:Trapping bear, coyotes and mink. Changing population of game animals. Lumberjack life: risks, fighting, drinking. Family's work Corporate control of country. 7-18-75 2 hr
Subjects:trapping bears families accidents farming logging camps fighting saloons police officers wine African Americans death funerals illness roads fishing businesses
Locations:Harvard Clarkia Washington Deary

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Herzog, Frank

Occupation(s):Logger; farmer; trapper
Residence:Harvard trapping bears families accidents farming logging camps fighting saloons police officers wine African Americans death funerals illness roads fishing businesses

William (Dave) Hickman
Interview #1 (w/ cousins Tom and Kenneth Platt), 12/3/1974

Topics:With William Hickman (cousin), Kenneth Piatt (brother) Introduction of purebred Herefords by Piatt brothers (1896). Livestock operation at Genesee and Salmon Rivers; hardship in winter of 1919. Salmon homesteading. Settlement of Genesee area. Horse show and rodeo. Livery business. 12-3-74 2.5 hr p
Subjects:Great Depression IWW Native Americans businesses families farming fires homesteads horses liveries livestock moonshine railroads religion rodeos winter world wars
Locations:Genesee Salmon River

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Platt, Tom

Occupation(s):Livestock operator
Residence:Genesee, Salmon River Great Depression IWW Native Americans businesses families farming fires homesteads horses liveries livestock moonshine railroads religion rodeos winter world wars

Joseph Holland
Interview #1, 7/25/1974

Topics:Bovill's way of life. Experiences as depot agent and judge. Relief in the depression. Lumberjacks and extra gangs. Pat Malone. Leo Guilfoy's humor. 7-25-74 2 hr 41p
Subjects:winter horses lumberjacks railroads Great Depression CCC gardens stores police officers children funerals alcohol bootlegging drinking Prohibition saloons sports death childbirth doctors accidents sheep Basque lore
Locations:Bovill Elk River Clarkia Washington Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Holland, Joseph

Occupation(s):Depot agent at Bovill (1925-66); school board chairman; mayor; justice of the peace
Residence:Bovill winter horses lumberjacks railroads Great Depression CCC gardens stores police officers children funerals alcohol bootlegging drinking Prohibition saloons sports death childbirth doctors accidents sheep Basque lore

Joseph Holland
Interview #2, 8/23/1974

Topics:Railroad work and anecdotes. Local attitudes toward Potlatch Lumber Company. Conflict over school consolidation; problems of running town. CCC's. The depot clock. 8-23-74 2.6 hr 47p
Subjects:African Americans CCC Great Depression automobiles boardinghouses doctors logging lore lumberjacks politics presidents railroads roads schools sports taxes winter workers working conditions world wars
Locations:Bovill Moscow Potlatch

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Holland, Joseph

Occupation(s):Depot agent at Bovill (1925-66); school board chairman; mayor; justice of the peace
Residence:Bovill African Americans CCC Great Depression automobiles boardinghouses doctors logging lore lumberjacks politics presidents railroads roads schools sports taxes winter workers working conditions world wars

Palma Hanson Hove
Interview #1, 6/13/1975

Topics:Cook wagon at harvesttime. Family farm life. Division of Cow Creek by two Lutheran churches. Young people's socializing. Early Genesee. 6-13-75 2 hr 48p
Subjects:immigrants families homesteads children childhood moving women threshing dating farming churches dances schools marriages shivarees newspapers politics CCC music
Locations:Troy Cow Creek

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Hove, Palma Hanson

Occupation(s):Farm wife; harvest cook
Residence:Cow Creek, Genesee immigrants families homesteads children childhood moving women threshing dating farming churches dances schools marriages shivarees newspapers politics CCC music

Florence Hupp Ingle
Interview #1, 8/22/1973

Topics:Relations among settlers. J.P.Vollmer's bad loan practices. Early communities.. 8-22-73 1 hr 21p RM
Subjects:railroads immigrants families orchards lore churches alcohol banks Swedish Americans drinking schools death accidents women saloons roads pioneers medicine
Locations:Big Bear Ridge Little Bear Ridge Kendrick Troy

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Ingle, Florence Hupp

Occupation(s):Teacher; farm wife
Residence:Big Bear Ridge, Little Bear Ridge, Kendrick railroads immigrants families orchards lore churches alcohol banks Swedish Americans drinking schools death accidents women saloons roads pioneers medicine

Gerald Ingle
Interview #1, 10/7/1976

Topics:County school consolidation. Community life on the ridge. Father and grandfather. Depression and bank closure. Growing up; attending the university. Attitudes as a public official. 10-7-76 2.7 hr p
Subjects:African Americans Great Depression IWW University of Idaho banks chores churches cooperatives dances drinking education families farmers farming fires fraternities games grange halls holidays homemakers homesteads neighbors politics schools sports threshing winter world wars
Locations:Big Bear Ridge Little Bear Ridge Moscow Juliaetta Kendrick Viola

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Ingle, Gerald

Occupation(s):County commissioner for 20 years; farmer
Residence:Big Bear Ridge, Kendrick African Americans Great Depression IWW University of Idaho banks chores churches cooperatives dances drinking education families farmers farming fires fraternities games grange halls holidays homemakers homesteads neighbors politics schools sports threshing winter world wars

Alice Henry Jackson
Interview #1, 2/5/1974

Topics:Nez Perce way of life. Nez Perce Christian hymns. 2-5-74 .7 hr 16p RM
Subjects:Native Americans clothing customs dances families fishing music religion
Locations:Lapwai

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Jackson, Alice Henry

Occupation(s):Farm wife
Residence:Lapwai Native Americans clothing customs dances families fishing music religion

Charles Jelleberg
Interview #1, 8/8/1973

Topics:With Carl Lancaster (friend) Handling teams; balky horses. Logging accidents and narrow escapes. Foremen; incompetent partners. Abortive IWW strike of 1936. Pay and production. Closeness of homesteaders. 8-8-73 2 hr 72p
Subjects:IWW accidents foremen homesteads horses logging lumberjacks strikes
Locations:Park

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Jelleberg, Charles

Occupation(s):Horse teamster; sawmiller
Residence:Park IWW accidents foremen homesteads horses logging lumberjacks strikes

Nellie Johanson
Interview #1, 6/22/1978

Topics:n/a
Subjects:mills timber crops immigrants lumberjacks Swedish Americans railroads orchards churches farming homesteads Norwegian Americans horses lumber Native Americans hospitals schools
Locations:Troy Moscow Bovill Nora Creek

Interviewer: Rachel Foxwell

Johanson, Nellie

Occupation(s):n/a
Residence:n/a mills timber crops immigrants lumberjacks Swedish Americans railroads orchards churches farming homesteads Norwegian Americans horses lumber Native Americans hospitals schools

Clarence Johnson
Interview #1, 2/8/1974

Topics:1893 depression; J.P. Vollmer. Early Troy. 2-8-74 .3 hr RM
Subjects:Swedish Americans death homesteads immigrants liveries mining railroads
Locations:Troy Vollmer

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Johnson, Clarence

Occupation(s):Farmer
Residence:Burnt Ridge, Troy Swedish Americans death homesteads immigrants liveries mining railroads

Delia Beardsley Johnson
Interview #1, 12/13/1973

Topics:Driving horses from California as a girl. Women's farm life. Attending the university. Dressmaking. 12-13-73 1 hr 21p RM
Subjects:wagons horses automobiles accidents families cooking ferries rivers nurses women pioneers moving colleges and universities University of Idaho fires sewing farming gardens Grange shivarees homemakers threshing stores Prohibition
Locations:Moscow Oregon

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Johnson, Delia Beardsley

Occupation(s):Farm wife; dressmaker
Residence:Rural Moscow, Moscow wagons horses automobiles accidents families cooking ferries rivers nurses women pioneers moving colleges and universities University of Idaho fires sewing farming gardens Grange shivarees homemakers threshing stores Prohibition

Hattie Wilken Johnson
Interview #1, 8/4/1976

Topics:Family work and neighboring. Anti-German wartime sentiment. German Lutheran Church and language. Feeding threshing crews. Work at Portland's Multnomah Hotel. 8-4-76 2.5 hr p
Subjects:German Americans Prohibition accidents bees childhood chores churches cooling customs dances death families farming flags food games hotels illness knitting languages livestock maids medicine newspapers parties religion roads schools wine women world wars
Locations:Kendrick Cameron Leland Walla Walla Washington Oregon

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Johnson, Hattie Wilken

Occupation(s):Farm wife; hotel and house maid
Residence:Cameron German Americans Prohibition accidents bees childhood chores churches cooling customs dances death families farming flags food games hotels illness knitting languages livestock maids medicine newspapers parties religion roads schools wine women world wars

Oscar Johnson
Interview #1, 10/1/1976

Topics:Work for firebrick company. Early Troy. Father's life 10-1-76 .7 hr
Subjects:Great Depression banks childbirth death families farming foremen immigrants schools
Locations:Troy

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Johnson, Oscar

Occupation(s):Worked at firebrick plant for forty years
Residence:Troy Great Depression banks childbirth death families farming foremen immigrants schools

Walter Johnson
Interview #1, 1/16/1974

Topics:Killing of Dr. Watkins. David's Store. 1-16-74 .5 hr RM
Subjects:crafts death doctors horses murders stores
Locations:Moscow

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Johnson, Walter

Occupation(s):Accountant
Residence:Moscow crafts death doctors horses murders stores

Agnes Healy Jones
Interview #1, 8/31/1973

Topics:Family pioneering. Settlement of Thorn Creek. Fear of Indians. Early farming and threshing; 1893 wet harvest. 8-31-73 1.8 hr 63p RM
Subjects:Native Americans businesses canning and preserving childhood churches construction cooking dances families farming farms fighting fires fishing food harvesting homesteads horses hotels livestock lore mail carriers medicine mission churches music pioneers politics railroads sawmills schools threshing timber wars
Locations:Thorn Creek Genesee Moscow

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Jones, Agnes Healy

Occupation(s):Farm wife; waitress
Residence:Thorn Creek, Genesee Native Americans businesses canning and preserving childhood churches construction cooking dances families farming farms fighting fires fishing food harvesting homesteads horses hotels livestock lore mail carriers medicine mission churches music pioneers politics railroads sawmills schools threshing timber wars

Agnes Healy Jones
Interview #2, 5/6/1976

Topics:Raising geese. Father Cataldo. Rosenstein's kindness; Vollmer's foreclosures. Genesee. 5-6-76 1 hr 27p
Subjects:Native Americans businesses childhood chores churches clothing families farming food homesteads mission churches railroads religion restaurants
Locations:Genesee Spokane

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Jones, Agnes Healy

Occupation(s):Farm wife; waitress
Residence:Thorn Creek, Genesee Native Americans businesses childhood chores churches clothing families farming food homesteads mission churches railroads religion restaurants

Agnes Healy Jones
Interview #3, 5/19/1976

Topics:Growing up on the farm. 5-19-76 .3 hr 9p
Subjects:childhood chores clothing families farming marriage restaurants
Locations:Genesee Spokane

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Jones, Agnes Healy

Occupation(s):Farm wife; waitress
Residence:Thorn Creek, Genesee childhood chores clothing families farming marriage restaurants

Albert Justice
Interview #1, 8/23/1976

Topics:Running logging camp kitchens. Quality of food; art of camp cooking. Problems with cleanliness and help. IWW winning of decent conditions. Gyppo cooking and conflict with union. Bovill restaurant in wartime. 8-23-74 3 hr 73p
Subjects:IWW bears childhood cooking drinking families food gyppos holidays logging camps lumberjacks restaurants strikes unions women working conditions world wars
Locations:Bovill

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Justice, Albert

Occupation(s):Head cook in lumbercamps between the two world wars
Residence:Bovill area IWW bears childhood cooking drinking families food gyppos holidays logging camps lumberjacks restaurants strikes unions women working conditions world wars

Lena (Molly) Erickson Justice
Interview #1, 8/20/1974

Topics:Work of flunkeys. Attitudes towards women in the camps; good and bad horses. Family homesteading struggle. 8-20-74 .8 hr LS
Subjects:cooking flunkeying food gardens logging camps lumberjacks mess halls railroads schools winter women workers world wars
Locations:Bovill Deary Kendrick

Interviewer: Laura Schrager

Justice, Lena (Molly) Erickson

Occupation(s):Logging camp flunkey; homemaker
Residence:Hog Meadows, Bovill cooking flunkeying food gardens logging camps lumberjacks mess halls railroads schools winter women workers world wars

Lena (Molly) Erickson Justice
Interview #2, 8/23/1974

Topics:With May LeMarr (sister) Flunkeying and logging camp practices. Isolation and home life. Selling huckleberries. 8-23-74 1 hr LS
Subjects:Native Americans cooking flunkeying food languages logging camps mess halls newspapers religion schools world wars
Locations:Bovill Deary

Interviewer: Laura Schrager

Justice, Lena (Molly) Erickson

Occupation(s):Logging camp flunkey; homemaker
Residence:Hog Meadows, Bovill Native Americans cooking flunkeying food languages logging camps mess halls newspapers religion schools world wars

William Kauder
Interview #1, 2/13/1974

Topics:1893 depression. Getting settled; help from neighbors. Political views of 1890's. Entertainment. Land clearing. Kendrick. 2-13-74 1 hr 16p RM
Subjects:Native Americans bears churches dances farming fires food holidays homesteads hotels literary moving parties politics presidents wagons winter
Locations:Southwick Kendrick Gold Hill

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Kauder, William

Occupation(s):Farmer
Residence:Cedar Creek, Southwick Native Americans bears churches dances farming fires food holidays homesteads hotels literary moving parties politics presidents wagons winter

William Kauder
Interview #2, 5/3/1974

Topics:Developing the homestead. Pioneering ways. Available work. 5-3-74 1 hr 14p RM
Subjects:assassinations churches death families farming harvesting homesteads immigrants murders music presidents railroads sawmills timber trials
Locations:Southwick Cedar Creek Kendrick

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Kauder, William

Occupation(s):Farmer
Residence:Cedar Creek, Southwick assassinations churches death families farming harvesting homesteads immigrants murders music presidents railroads sawmills timber trials

William Kauder
Interview #3, 6/1/1974

Topics:Struggles of homesteading. Opening reservation to homesteading. Coming west. 6-74 .7 hr p RM
Subjects:Native Americans families farming games gardens homesteads log cabins parties railroads schools threshing winter
Locations:Cedar Ridge Lewiston Southwick

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Kauder, William

Occupation(s):Farmer
Residence:Cedar Creek, Southwick Native Americans families farming games gardens homesteads log cabins parties railroads schools threshing winter

Ruth Anderson Kellberg
Interview #1, 6/13/1974

Topics:Pioneer hardships. Religious traditions. 6-13-74 .5 hr LS
Subjects:Swedish Americans churches families farming games holidays music schools stores telephones
Locations:Moscow Burnt Ridge

Interviewer: Laura Schrager

Kellberg, Ruth Anderson

Occupation(s):Farm wife
Residence:Burnt Ridge, Troy Swedish Americans churches families farming games holidays music schools stores telephones

Edward Kent
Interview #1, 8/10/1976

Topics:With Andrew Cox (half-brother) Farming on American Ridge. Early impressions of Idaho. Cowboy work, Nez Perces on the Potlatch. Juliaetta. Preaching and schools. 8-10-76 1.3 hr
Subjects:CCC Canadians Native Americans churches dances drinking farming horses immigrants moonshine religion schools winter
Locations:American Ridge Juliaetta Kendrick Helmer

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Kent, Edward

Occupation(s):Farmer; cowboy
Residence:American Ridge, Juliaetta CCC Canadians Native Americans churches dances drinking farming horses immigrants moonshine religion schools winter

May & Carl Lancaster
Interview #1, 11/21/1973

Topics:Old logging terms. Tangling with a crazy man. Tricks and jokes 11-21-73 .5 hr
Subjects:automobiles families fights lumber railroads thieves winter
Locations:Helmer Harvard Princeton

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Lancaster, May & Carl

Occupation(s):Logger; woods blacksmith and maintenance man
Residence:Helmer, Harvard automobiles families fights lumber railroads thieves winter

Floyd & Nola Lawrence
Interview #1, 1/21/1976

Topics:Jansville store on the Lawrence homestead. Beginning of Helmer. Operating a popular dancehall. Timber homesteaders. Gyppo logging for Potlatch. Joe and Lou Wells. 1-21-76 2.4 hr
Subjects:African-Americans automobiles businesses dances gyppos holidays homesteads horses livestock logging camps lore murders music music saloons schools teachers women
Locations:Troy Helmer Jansville McGary Butte

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Lawrence, Floyd & Nola

Occupation(s):Logger; operator of dance pavilion
Residence:Jansville, Helmer African-Americans automobiles businesses dances gyppos holidays homesteads horses livestock logging camps lore murders music music saloons schools teachers women

Floyd & Nola Lawrence
Interview #2, 1/27/1976

Topics:With Carl Lancaster (brother-in-law) and Laura May Lancaster (sister-in-law) Neighborliness and poverty of homesteaders. Local inventors. Cattle on open range. Working when young. Malker Anderson. 1-27-76 2.2 hr P
Subjects:accidents childbirth childhood children chores churches clothing dances drinking farming homesteads illness logging camps lumberjacks sewing suicide timber winter women
Locations:Jansville Helmer McGary Butte Texas Ridge Deary Central Ridge Juliaetta

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Lawrence, Floyd & Nola

Occupation(s):Logger; operator of dance pavilion
Residence:Jansville, Helmer accidents childbirth childhood children chores churches clothing dances drinking farming homesteads illness logging camps lumberjacks sewing suicide timber winter women

Ruth Leland
Interview #1, 5/25/1976

Topics:Local church history and revivals. Children's Day. Nez Perce Christianity. Discrimination against Nez Perces. Alexander's Store Foster School of Healing. 5-25-76 1.5 hr 21p
Subjects:Christian Jewish Americans Native Americans children churches discrimination doctors festivals medicine religion stores world wars
Locations:Juliaetta Kendrick

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Leland, Ruth

Occupation(s):Store clerk; minister of United Brethern Church
Residence:Juliaetta Christian Jewish Americans Native Americans children churches discrimination doctors festivals medicine religion stores world wars

May Erickson Lemarr
Interview #2 (w/ sister Lena Justice), 8/23/1974

Topics:With May LeMarr (sister) Flunkeying and logging camp practices. Isolation and home life. Selling huckleberries. 8-23-74 1 hr LS
Subjects:Native Americans cooking flunkeying food languages logging camps mess halls newspapers religion schools world wars
Locations:Bovill Deary

Interviewer: Laura Schrager

Justice, Lena (Molly) Erickson

Occupation(s):Logging camp flunkey; homemaker
Residence:Hog Meadows, Bovill Native Americans cooking flunkeying food languages logging camps mess halls newspapers religion schools world wars

George Lepard
Interview #1, 2/14/1974

Topics:Potlatch town and mill. Father's medical practice. (Interview donated by his son, George Lepard.) 2-14-74 .8 hr Sandie Gittel
Subjects:churches colleges and universities doctors education families lore marriages railroads sawmills schools
Locations:Potlatch Onaway Princeton

Interviewer: Sandie Gittel

Lepard, George

Occupation(s):Grocer
Residence:Potlatch churches colleges and universities doctors education families lore marriages railroads sawmills schools

Mi & Marie Lee Lew
Interview #1, 11/20/1975

Topics:Reasons Chinese came to America. Their fathers' early American experiences. Growing up in Walla Walla. Cooperative truck gardening. Herb doctoring in Spokane. Family structure. Subsistence farming in China. 11-20-75 1.6 hr 44p
Subjects:Chinese Americans businesses customs doctors families farming gambling gardens holidays housekeeping immigrants mines parties railroads schools women
Locations:China Walla Walla Spokane Washington

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Lew, Mi & Marie Lee

Occupation(s):Restaurateur
Residence:Moscow Chinese Americansbusinessescustomsdoctorsfamiliesfarminggamblinggardensholidayshousekeepingimmigrantsminespartiesrailroadsschoolswomen

Mi & Marie Lee Lew
Interview #2, 12/10/1975

Topics:Role of Christianity in adapting to America. Loans and debts. Running Moscow cafe in the depression. Return to China in 1929. Spokane Chinese community. Tongs. 12-10-75 1.5 hr 39p
Subjects:Chinese Americans Christianity Great Depression businesses churches colleges and universities customs death divorce doctors families finances friendship illness immigrants languages marriage poor religion schools stores working conditions
Locations:to be filled

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Lew, Mi & Marie Lee

Occupation(s):Restaurateur
Residence:Moscow Chinese AmericansChristianityGreat Depressionbusinesseschurchescolleges and universitiescustomsdeathdivorcedoctorsfamiliesfinancesfriendshipillnessimmigrantslanguagesmarriagepoorreligionschoolsstoresworking conditions

Mi & Marie Lee Lew
Interview #3, 1/20/1976

Topics:Separation of families. Her immigration to America. Chinese community building in Walla Walla. Social controls within community. Life of truck gardeners. 1-20-76 1.9 hr 54p
Subjects:Chinese Americans Christians customs elderly families farming finances gardens immigrants marriage religion schools stores women world wars
Locations:Moscow Walla Walla Portland Seattle

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Lew, Mi & Marie Lee

Occupation(s):Restaurateur
Residence:Moscow Chinese AmericansChristianscustomselderlyfamiliesfarmingfinancesgardensimmigrantsmarriagereligionschoolsstoreswomenworld wars

Mi & Marie Lee Lew
Interview #4, 10/7/1976

Topics:Discrimination in the twenties. Universities' social activities for Asians in Moscow and Pullman. Restaurant work. Fate of people returning to China. Youth in Walla Walla. 10-7-76 2 hr 57p
Subjects:African Americans Chinese Americans Christians Great Depression businesses children churches citizenship clubs colleges and universities discrimination doctors education families fighting finances food friendship home economics immigrants marriage prostitutes religion restaurants schools students teaching weddings women world wars
Locations:Moscow Walla Walla

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Lew, Mi & Marie Lee

Occupation(s):Restaurateur
Residence:Moscow African AmericansChinese AmericansChristiansGreat Depressionbusinesseschildrenchurchescitizenshipclubscolleges and universitiesdiscriminationdoctorseducationfamiliesfightingfinancesfoodfriendshiphome economicsimmigrantsmarriageprostitutesreligionrestaurantsschoolsstudentsteachingweddingswomenworld wars

F. Marvin Long
Interview #1, 7/3/1973

Topics:Running general store. Family livestock business. Father's freighting. Junk business. 7-3-73 1 hr 28p RM
Subjects:businesses wagons mercantile automobiles Great Depression stores dances saloons working conditions politics freighting crops farming women music world wars homesteads
Locations:Kendrick Cedar Creek Arrow

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Long, F. Marvin

Occupation(s):Operator of mercantile store
Residence:Kendrick, Cedar Creek, Leland businesses wagons mercantile automobiles Great Depression stores dances saloons working conditions politics freighting crops farming women music world wars homesteads

F. Marvin Long
Interview #2, 7/10/1973

Topics:Kendrick fire (1904). Tramway and brick factory. Ice cutting. 7-10-73 .5 hr RM
Subjects:bricks fires moving stores winter
Locations:Kendrick Leland

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Long, F. Marvin

Occupation(s):Operator of mercantile store
Residence:Kendrick, Cedar Creek, Leland bricks fires moving stores winter

F. Marvin Long
Interview #3, 2/27/1976

Topics:Leland as a thriving town. Failure of family fruit ranch. Starting business in Kendrick. Early Kendrick; Gene Chinaman. 2-27-76 1 hr Lee Magnuson
Subjects:factories fires moving stores winter
Locations:Kendrick Leland

Interviewer: Lee Magnuson

Long, F. Marvin

Occupation(s):Operator of mercantile store
Residence:Kendrick, Cedar Creek, Leland factories fires moving stores winter

Martha Lowery Long
Interview #1, 10/25/1976

Topics:Youth on a drought-stricken homestead. Family holiday customs. Mother's character. Family move to Pullman. Attending Washington State College. 10-25-76 2 hr 61p
Subjects:boardinghouses cards childhood chores churches clothing colleges and universities cooking customs dances education families food games gardens holidays homesteads illness immigrants isolation languages moving music orchards reading religion roads teachers threshing water women
Locations:Pullman Culdesac Washington Kendrick

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Long, Martha Lowery

Occupation(s):Extension specialist for Chelan County and Washington state; homemaker; teacher
Residence:Kendrick, eastern Washington boardinghouses cards childhood chores churches clothing colleges and universities cooking customs dances education families food games gardens holidays homesteads illness immigrants isolation languages moving music orchards reading religion roads teachers threshing water women

Martha Lowery Long
Interview #2, 11/18/1976

Topics:With Marvin Long (husband) Work as home extension agent in the depression. Conditions of Chelan County people in the depression. Work as state clothing specialist. Teaching at Culdesac; other jobs. The Long house. Kendrick's hobo. Long mercantile store. 11-18-76 3 hr 85p
Subjects:Ku Kux Klan authors automobiles boardinghouses businesses butchering canning and preserving churches clothing clubs colleges and universities cooking crafts death education families home economics homemakers lore mansions marriage newspapers orchards rural communities schools sewing stores teachers teaching winter women world wars
Locations:Pullman Culdesac Washington Kendrick

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Long, Martha Lowery

Occupation(s):Extension specialist for Chelan County and Washington state; homemaker; teacher
Residence:Kendrick, eastern Washington Ku Kux Klan authors automobiles boardinghouses businesses butchering canning and preserving churches clothing clubs colleges and universities cooking crafts death education families home economics homemakers lore mansions marriage newspapers orchards rural communities schools sewing stores teachers teaching winter women world wars

Pauline (Pearl) Maclied
Interview #1, 5/1/1978

Topics:with Florence Melder Lange Encouraged by D. Gritman. 05-01-1978 hr 73 p
Subjects:abortion burials childbirth doctors education food hospitals illness lore medicine nurses pregnancy uniforms women
Locations:Moscow Colfax

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Maclied, Pauline (Pearl)

Occupation(s):n/a
Residence:n/a abortion burials childbirth doctors education food hospitals illness lore medicine nurses pregnancy uniforms women

Mary West Lynd
Interview #1 (w/ friend Mamie Wurman), 6/24/1975

Topics:With Mary West Lynd (friend), Mamie Sardam Munden (niece), and Glen Gilder (friend. Keeping home and raising children; closeness of family unit. Community get-togethers. Home doctoring. Difficult farming experiences. Lack of conveniences. Girls' work. 6-24-75 2.4 hr p
Subjects:Native Americans butchering childbirth children chores clothing dances dating divorce families food homesteads illness illness isolation literary logging lumberjacks marriage medicine midwives newspapers parties schools sewing telephones timber women
Locations:Princeton Palouse Potlatch

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Wurman, Mamie Sisk

Occupation(s):Farm wife
Residence:Princeton, Palouse Native Americans butchering childbirth children chores clothing dances dating divorce families food homesteads illness illness isolation literary logging lumberjacks marriage medicine midwives newspapers parties schools sewing telephones timber women

Catherine Mahon
Interview #1, 8/27/1976

Topics:Limited opportunities for women. Local Jewish families. Books and culture. Southerners in the West. 8-27-76 .8 hr 18p
Subjects:Jewish Americans books churches colleges and universities dating discrimination food friendship hotels housekeeping illness immigrants mail carriers sewing teachers telephones women
Locations:Juliaetta Lewiston Genesee

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Mahon, Catherine

Occupation(s):Operator of greenhouse and beauty salon; teacher
Residence:Juliaetta, Lewiston-Clarkston Jewish Americans books churches colleges and universities dating discrimination food friendship hotels housekeeping illness immigrants mail carriers sewing teachers telephones women

Catherine Mahon
Interview #2, 8/27/1976

Topics:Grandparents' experiences and attitudes; old standards of morality, Lives of prostitutes in Lewiston. J.P. Vollmer and early Lewiston wealth. Dr. Foster and Juliaetta. Mother's sickness as a girl. Cannery and war shortages. Family politics. 9-27-76 3.5 hr 84p
Subjects:CCC Prohibition University of Idaho WCTU bootlegging brothels businesses canneries children death divorce doctors drinking families finances food hospitals illness medicine moving orchards politics pregnancy presidents prostitutes saloons teachers telephones women women's rights world wards
Locations:Juliaetta Lewiston-Clarkston

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Mahon, Catherine

Occupation(s):Operator of greenhouse and beauty salon; teacher
Residence:Juliaetta, Lewiston-Clarkston CCCProhibitionUniversity of IdahoWCTUbootleggingbrothelsbusinessescannerieschildrendeathdivorcedoctorsdrinkingfamiliesfinancesfoodhospitalsillnessmedicinemovingorchardspoliticspregnancypresidentsprostitutessaloonsteacherstelephoneswomenwomen's rightsworld wards

Catherine Mahon
Interview #3, 10/21/1976

Topics:Progressive upbringing in a close family. Openness and equality in the West. Development of Clarkston townsite by proper Bostonians; Clarkston society. Ku Klux Klan; race prejudice. German Catholics. Mother's work as Tribune correspondent. 10-21-76 3.1 hr p
Subjects:women newspapers work politics education telephones women's rights families holidays customs mining marriage children presidents orchards canneries water poor homemakers clothing churches Ku Klux Klan clubs games religion world wars immigrants discrimination African Americans Japanese Americans dating music
Locations:Juliaetta Lewiston Clarkston

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Mahon, Catherine

Occupation(s):Operator of greenhouse and beauty salon; teacher
Residence:Juliaetta, Lewiston-Clarkston women newspapers work politics education telephones women's rights families holidays customs mining marriage children presidents orchards canneries water poor homemakers clothing churches Ku Klux Klan clubs games religion world wars immigrants discrimination African Americans Japanese Americans dating music

Joe Maloney
Interview #1, 8/22/1974

Topics:Life of single lumberjacks: hard work, honesty, blowing-in. Jungling up; camp inspectors. Stories of Weyerhaeuser brothers, Dick Ferrell and Big Gil. Eccentric camp cooks. Playing tricks in camp. IWW's. 8-22-74 1.6 hr 45p
Subjects:IWW Japanese Americans accidents automobiles bootlegging childhood dances death doctors farming fighting immigrants logging lumber moonshine sawmills schools women world wars
Locations:Potlatch

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Murphy, Dan & Joe Maloney

Occupation(s):Logging clerk; scales and cedar pole inspector
Residence:Bovill area IWW Japanese Americans accidents automobiles bootlegging childhood dances death doctors farming fighting immigrants logging lumber moonshine sawmills schools women world wars

Roy Martin
Interview #1, 07/02/1976

(transcript only)

Topics:Panhandling. Riding freights. Friendships with partners. Wintering with wealth in Spokane. Camp-inspecting. Floating population. IWW protection of workers. Woods, mine and harvest work. Serving in Philippines. 7-2-76 3.6 hr 71p
Subjects: hobos lumberjacks labor iww railroads prostitutes logging camps mining logging armed forces
Locations:Spokane North Idaho Phillipines

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Martin, Roy

Occupation(s):Hobo; lumberjack; laborer
Residence:North Idaho hobos lumberjacks labor iww railroads prostitutes logging camps mining logging armed forces

Roy Martin
Interview #2, 07/30/1976

(transcript only)

Topics:Importance of IWW. Good-hearted prostitutes. Hoboes and freight hopping. Employment sharks. 7-30-76 1.8 hr p
Subjects:hobos lumberjacks labor iww railroads prostitutes
Locations:Spokane North Idaho

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Martin, Roy

Occupation(s):Hobo; lumberjack; laborer
Residence:North Idaho hobos lumberjacks labor iww railroads prostitutes

George Mckeever
Interview #1, 8/4/1976

Topics:Practicing dentistry in Kendrick. Kendrick founding, fire and flood, Hard work as youth. Chinese in Kendrick. Masonic Lodge. Advantages of small town. 8-4-76 2 hr
Subjects:Chinese Americans Ku Kux Klan Native Americans armed forces blacksmiths businesses chores clubs colleges and universities dentistry education families farming fires floods medicine moonshine newspapers poor sports students women
Locations:Kendrick Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

McKeever, George

Occupation(s):Dentist
Residence:Kendrick Chinese Americans Ku Kux Klan Native Americans armed forces blacksmiths businesses chores clubs colleges and universities dentistry education families farming fires floods medicine moonshine newspapers poor sports students women

Lewis & Hazel Messersmith
Interview #1, 1/21/1975

Topics:Len Henry, the famous liar. Blacksmith work and inventions. Shop fire and depression survival. Attitudes towards Nez Perces. Aunt Kate MacBeth and Jenny Barton. Lapwai's decline. 1-21-75 1.7 hr p
Subjects:Native Americans automobiles blacksmiths clothing crafts customs dances discrimination families food friendship lore missionaries pioneers post offices religion stores
Locations:Lapwai

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Messersmith, Lewis & Hazel

Occupation(s):Homemaker; worked in post office and store
Residence:Lapwai Native Americans automobiles blacksmiths clothing crafts customs dances discrimination families food friendship lore missionaries pioneers post offices religion stores

Frank Milbert
Interview #1, 06/18/1975

(transcript only)

Topics:Discovery of Gold Hill gold (1861). Gold Creek rush (1868). Gold rush life. Carrico family mining. Persecution of Chinese miners. Lost Wheelbarrow Mine. Park Shattuck's mining experiences. 6-18-75 2.5 hr 54p
Subjects:mining gold Chinese Americans miners
Locations:Potlatch Gold Hill

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Milbert, Frank

Occupation(s):Gold miner
Residence:Gold Hill, Potlatch mininggoldChinese Americansminers

Frank Milbert
Interview #2, 06/20/1975

(transcript only)

Topics:Dowsing for gold. Stories about local miners. Promoters. How gold spurred early settlement. Gold mining in the twenties. Dredging the Palouse River. Nature of gold miners. 6-20-75 3 hr 58p
Subjects:mining gold dredging miners homesteads
Locations:Potlatch Gold Hill Palouse

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Milbert, Frank

Occupation(s):Gold miner
Residence:Gold Hill, Potlatch mininggolddredgingminershomesteads

John B. Miller
Interview #1, 7/18/1973

Topics:Bovill's nature as a logging town. Causes for its decline. Deputy Pat Malone. Mother's hard workday. Gathering historical material; appeal of the past. 7-18-73 1.7 hr 47p SS S RM
Subjects:IWW families local histories logging lumberjacks police officers
Locations:Bovill

Interviewer: Rob Moore; Sam Schrager

Miller, John B.

Occupation(s):Geologist; author of The Trees Grew Tall (1972); Bovill area history
Residence:Bovill IWW families local histories logging lumberjacks police officers

George (Hap) Moody
Interview #1, 2/28/1974

(transcript only)

Topics:With Bertha Moody (wife) Impersonating lawbreakers. Track downs and arrests. Prohibition drinking and moonshining. Policing strikes; resisting bribes. Cooperation among lawmen. Prisoners and county jail. University football. 2-28-74 2 hr 36p
Subjects:football police officers law enforcement moonshine strikes jaii University of Idaho
Locations:Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Moody, George (Hap)

Occupation(s):County deputy and sheriff (1922-55); famous university football booster
Residence:Moscow footballpolice officerslaw enforcementmoonshinestrikesjaiiUniversity of Idaho

Elsie Adair Moore
Interview #1, 12/1/1973

Topics:Bovill family. Beginning of Bovill; first businesses. 12-73 1 hr LS
Subjects:boardinghouses businesses children dances death education families fishing holidays hotels illness lumberjacks saloons stores students winter
Locations:Bovill Princeton

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Moore, Elsie Adair

Occupation(s):Homemaker
Residence:Bovill, Princeton boardinghouses businesses children dances death education families fishing holidays hotels illness lumberjacks saloons stores students winter

William Morgan
Interview #1, 10/28/1976

Topics:Experiences selling to farmers. Art of selling. Becoming a peddlar, Starting Morgan's Grocery (1921). Twenties farm depression. Rural social life. Farm boys' aspirations. 10-28-76 3.4 hr 74p
Subjects:Chautauqua Great Depression Prohibition businesses businesses colleges and universities crops drinking education families farmers foremen homesteads horses languages lore neighbors politics poor roads schools stores telephones threshing wagons women
Locations:Lewiston Clarkston

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Morgan, William

Occupation(s):Owner of Morgan Brothers; food and equipment distributors
Residence:Lewiston and vicinity Chautauqua Great Depression Prohibition businesses businesses colleges and universities crops drinking education families farmers foremen homesteads horses languages lore neighbors politics poor roads schools stores telephones threshing wagons women

Mabelle Nickell Morris
Interview #1, 5/14/1976

(transcript only)

Topics:With Lillian Yangel (daughter) and Chester Yangel (son-in-law) The T.P. Jones's. Elk River drugstore. Lumberjacks. Town social activities and isolation. Devastating impact of mill removal. Elk River before the mill. Potlatch mercantile store. 5-14-76 3.3 hr
Subjects:lumberjacks stores moonshine mercantile
Locations:Bovill Elk River Potlatch

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Morris, Mabelle Nickell

Occupation(s):Drugstore operator; homemaker
Residence:Elk River, Potlatch lumberjacksstoressocial lifemoonshinemercantile

Edward Mushal
Interview #1, 9/16/1975

Topics:Deaths in mill accidents. Working at the mill. Social life. Good work of IWW's. Foreign groups. Wartime prejudice against Germans. 9-16-75 2 hr
Subjects:women canning and preserving farmers farming schools childhood pioneers homesteads chores world wars marriage Native Americans lore Chinese Americans mining miners timber logging lumberjacks midwives nursing cooking hospitals
Locations:Potlatch Washington Gold Hill

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Mushal, Ed

Occupation(s):Sawmiller
Residence:Potlatch women canning and preserving farmers farming schools childhood pioneers homesteads chores world wars marriage Native Americans lore Chinese Americans mining miners timber logging lumberjacks midwives nursing cooking hospitals

Mamie Sardam Munden
Interview #1 (w/ Aunt Mamie Wurman and others), 6/24/1975

Topics:With Mary West Lynd (friend), Mamie Sardam Munden (niece), and Glen Gilder (friend. Keeping home and raising children; closeness of family unit. Community get-togethers. Home doctoring. Difficult farming experiences. Lack of conveniences. Girls' work. 6-24-75 2.4 hr p
Subjects:Native Americans butchering childbirth children chores clothing dances dating divorce families food homesteads illness illness isolation literary logging lumberjacks marriage medicine midwives newspapers parties schools sewing telephones timber women
Locations:Princeton Palouse Potlatch

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Wurman, Mamie Sisk

Occupation(s):Farm wife
Residence:Princeton, Palouse Native Americans butchering childbirth children chores clothing dances dating divorce families food homesteads illness illness isolation literary logging lumberjacks marriage medicine midwives newspapers parties schools sewing telephones timber women

Dan & Joe Maloney Murphy
Interview #1, 8/22/1974

Topics:Life of single lumberjacks: hard work, honesty, blowing-in. Jungling up; camp inspectors. Stories of Weyerhaeuser brothers, Dick Ferrell and Big Gil. Eccentric camp cooks. Playing tricks in camp. IWW's. 8-22-74 1.6 hr 45p
Subjects:IWW Japanese Americans accidents automobiles bootlegging childhood dances death doctors farming fighting immigrants logging lumber moonshine sawmills schools women world wars
Locations:Potlatch

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Murphy, Dan & Joe Maloney

Occupation(s):Logging clerk; scales and cedar pole inspector
Residence:Bovill area IWW Japanese Americans accidents automobiles bootlegging childhood dances death doctors farming fighting immigrants logging lumber moonshine sawmills schools women world wars

Elsie Nelson
Interview #1, 3/14/1974

Topics:Moscow - beginnings and existence as a pioneer town. Homesteaders' relation to Moscow. 3-14-74 1.5 hr 6p LS
Subjects:University of Idaho authors childbirth colleges and universities fires gambling homesteads hotels immigrants mining post offices railroads stores
Locations:Moscow Paradise Ridge

Interviewer: Laura Schrager

Nelson, Elsie

Occupation(s):Head cook at Hotel Moscow; teacher; author of Today Is Ours
Residence:Moscow University of Idaho authors childbirth colleges and universities fires gambling homesteads hotels immigrants mining post offices railroads stores

Elsie Nelson
Interview #2, 3/27/1974

Topics:Swedish Christmas. Indians and other cultural groups. Homestead economics; father's railroading. 3-27-74 1.5 hr 6p LS
Subjects:holidays churches food religion African Americans threshing farms farming Native Americans homesteads railroads death chores
Locations:Moscow Juliaetta

Interviewer: Laura Schrager

Nelson, Elsie

Occupation(s):Head cook at Hotel Moscow; teacher; author of Today Is Ours
Residence:Moscow holidays churches food religion African Americans threshing farms farming Native Americans homesteads railroads death chores

Ida Mielke Newman
Interview #1, 2/18/1977

Topics:Family stress on education and equality. Life in a German community, Games, dances and literaries. Patriotism and tensions in First World War. Attending and teaching school. 2-18-77 2 hr
Subjects:chores churches clothing customs dances death discrimination education families flags games holidays homemakers illness immigrants languages literary lore newspapers picnics poor sports teachers threshing women world wars
Locations:Cameron Kendrick Spokane Lewiston

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Newman, Ida

Occupation(s):Farm wife; teacher; author of History of Cameron; Idaho
Residence:Cameron chores churches clothing customs dances death discrimination education families flags games holidays homemakers illness immigrants languages literary lore newspapers picnics poor sports teachers threshing women world wars

George Nichols
Interview #1, 5/28/1975

Topics:With Frank Herzog, Glen Gilder (friends) Early settlement on Palouse River. Arrival of Potlatch Lumber Company. Logging, river drives, foremen; contribution of IWWs. Harvard's beginning, Hoodoo mining ventures. An ostracized family. Bee trees and trapping. Evil of corporations and politicians. 5-28-75 3 hr p
Subjects:IWW accidents alcohol bees clothing dances fishing food foremen gyppos homesteads horses immigrants logging logging camps lore mines politics post offices railroads stores strikes thieves timber trapping unions working conditions
Locations:Harvard Gold Hill Potlatch Princeton Bovill

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Nichols, George

Occupation(s):Laborer
Residence:Harvard IWW accidents alcohol bees clothing dances fishing food foremen gyppos homesteads horses immigrants logging logging camps lore mines politics post offices railroads stores strikes thieves timber trapping unions working conditions

Rudolph Nordby
Interview #1, 7/5/1963

Topics:Threshing and farm practices. Locating in the area. Building family home. 7-5-63 .8 hr 18p RM
Subjects:railroads chores families churches crops moving stores hunting winter construction farming threshing harvesting carpentry midwives tractors horses schools
Locations:Potlatch Genesee

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Nordby, Rudolph

Occupation(s):County commissioner for eighteen years; farmer
Residence:Cow Creek, Genesee railroads chores families churches crops moving stores hunting winter construction farming threshing harvesting carpentry midwives tractors horses schools

Maeci Groseclose Nye
Interview #1, 3/11/1976

Topics:Foster's hospital and Juliaetta's decline. Father's undertaking business. Abraham Adams. Juliaetta: celebrations and fires. Spiritualists. Dislike of teaching. 3-11-76 1.5 hr 43p
Subjects:African Americans Native Americans boardinghouses cemeteries childhood churches colleges and universities death doctors drinking elections families farming fires holidays illness immigrants languages lore mansions music normal schools politics saloons schools teachers thieves water women
Locations:Juliaetta Oregon Washington Spokane

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Nye, Maecie

Occupation(s):Teacher; farmer; farm wife; author of manuscript history of Juliaetta
Residence:Juliaetta African Americans Native Americans boardinghouses cemeteries childhood churches colleges and universities death doctors drinking elections families farming fires holidays illness immigrants languages lore mansions music normal schools politics saloons schools teachers thieves water women

Carl Olson
Interview #1, 8/6/1973

Topics:Legendary local characters. Why parents left Sweden; Varmlanders ;come to Troy. Getting by on the homestead. Family copper mine and brickmaking. Neighborhood criminals. Decline of opportunity; ruin of country by erosion. 8-6-73 1.5 hr 37p
Subjects:Native Americans accidents death drinking farming food forest fires homesteads hunting immigrants languages livestock lore mining timber winter women
Locations:Dry Ridge Troy Moscow Park

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Olson, Carl

Occupation(s):Thresherman; operator of gas station and car dealership; sawmiller; miner; Troy councilman for 24 years
Residence:Dry Ridge, Troy Native Americans accidents death drinking farming food forest fires homesteads hunting immigrants languages livestock lore mining timber winter women

Carl Olson
Interview #2, 8/17/1973

Topics:Food and water on family homestead. Clearing land. Road building. Homestead ethics. Town of Nora. Tramps. 8-17-73 1.5 hr 25p
Subjects:homesteads horses immigrants livestock lore lumber mills murders parties post offices railroads water
Locations:Dry Ridge Troy Clarkia Nora Creek

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Olson, Carl

Occupation(s):Thresherman; operator of gas station and car dealership; sawmiller; miner; Troy councilman for 24 years
Residence:Dry Ridge, Troy homesteads horses immigrants livestock lore lumber mills murders parties post offices railroads water

Carl Olson
Interview #3, 11/8/1973

Topics:More local characters. Impact of depression. Blaming smut fires on IWW. How environment shapes people. Unusual personal experiences. Social problems. City council. 11-8-73 2 hr 40p
Subjects:Great Depression IWW automobiles families homesteads isolation lore miners politics railroads roads sawmills strikes suicide unions world wars
Locations:Dry Ridge Troy Bear Creek

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Olson, Carl

Occupation(s):Thresherman; operator of gas station and car dealership; sawmiller; miner; Troy councilman for 24 years
Residence:Dry Ridge, Troy Great Depression IWW automobiles families homesteads isolation lore miners politics railroads roads sawmills strikes suicide unions world wars

Carl Olson
Interview #4, 2/21/1975

Topics:Threshing on the ridges in the twenties. Difficulties selling cars. Service station during depression. Struggles of homesteaders. Work in small sawmills. 2-21-75 2.5 hr 67p
Subjects:Great Depression automobiles banks childhood farmers homesteads livestock logging lore miners moonshine sawmills threshing winter world wars
Locations:Dry Ridge Troy

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Olson, Carl

Occupation(s):Thresherman; operator of gas station and car dealership; sawmiller; miner; Troy councilman for 24 years
Residence:Dry Ridge, Troy Great Depression automobiles banks childhood farmers homesteads livestock logging lore miners moonshine sawmills threshing winter world wars

Carl Olson
Interview #5, 6/17/1975

Topics:n/a
Subjects:businesses politics sawmills
Locations:Dry Ridge Troy

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Olson, Carl

Occupation(s):Parents emigrated from Sweden and homesteaded (1889). Thresherman, operator of gas station and car dealership, sawmiller, miner; Troy councilman for 24 years.
Residence:Dry Ridge, Troy businesses politics sawmills

Ella Olson Olson
Interview #1, 10/1/1976

Topics:Cooking for sawmill and threshing crews. Life of country youths. Marriage. Spokane housekeeping. Mica cutting and pea picking. Depression, 10-1-76 1.2 hr 27p
Subjects:Great Depression automobiles children churches cooking dances dating families farming food hospitals housekeeping immigrants languages logging camps marriage neighbors newspapers sawmills schools threshing weddings women working conditions
Locations:Pleasant Hill Troy Nora Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Olson, Ella Olson

Occupation(s):Cook; pea processor; housekeeper; homemaker
Residence:Pleasant Hill, Troy Great Depression automobiles children churches cooking dances dating families farming food hospitals housekeeping immigrants languages logging camps marriage neighbors newspapers sawmills schools threshing weddings women working conditions

Oscar & Hazel Olson
Interview #1, 6/16/1976

Topics:Living in a lumbercamp. Pleasures of flunkeying. Violent Pierce strike (1936). Lumberjack nicknames. Unmarried women teachers. Father's mistreatment in Sweden. Depression hardships. 6-16-76 2 hr
Subjects:African Americans Great Depression IWW childhood cooking dances death drinking education families fighting fires flunkeying foremen gyppos homesteads illness immigrants logging camps lore lumberjacks marriage mess halls rural schools stores strikes teachers teaching women world wars
Locations:Deary

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Olson, Oscar & Hazel

Occupation(s):Homemaker; teacher; camp flunkey
Residence:Deary African Americans Great Depression IWW childhood cooking dances death drinking education families fighting fires flunkeying foremen gyppos homesteads illness immigrants logging camps lore lumberjacks marriage mess halls rural schools stores strikes teachers teaching women world wars

Ruth Olson
Interview #1, 6/16/1976

Topics:With Margaret Olson (sister) Teaching and teachers' authority in small communities. Choice of career and training. Entertainment for young. Play and chores on homestead. Decline of small towns. 6-16-76 1.5 hr
Subjects:homesteads families games sports schools African Americans fires newspapers dances teaching teachers children colleges and universities women rural schools reading schools Great Depression transportation
Locations:Deary Texas Ridge

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Olson, Ruth

Occupation(s):Teacher
Residence:Deary homesteads families games sports schools African Americans fires newspapers dances teaching teachers children colleges and universities women rural schools reading schools Great Depression transportation

Anna Marie Anderson Oslund
Interview #1, 12/14/1973

Topics:Family comes to America: hard life in Sweden, decision and pre paration, the journey. Father's homestead. Schooling. 12-14-73 1.5 hr 15p
Subjects:Swedish Americans churches colleges and universities construction dating education families homesteads immigrants railroads sawmills schools teaching wedding
Locations:Troy Nora Creek Helmer

Interviewer: Sam Schrager;Laura Schrager

Oslund, Anna Marie Anderson

Occupation(s):Teacher; homemaker; author of manuscript on Troy area history
Residence:Troy, Nora Creek Swedish Americans churches colleges and universities construction dating education families homesteads immigrants railroads sawmills schools teaching wedding

Lillian Woodworth Otness
Interview #1, 1/6/1975

Topics:A.A. Lieuallen's move to Moscow area. Loss of cattle in winter of 1873. His operation of Moscow's first store. Naming Moscow. Early town events. Closeness of university and town. Family experiences. 1-6-75 1 hr 20p
Subjects:Native Americans banks businesses colleges and universities education families families farming homesteads livestock politics schools stores
Locations:Moscow California Oregon

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Otness, Lillian Woodworth

Occupation(s):Teacher of English and physical education in college and high school; homemaker;
Residence:Moscow Native Americans banks businesses colleges and universities education families families farming homesteads livestock politics schools stores

Lillian Woodworth Otness
Interview #2, 1/16/1975

Topics:Inequality of women in work and marriage. Deficiencies of early college teaching. Mother's character. A divisive revival. Flu and Red Cross in World War I. School, reading, Campfire Girl activities. 1-16-75 2 hr 40p
Subjects:University of Idaho automobiles clothing clubs colleges and universities dances dating discrimination drinking education families farming marriage moonshine prohibition school teachers schools women
Locations:Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Otness, Lillian Woodworth

Occupation(s):Teacher of English and physical education in college and high school; homemaker;
Residence:Moscow University of Idaho automobiles clothing clubs colleges and universities dances dating discrimination drinking education families farming marriage moonshine prohibition school teachers schools women

Pete Paolini
Interview #1, 10/21/1976

Topics:Company pressures; importance of union. Lumberjack unity and woods life. Elk River in the twenties. Depression hardships. Life near Florence. First years in America. 10-21-76 1.4 hr p
Subjects:immigrants marriage families lumberjacks IWW drinking mills sawmills railroads farms languages newspapers orchards farming neighbors timber horses dances bootlegging dating roads unions students strikes politics gambling
Locations:Elk River Lewiston Potlatch

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Paolini, Pete

Occupation(s):Sawmiller; lumberjack
Residence:Elk River, Lewiston immigrants marriage families lumberjacks IWW drinking mills sawmills railroads farms languages newspapers orchards farming neighbors timber horses dances bootlegging dating roads unions students strikes politics gambling

Naomi Boll Parker
Interview #1, 9/1/1976

Topics:Family values and closeness. Fire of 1910 on homestead. 1914 Bovill fire. Community solidarity. Catholicism in Bovill. East European lumberjacks. Mildred Wells. Hunting. School consolidation; Bovill's decline. 9-1-76 3 hr 80p
Subjects:fires homesteads families firefighters forest fires railroads women water gardens mules horses hunting isolation carpentry electricity telephones schools parties Great Depression religion churches immigrants lumberjacks lore Ku Kux Klan IWW children flunkeying post offices stores marriage homemakers automobiles smoking drinking dances dating picnics timber logging CCC poor livestock butchering clubs violence politics
Locations:Bovill Palouse Big Bear Ridge Little Bear Ridge Helmer Elk River Deary

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Parker, Naomi Boll

Occupation(s):Homemaker; raised cattle and silver fox
Residence:Bovill fires homesteads families firefighters forest fires railroads women water gardens mules horses hunting isolation carpentry electricity telephones schools parties Great Depression religion churches immigrants lumberjacks lore Ku Kux Klan IWW children flunkeying post offices stores marriage homemakers automobiles smoking drinking dances dating picnics timber logging CCC poor livestock butchering clubs violence politics

Amanda Asplund Phelan
Interview #1, 1/3/1976

Topics:With Addie Swanson (daughter) Childbirths. Childhood experiences and fears. Farm food and visiting Mother's work. Town trips. Housekeeping in Spokane. 1-3-76 1 hr KP
Subjects:childbirth childhood clothing dances death families fishing food illness languages marriage medicine midwives neighbors orchards parties railroads roads schools sewing women
Locations:Troy Spokane Bear Creek Dry Creek

Interviewer: Karen Purtee

Phelan, Amanda Asplund

Occupation(s):Farm wife; housekeeper
Residence:Dry Ridge, Troy childbirth childhood clothing dances death families fishing food illness languages marriage medicine midwives neighbors orchards parties railroads roads schools sewing women

Albert Pierce
Interview #1, 8/22/1974

Topics:Deary townsite and fire. Problems of a general store. Old homesteaders Two murders. Family moves. Potlatch manipulations. 8-22-74 1.6 hr
Subjects:African Americans Native Americans blacksmiths businesses children death families farmers farms fires holidays homesteads horses literary logging mills neighbors railroads saloons stores timber world wars
Locations:Deary Texas Ridge Kendrick

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Pierce, Albert

Occupation(s):Operated Deary store and farmed
Residence:Deary, Texas Ridge African Americans Native Americans blacksmiths businesses children death families farmers farms fires holidays homesteads horses literary logging mills neighbors railroads saloons stores timber world wars

Selina Smith Pierce
Interview #1, 8/2/1974

Topics:Town fire (1923). Problems of running store. Dislike of farm living. Boarding people. 8-2-74 1 hr LS
Subjects:boardinghouses businesses death farming fires marriage stores telephones women
Locations:Moscow Texas Ridge Deary

Interviewer: Laura Schrager

Pierce, Selina Smith

Occupation(s):Homemaker; operated grocery store
Residence:Deary boardinghouses businesses death farming fires marriage stores telephones women

E. J. (Tom) Platt
Interview #1, 12/3/1974

Topics:With William Hickman (cousin), Kenneth Piatt (brother) Introduction of purebred Herefords by Piatt brothers (1896). Livestock operation at Genesee and Salmon Rivers; hardship in winter of 1919. Salmon homesteading. Settlement of Genesee area. Horse show and rodeo. Livery business. 12-3-74 2.5 hr p
Subjects:Great Depression IWW Native Americans businesses families farming fires homesteads horses liveries livestock moonshine railroads religion rodeos winter world wars
Locations:Genesee Salmon River

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Platt, Tom

Occupation(s):Livestock operator
Residence:Genesee, Salmon River Great Depression IWW Native Americans businesses families farming fires homesteads horses liveries livestock moonshine railroads religion rodeos winter world wars

Kenneth Platt
Interview #1 (w/ brother Tom Platt and cousin William Hickman), 12/3/1974

Topics:With William Hickman (cousin), Kenneth Piatt (brother) Introduction of purebred Herefords by Piatt brothers (1896). Livestock operation at Genesee and Salmon Rivers; hardship in winter of 1919. Salmon homesteading. Settlement of Genesee area. Horse show and rodeo. Livery business. 12-3-74 2.5 hr p
Subjects:Great Depression IWW Native Americans businesses families farming fires homesteads horses liveries livestock moonshine railroads religion rodeos winter world wars
Locations:Genesee Salmon River

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Platt, Tom

Occupation(s):Livestock operator
Residence:Genesee, Salmon River Great Depression IWW Native Americans businesses families farming fires homesteads horses liveries livestock moonshine railroads religion rodeos winter world wars

Ima Hodge Platz
Interview #1, 2/19/1975

Topics:Cooking for harvest crew. Art of shocking and threshing grain. 2-19-75 .6 hr
Subjects:chores farming threshing women
Locations:Palouse Viola

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Platz, Ima Hodge

Occupation(s):Harvest cook; farm wife
Residence:Palouse chores farming threshing women

Curtis Presby
Interview #1, 6/16/1975

Topics:With Astrid Presby (wife) Making a living in early days. Neighboring. Self-doctoring. (Interview donated by Marilyn Chaney). no date 1 hr Marilyn Chaney
Subjects:butchering dances death doctors families fishing homesteads hunting orchards railroads roads sawmills sports teachers telephones women
Locations:Coeur d'Alene Viola Lewiston

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Presby, Curtis

Occupation(s):Farmer; lumber grader
Residence:unknown butchering dances death doctors families fishing homesteads hunting orchards railroads roads sawmills sports teachers telephones women

Edward Ramsdale
Interview #1, 3/20/1975

Topics:Experiences as a newcomer. Growing up in Norway. Connections to Idaho. 3-20-75 1.5 hr 28p
Subjects:butchering childhood children churches families farming friendships homesteads immigrants languages log cabins schools sports winter
Locations:American Ridge Troy Norway

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Ramsdale, Edward

Occupation(s):Farmer
Residence:American Ridge, Troy butchering childhood children churches families farming friendships homesteads immigrants languages log cabins schools sports winter

Edward Ramsdale
Interview #2, 5/9/1975

Topics:Starting farming as a rentor. Increasing land holdings. Depression and demise of small farms. 5-9-75 2.4 hr 57p
Subjects:schools churches children railroads threshing harvesting orchards CCC banks farms livestock farming politics drinking
Locations:Potlatch American Ridge Troy Norway

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Ramsdale, Edward

Occupation(s):Farmer
Residence:American Ridge, Troy schools churches children railroads threshing harvesting orchards CCC banks farms livestock farming politics drinking

Helmer Ringsage
Interview #1, 2/12/1976

Topics:Mother's death. Woods work in winter. Raising crops and hogs. Hard living at Park (1924-32). Serious accidents. 2-12-76 1.9 hr 49p
Subjects:accidents banks cooking death families farming ferries fires harvesting illness livestock logging camps miscarriages moving rivers sawmills timber winter
Locations:Helmer Moscow Central Ridge Potlatch Park

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Ringsage, Helmer

Occupation(s):Farmer; logger
Residence:Park, Central Ridge accidents banks cooking death families farming ferries fires harvesting illness livestock logging camps miscarriages moving rivers sawmills timber winter

Helmer Ringsage
Interview #2, 2/27/1976

Topics:Running away from home. Struggle with a bad neighbor. Family homesteading on the ridge. Country dances. 2-27-76 2.4 hr 64p
Subjects:cooperatives crops dances doctors education families farming homesteads horses illness immigrants lawyers livestock moving murders neighbors plowing politics presidents suicide threshing wagons winter
Locations:Missouri Canada Gifford Avon Deary Craigmont Central Ridge Kendrick Camas Prarie Minnesota Swift Falls Spokane Norway Genesee

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Ringsage, Helmer

Occupation(s):Farmer; logger
Residence:Park, Central Ridge cooperativescropsdancesdoctorseducationfamiliesfarminghomesteadshorsesillnessimmigrantslawyerslivestockmovingmurdersneighborsplowingpoliticspresidentssuicidethreshingwagonswinter

Helmer Ringsage
Interview #3, 3/5/1976

Topics:Courtship with wife. Farming for others. Sack sewing in hard times. Work as a boy. Dangerous grade to Clearwater River. Wild Indian ponies. 3-5-76 2.1 hr 56p
Subjects:Native Americans churches families farming homesteads horses illness logging marriage neighbors plowing rivers roads sewing winter
Locations:Park Central Ridge Orofino Moscow Palouse

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Ringsage, Helmer

Occupation(s):Farmer; logger
Residence:Park, Central Ridge Native Americanschurchesfamiliesfarminghomesteadshorsesillnessloggingmarriageneighborsplowingriversroadssewingwinter

Helmer Ringsage
Interview #4, 4/1/1976

Topics:Father's strictness. Fighting as a boy. Education in Spokane and Moscow. Farming on Central Ridge. Division of father's estate. Moscow in the thirties. 4-1-76 1.4 hr 37p
Subjects:Great Depression University of Idaho banks boardinghouses cemeteries childhood churches colleges and universities cooking dances death education families food harvesting horses logging lore music neighbors schools world wars
Locations:Park Central Ridge Moscow Portland

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Ringsage, Helmer

Occupation(s):Farmer; logger
Residence:Park, Central Ridge Great DepressionUniversity of Idahobanksboardinghousescemeterieschildhoodchurchescolleges and universitiescookingdancesdeatheducationfamiliesfoodharvestinghorsesloggingloremusicneighborsschoolsworld wars

Jean & Stiner Ringsage
Interview #1, 10/5/1976

Topics:Parents' backwoods marriage. Her isolated childhood. Women's culture. Single teachers' social life. Laboring in Alberta; subsistence farming near Wainwright. His father's healing powers. Pleasures of city living, 10-5-76 5.5 hr 149p
Subjects:Native Americans accidents babies banks birth control books businesses childhood clothing crops dances dating death divorce doctors education families family life education farming fighting fires friendships holidays homemakers hospitals housekeeping immigrants isolation log cabins marriage miners mines mining newspapers nursing orchards politics reading religion rural communities sewing sports teachers trapping voting women women's rights world wars writing
Locations:Park Alberta British Columbia Prince Edward Island Vancouver

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Ringsage, Jean & Stiner

Occupation(s):Farm wife; teacher; nurse's aide
Residence:Park, Alberta, British Columbia Native Americansaccidentsbabiesbanksbirth controlbooksbusinesseschildhoodclothingcropsdancesdatingdeathdivorcedoctorseducationfamiliesfamily life educationfarmingfightingfiresfriendshipsholidayshomemakershospitalshousekeepingimmigrantsisolationlog cabinsmarriageminersminesminingnewspapersnursingorchardspoliticsreadingreligionrural communitiessewingsportsteacherstrappingvotingwomenwomen's rightsworld warswriting

Jean & Stiner Ringsage
Interview #2, 10/19/1976

Topics:Struggle on Alberta farm in the twenties. Choice of life as a farm wife. Her religious awakening. Contrasts between Idaho and Alberta. Ukrainians in Alberta. Birth control information. Portland in World War II. 10-19-76 5.9 hr 172p
Subjects:Ku Klux Klan accidents babies birth control books childhood children churches citizenship clothing construction customs dances death families family life education farming homesteads illness immigrants isolation languages marriage politics poor presidents religion sewing teaching threshing winter women world wars
Locations:Park Alberta British Columbia Prince Edward Island Vancouver Central Ridge

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Ringsage, Jean & Stiner

Occupation(s):Farm wife; teacher; nurse's aide
Residence:Park, Alberta, British Columbia Ku Klux Klanaccidentsbabiesbirth controlbookschildhoodchildrenchurchescitizenshipclothingconstructioncustomsdancesdeathfamiliesfamily life educationfarminghomesteadsillnessimmigrantsisolationlanguagesmarriagepoliticspoorpresidentsreligionsewingteachingthreshingwinterwomenworld wars

Jean & Stiner Ringsage
Interview #3, 11/7/1976

Topics:n/a
Subjects:Great Depression Native Americans birth control dances families farming hunting illness marriage medicine nurses presidents religion smoking threshing winter women
Locations:Park Canada Central Ridge

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Ringsage, Jean & Stiner

Occupation(s):Farm wife; teacher; nurse's aide
Residence:Park, Alberta, British Columbia Great Depression Native Americans birth control dances families farming hunting illness marriage medicine nurses presidents religion smoking threshing winter women

Frank & Lottie Rowan
Interview #1, 1/14/1975

Topics:Neighbors' squabbles and peculiar behavior. Two murders by spouses. Wildman of Burnt Ridge. Moonshiners* troubles. Woods work during 1910 fire. T.P.Jones. 1-14-75 1.7 hr 52p
Subjects:Ku Kux Klan butchering forest fires homesteads logging lore moonshine police officers railroads shivarees teachers telephones winter
Locations:Elk River Bovill Burnt Ridge Avon

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Rowan, Frank & Lottie

Occupation(s):Road foreman; brickyard worker; logger
Residence:Troy Ku Kux Klan butchering forest fires homesteads logging lore moonshine police officers railroads shivarees teachers telephones winter

Frank & Lottie Rowan
Interview #2, 2/3/1975

Topics:Local characters. Lawlessness around Troy and Grangeville. Wild pets and animals. A visitation. 2-3-75 2.4 hr 57p
Subjects:African Americans IWW Native Americans arson banks bears churches cooking death families funerals gyppos languages logging camps lore lumberjacks lynching medicine murders railroads roads winter women
Locations:Troy Burnt Ridge Grangeville

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Rowan, Frank & Lottie

Occupation(s):Road foreman; brickyard worker; logger
Residence:Troy African Americans IWW Native Americans arson banks bears churches cooking death families funerals gyppos languages logging camps lore lumberjacks lynching medicine murders railroads roads winter women

Hilda Carlson Ruberg
Interview #1, 6/19/1976

Topics:With Helena Carlson (sister-in-law) Work as cook, housekeeper and farmer. Women's responsibilities at home, Childbirth and children's ignorance. Neighborhood entertainment. 6-19-76 2 hr p KP
Subjects:Norwegian Americans accidents childbirth children chores clothing cooking dances dating death families farming fishing food literary music newspapers pregnancy threshing winter women
Locations:Troy Big Meadow Genesee Burnt Ridge Spokane

Interviewer: Karen Purtee

Ruberg, Hilda Carlson

Occupation(s):Farm wife; harvest cook; housekeeper
Residence:Big Meadow, Burnt Ridge, Troy Norwegian Americans accidents childbirth children chores clothing cooking dances dating death families farming fishing food literary music newspapers pregnancy threshing winter women

Grace White Ryan
Interview #1 (w/ Sister Viola White Cameron), 7/25/1974

Topics:and Grace Ryan (sister) Flunkeying and lumberjacks. Social life of Bovill. Mother's work, Loss of Slabtown house in 1914 fire. 7-25-24 1 hr LS
Subjects:automobiles children chores electricity families food forest fires logging camps lumberjacks rodeos schools strikes
Locations:Bovill Potlatch

Interviewer: Laura Schrager

Cameron, Viola White

Occupation(s):Homemaker; store clerk; logging camp flunkey
Residence:Bovill automobiles children chores electricity families food forest fires logging camps lumberjacks rodeos schools strikes

Clarice Moody Sampson
Interview #1, 11/13/1974

Topics:Parties, circuses, sleighrides. Consumerism in Moscow. Women's volunteer work in World War I. Father's monument business. Prohibition sentiment. Town visiting. 11-13-74 2 hr 43p LS
Subjects:families moving businesses University of Idaho monuments fires colleges and universities illness medicine stores churches saloons women WCTU drinking confectionaries children sports winter parties schools holidays clubs parties circuses Chautauqua revivals death world wars books dentists gardens dating
Locations:Moscow

Interviewer: Laura Schrager

Sampson, Clarice

Occupation(s):Homemaker; teacher; clerk at David's Store
Residence:Moscow families moving businesses University of Idaho monuments fires colleges and universities illness medicine stores churches saloons women WCTU drinking confectionaries children sports winter parties schools holidays clubs parties circuses Chautauqua revivals death world wars books dentists gardens dating

Clarice Moody Sampson
Interview #2, 1/25/1975

Topics:Schooling in Moscow. Interests as a girl. Limitation of career opportunities. Mother's poor health. 1-25-75 1.5 hr 31p LS
Subjects:automobiles brothels childhood death families home economics illness libraries lore movies murders poor reading schools sports stores telephones weddings winter
Locations:Moscow

Interviewer: Laura Schrager

Sampson, Clarice

Occupation(s):Homemaker; teacher; clerk at David's Store
Residence:Moscow automobilesbrothelschildhooddeathfamilieshome economicsillnesslibrariesloremoviesmurderspoorreadingschoolssportsstorestelephonesweddingswinter

Clarice Moody Sampson
Interview #4, 11/16/1976

Topics:Friendship formation in Moscow. Young people's socializing. Relations within family. Courtship and marriage. Work experiences. Church activity. Social luncheons. 11-16-76 2.8 hr 73p
Subjects:African Americans Great Depression University of Idaho banks businesses childhood children churches clothing clubs colleges and universities cooking dances dating dormitories education families friendship games holidays home economics housekeeping literary music normal schools parties religion schools sororities stores teaching women world wars
Locations:Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Sampson, Clarice

Occupation(s):Homemaker; teacher; clerk at David's Store
Residence:Moscow African AmericansGreat DepressionUniversity of Idahobanksbusinesseschildhoodchildrenchurchesclothingclubscolleges and universitiescookingdancesdatingdormitorieseducationfamiliesfriendshipgamesholidayshome economicshousekeepingliterarymusicnormal schoolspartiesreligionschoolssororitiesstoresteachingwomenworld wars

Harry Sampson
Interview #1, 11/13/1974

Topics:Learning the clothing trade. Working for David's. Credit and competi tion. Moscow business climate. Bringing scouting to town. Ragtime band Growing up in Moscow. 11-13-74 1.9 hr 30p
Subjects:University of Idaho banks blacksmiths businesses butchering cards childhood churches clothing clubs construction customers dances downtowns families fires floods food fraternities games holidays illness main streets music sports stores students uniforms winter women world wards
Locations:Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Sampson, Harry

Occupation(s):Manager of men's clothing department at David's Department Store for nearly forty years
Residence:Moscow University of Idahobanksblacksmithsbusinessesbutcheringcardschildhoodchurchesclothingclubsconstructioncustomersdancesdowntownsfamiliesfiresfloodsfoodfraternitiesgamesholidaysillnessmain streetsmusicsportsstoresstudentsuniformswinterwomenworld wards

Harry Sampson
Interview #2, 1/25/1975

Topics:Building character through scouting. Origin of Moscow golfing and country club. Innovations in men's department. Frank David's psychology of selling. Competition among service clubs. Chatauquas and circuses. Mother's student boarders. 1-25-75 2 hr 36p
Subjects:Chautauqua IWW Prohibition University of Idaho WCTU boardinghouses books bootlegging children churches circuses clothing clubs colleges and universities customers dances hiking lore murders music picnicking politics roads sports stores students working conditions world wars
Locations:Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Sampson, Harry

Occupation(s):Manager of men's clothing department at David's Department Store for nearly forty years
Residence:Moscow ChautauquaIWWProhibitionUniversity of IdahoWCTUboardinghousesbooksbootleggingchildrenchurchescircusesclothingclubscolleges and universitiescustomersdanceshikingloremurdersmusicpicnickingpoliticsroadssportsstoresstudentsworking conditionsworld wars

Harry Sampson
Interview #3, 8/16/1976

Topics:With Clarice Sampson (wife) Frank B. Robinson and Psychiana: his relations in Moscow. Mrs. Robinson. End of Psychiana. 8-16-76 1.3 hr 30p
Subjects:Psychiana businesses churches citizenship finances marriage newspapers religion stores women
Locations:Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Sampson, Harry

Occupation(s):Manager of men's clothing department at David's Department Store for nearly forty years
Residence:Moscow Psychianabusinesseschurchescitizenshipfinancesmarriagenewspapersreligionstoreswomen

Hanna Anderson Sandell
Interview #1, 2/7/1976

Topics:Nursing experiences. Growing up on farm; food preparation. Nursing training. Early Moscow and Troy. First cars. 2-7-76 1.8 hr KP
Subjects:Native Americans automobiles butchering childbirth children churches clothing death drinking education electricity families gardens horses hospitals housekeeping illness immigrants languages lore mansions marriage medicine moving nurses orchards politics saloons schools stores wagons winter
Locations:Moscow Oregon Troy

Interviewer: Karen Purtee

Sandell, Hanna Anderson

Occupation(s):Nurse at Gritman Hospital; homemaker
Residence:Johnson, Troy Native Americans automobiles butchering childbirth children churches clothing death drinking education electricity families gardens horses hospitals housekeeping illness immigrants languages lore mansions marriage medicine moving nurses orchards politics saloons schools stores wagons winter

Byers Sanderson
Interview #1, 10/16/1975

Topics:With John Sanderson (brother) Bovill endangered in 1914 fire. Narrow escape of fire crew. Lumber jack entertainments. Big Red's murder. Early logging camps and fluming. Moonshining and Pat Malone. Weyerhaeuser success. 10-16-75 3 hr 61p
Subjects:bootlegging brothels childhood clothing death drinking families fighting fire fighters fires flumes foremen forest fires gambling homesteads livestock log drives logging logging camps lumberjacks mines moonshine police officers prostitutes railroads saloons sawmills thieves timber women
Locations:Bovill Harvard Potlatch Slabtown

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Sanderson, Byers

Occupation(s):Head mechanic for Potlatch Lumber Company; miner
Residence:Bovill bootleggingbrothelschildhoodclothingdeathdrinkingfamiliesfightingfire fightersfiresflumesforemenforest firesgamblinghomesteadslivestocklog driveslogginglogging campslumberjacksminesmoonshinepolice officersprostitutesrailroadssaloonssawmillsthievestimberwomen

Byers Sanderson
Interview #2, 11/13/1975

Topics:IWW, poor conditions and company tactics. Suffering of families in the depression. Bill Deary; Hugh Bovill. 11-13-75 1.4 hr 29p
Subjects:CCC IWW death fires foremen homesteads illness living conditions logging logging camps lumberjacks mills rodeos sawmills stores women world wars
Locations:Bovill Elk River Lewiston

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Sanderson, Byers

Occupation(s):Head mechanic for Potlatch Lumber Company; miner
Residence:Bovill CCCIWWdeathfiresforemenhomesteadsillnessliving conditionslogginglogging campslumberjacksmillsrodeossawmillsstoreswomenworld wars

Byers Sanderson
Interview #3, 1/23/1976

Topics:Hoodoo and swamp Creek mining. Company control of independent loggers. East European lumberjacks. Arson and murder in Bovill fire. Gambling and moonshine. Strong men. 1-23-76 2.5 hr 54p
Subjects:CCC Chinese Americans accidents arson automobiles businesses death drinking fighting fires homesteads isolation logging miners mines mining moonshine murders thieves timber women working conditions
Locations:Bovill

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Sanderson, Byers

Occupation(s):Head mechanic for Potlatch Lumber Company; miner
Residence:Bovill CCCChinese Americansaccidentsarsonautomobilesbusinessesdeathdrinkingfightingfireshomesteadsisolationloggingminersminesminingmoonshinemurdersthievestimberwomenworking conditions

Byers Sanderson
Interview #4, 8/25/1976

Topics:Experience as CCC camp superintendent. Mistreatment of men by foremen. Bovill at its prime. Failed mining claims. Company monopoly of cedar. 8-25-76 3 hr p
Subjects:CCC Great Depression businesses clothing cooking death families food foremen harvesting holidays living conditions logging logging camps lore lumberjacks mining poor prostitutes religion roads saloons stores unions women working conditions
Locations:Bovill

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Sanderson, Byers

Occupation(s):Head mechanic for Potlatch Lumber Company; miner
Residence:Bovill CCCGreat Depressionbusinessesclothingcookingdeathfamiliesfoodforemenharvestingholidaysliving conditionslogginglogging campslorelumberjacksminingpoorprostitutesreligionroadssaloonsstoresunionswomenworking conditions

John Sanderson
Interview #1, 6/15/1975

Topics:Stories about Bill Deary, Pat Malone, Mrs. T.P. Jones. Local killings. Life in lumbercamps and early Bovill. Houses of ill-repute. Force in the classroom. 7-25-75 2.1 hr
Subjects:brothels logging camps lore murders schools women
Locations:Bovill

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Sanderson, John

Occupation(s):Maintenance man for Potlatch Lumber Company; photographer
Residence:Bovill brothels logging camps lore murders schools women

Margaret Schimke
Interview #1, 4/11/1978

Topics:with Weldon Schimke 04-11-1978 hr 50p
Subjects:newspapers churches religion music University of Idaho lawsuits revivals businesses stores colleges and universities education students women sororities professors dormitories lawyers
Locations:Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Schimke, Margaret

Occupation(s):n/a
Residence:n/a newspapers churches religion music University of Idaho lawsuits revivals businesses stores colleges and universities education students women sororities professors dormitories lawyers

George Schmaltz
Interview #1, 5/17/1976

Topics:Tales of a liar, a single man and moonshine. Impact of mill removal Elk River Japanese. Malker Anderson. Emigration from Sweden. 5-17-76 2 hr 34p
Subjects:African Americans CCC disease fighting fishing food foremen homesteads hunting illness immigrants jails logging camps moonshine sports strikes winter world wars
Locations:Elk River Park

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Schmaltz, George

Occupation(s):Millwright; lumberjack
Residence:Elk River African Americans CCC disease fighting fishing food foremen homesteads hunting illness immigrants jails logging camps moonshine sports strikes winter world wars

George Schmaltz
Interview #2, 8/27/1976

Topics:Shacking-up for winter. Hunting in and out of season. Whiskey and sporting girls. Jericho Mine. Trapping mink. Work as CCC camp foreman. More characters. 8-27-76 2.6 hr 43p
Subjects:CCC Ku Kux Klan alcohol bootlegging brothels brothels camping disease drinking fighting food hunting illness immigrants logging logging camps lumberjacks mines moonshine railroads winter women world wars
Locations:Elk River

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Schmaltz, George

Occupation(s):Millwright; lumberjack
Residence:Elk River CCC Ku Kux Klan alcohol bootlegging brothels brothels camping disease drinking fighting food hunting illness immigrants logging logging camps lumberjacks mines moonshine railroads winter women world wars

Ada Oylear Schoeffler
Interview #1, 2/7/1976

Topics:Hard work on farm and in harvest. Childbirth. Parents. German ways. Caring for children. Housekeeping. 2-7-76 1.3 hr KP
Subjects:accidents childbirth children chores cooking dating death dentists education families holidays homesteads housekeeping illness languages mess halls midwives post offices pregnancy roads schools telephones threshing tractors world wars
Locations:Moscow Potlatch Ridge Juliaetta

Interviewer: Karen Purtee

Schoeffler, Ada

Occupation(s):Farm wife; harvest cook; housekeeper
Residence:Potlatch Ridge, Cameron accidents childbirth children chores cooking dating death dentists education families holidays homesteads housekeeping illness languages mess halls midwives post offices pregnancy roads schools telephones threshing tractors world wars

Herman Schupfer
Interview #1, 7/19/1973

Topics:Beginnings of telephone service. Founding of Juliaetta. Produce and cannery. Work for electric company. Family pioneer experiences. Nez Perces. Jobs for boys. 7-19-73 1.5 hr 32p RM
Subjects:African Americans Native Americans automobiles businesses canneries childhood drinking electricity families farming fires fishing games homesteads hunting immigrants lumber orchards pioneers schools telephones winter
Locations:Juliaetta Bovill Potlatch Ridge

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Schupfer, Herman

Occupation(s):Operated local telephone company and theatre; district representative for Washington Water Power
Residence:Juliaetta, Kendrick African Americans Native Americans automobiles businesses canneries childhood drinking electricity families farming fires fishing games homesteads hunting immigrants lumber orchards pioneers schools telephones winter

Herman Schupfer
Interview #2, 7/26/1973

Topics:Tramway operation. Train wrecks and floods in canyon. Subsistence farming. Town socializing. Cannery work. 7-26-73 1.5 hr 33p RM
Subjects:IWW accidents automobiles businesses canneries chores dances death floods poor railroads threshing
Locations:Juliaetta Kendrick

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Schupfer, Herman

Occupation(s):Operated local telephone company and theatre; district representative for Washington Water Power
Residence:Juliaetta, Kendrick IWW accidents automobiles businesses canneries chores dances death floods poor railroads threshing

Otto Schupfer
Interview #1, 4/14/1976

Topics:Early telephone service and tramways. Anti-German sentiment in war time. Foster's hospital and Adam's wheat. Experience versus education. Juliaetta cannery. Porter enterprises. 4-14-76 1.8 hr p
Subjects:Great Depression Native Americans automobiles banks businesses canneries churches cooperatives death families fires floods railroads schools sports telephones thieves unions water
Locations:Juliaetta Kendrick Troy Arrow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Schupfer, Otto

Occupation(s):Operated local telephone company and theatre; helped manage electric service
Residence:Juliaetta, Kendrick Great Depression Native Americans automobiles banks businesses canneries churches cooperatives death families fires floods railroads schools sports telephones thieves unions water

Otto Schupfer
Interview #2, 6/1/1976

Topics:Early moviehouses, radios and cars. Right-of-way disputes. Juliaetta flour mill. Melon thieves. Trains in Potlatch canyon. Telephone and electric service. 6-1-76 2 hr p
Subjects:African Americans Ku Kux Klan accidents automobiles bees businesses children electricity farmers fighting holidays immigrants mills movies radios railroads sports stores telephones thieves unions wine
Locations:Juliaetta Kendrick Arrow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Schupfer, Otto

Occupation(s):Operated local telephone company and theatre; helped manage electric service
Residence:Juliaetta, Kendrick African Americans Ku Kux Klan accidents automobiles bees businesses children electricity farmers fighting holidays immigrants mills movies radios railroads sports stores telephones thieves unions wine

Eugene Settle
Interview #1, 6/3/1975

Topics:Family background. Life at Fort Smith, Arkansas. Pioneering at Bluestem, Washington (1898). Father's struggle to establish a farm, Work and play as a boy. Joe Wells family. End of small farming. 6-3-75 1.8 hr 40p
Subjects:families homesteads farming schools African Americans games Native Americans colleges and universities education holidays homemakers
Locations:Aspendale Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Settle, Eugene

Occupation(s):Warehouse superintendent for Latah County Grain Growers ; farmer
Residence:Aspendale, Moscow families homesteads farming schools African Americans games Native Americans colleges and universities education holidays homemakers

Eugene Settle
Interview #2, 7/7/1975

Topics:Experience in a segregated unit in Europe during World War I. Acceptance in high school. Brother's career in Virginia; father-inlaw's pioneering. Family hay baling operation. 7-7-75 2 hr 38p
Subjects:African Americans armed forces childhood colleges and universities education families farming fighting hay immigrants racial discrimination schools timber world wars
Locations:Aspendale Moscow Troy Bovill

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Settle, Eugene

Occupation(s):Warehouse superintendent for Latah County Grain Growers ; farmer
Residence:Aspendale, Moscow African Americans armed forces childhood colleges and universities education families farming fighting hay immigrants racial discrimination schools timber world wars

Eugene Settle
Interview #3, 8/4/1975

Topics:Independence of family as farmers. Dealing with job discrimination. Supervising men as warehouse superintendent. Meeting wife's family. Flu epidemic. Father's hunting. 8-4-75 2.2 hr 36p
Subjects:automobiles childhood education families farming fighting holidays hunting illness mills orchards racial discrimination railroads schools sports thieves world wars
Locations:Aspendale Moscow Lewiston

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Settle, Eugene

Occupation(s):Warehouse superintendent for Latah County Grain Growers ; farmer
Residence:Aspendale, Moscow automobiles childhood education families farming fighting holidays hunting illness mills orchards racial discrimination railroads schools sports thieves world wars

Eugene Settle
Interview #4, 12/19/1975

Topics:Parents' teachings. One-room country school. Store purchases. Country people in Moscow. 12-19-75 1.2 hr 28p
Subjects:childhood schools education religion
Locations:Aspendale Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Settle, Eugene

Occupation(s):Warehouse superintendent for Latah County Grain Growers ; farmer
Residence:Aspendale, Moscow childhood schools education religion

Eugene Settle
Interview #5, 1/13/1976

Topics:Minimal effect of prejudice on family. Socializing in the neighborhood. Farming in hard times. Work as superintendent. Entertainment as a young man. More about Joe Wells family. 1-13-76 2.1 hr 42p
Subjects:families childhood hunting winter world wars farming Great Depression work administration racial discrimination grain African Americans friendship neighbors armed forces
Locations:Aspendale Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Settle, Eugene

Occupation(s):Warehouse superintendent for Latah County Grain Growers ; farmer
Residence:Aspendale, Moscow families childhood hunting winter world wars farming Great Depression work administration racial discrimination grain African Americans friendship neighbors armed forces

Eugene Settle
Interview #6, 1/13/1976

Topics:World War I. Jack Johnson. Aquaintances in Spokane. Not a musical family. 1-13-76 2hr 51p
Subjects:African Americans veterans armed forces world wars racial discrimination sports churches religion families friendships dances music neighbors parties holidays schools fishing automobiles farming elderly foundries
Locations:Aspendale Moscow Spokane Washington Lenville Oregon Tensed

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Settle, Eugene

Occupation(s):Warehouse superintendent for Latah County Grain Growers ; farmer
Residence:Aspendale, Moscow African Americans veterans armed forces world wars racial discrimination sports churches religion families friendships dances music neighbors parties holidays schools fishing automobiles farming elderly foundries

Theodore Sherman
Interview #1, 3/24/1976

Topics:University of Idaho in 1920: domination of fraternities; events, traditions and characters. Youth in Boise. 3-24-76 2 hr P
Subjects:Chinese Americans University of Idaho colleges and universities dances discrimination families fraternities gardens isolation legislators lore movies newspapers plays politics railroads sports students swimming
Locations:Boise Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Sherman, Theodore

Occupation(s):English professor at University of Idaho (1931-66)
Residence:Moscow Chinese Americans University of Idaho colleges and universities dances discrimination families fraternities gardens isolation legislators lore movies newspapers plays politics railroads sports students swimming

Theodore Sherman
Interview #2, 6/17/1976

Topics:George Morey Miller, English professor. Light of the Mountains, Idaho history pageant. English department. Original musicals. 6-17-76 1 hr
Subjects:University of Idaho pageants plays politics professors students world wars
Locations:Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Sherman, Theodore

Occupation(s):English professor at University of Idaho (1931-66)
Residence:Moscow University of Idaho pageants plays politics professors students world wars

Emma Christenson Shirrod
Interview #1, 1/21/1975

Topics:Family pioneering and childhood experiences. Family illnesses and deaths. Early Genesee. Her courtship. 1-21-75 2 hr
Subjects:Great Depression Native Americans Prohibition accidents automobiles childhood colleges and universities dating death families farming fires holidays homesteads illness politics stores winter women wool
Locations:Jansville Genesee Walla Walla Washington Lewiston

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Shirrod, Emma Christenson

Occupation(s):Farm wife; store clerk
Residence:Rimrock, Genesee Great Depression Native Americans Prohibition accidents automobiles childhood colleges and universities dating death families farming fires holidays homesteads illness politics stores winter women wool

Ulysses Showalter
Interview #1, 2/4/1974

Topics:Moonshining experiences. Impact of prohibition. Cutting cordwood. Fighting. Poker. 2-4-74 1 hr 25p RM
Subjects:Prohibition drinking families gambling logging logging camps moonshine moving saloons sewing sports threshing timber women
Locations:Moscow Mountain Moscow

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Showalter, Ulysses

Occupation(s):Woodcutter; farmer; moonshiner
Residence:Moscow Mountain Prohibition drinking families gambling logging logging camps moonshine moving saloons sewing sports threshing timber women

Ulysses Showalter
Interview #2, 2/20/1974

Topics:Making moonshine. Stool pigeons and bribes. Arrest. Houses of ill-repute. Crooked gambling. Saloons. 2-20-74 2 hr 47p RM
Subjects:African Americans brothels cards death disease fighting fishing gambling illness lawyers logging logging camps moonshine pioneers prostitutes saloons stores trials
Locations:Moscow Mountain Moscow

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Showalter, Ulysses

Occupation(s):Woodcutter; farmer; moonshiner
Residence:Moscow Mountain African Americans brothels cards death disease fighting fishing gambling illness lawyers logging logging camps moonshine pioneers prostitutes saloons stores trials

Nellie Wood Smith
Interview #1, 6/27/1974

Topics:Wagon journey from Rexburg to Parma. Family homesteading at McGary Butte. Moving west; living in Laramie, Wy.; move to Troy. 6-27-74 2 hr 39p RM
Subjects:Native Americans accidents construction families food holidays homemakers homesteads illness immigrants music pioneers schools wagons
Locations:Bovill Wyoming Troy Parma Rexburg McGary Butte

Interviewer: Rob Moore

Smith, Nellie Wood

Occupation(s):Homemaker
Residence:Bovill, McGary Butte Native Americansaccidentsconstructionfamiliesfoodholidayshomemakershomesteadsillnessimmigrantsmusicpioneersschoolswagons

Nellie Wood Smith
Interview #2, 9/10/1975

Topics:Charlotte Bovill and family. Arson and murder in Bovill fire. First Bovill school (1907). Get-togethers. Raising children; getting married. Community church. Ladies of the night. 9-10-75 2 hr 38p
Subjects:arson boardinghouses childhood children chores churches dances dating families family life education fires homesteads illness movies murders music prostitutes railroads stores teachers timber women world wars
Locations:Bovill McGary Butte

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Smith, Nellie Wood

Occupation(s):Homemaker
Residence:Bovill, McGary Butte arson boardinghouses childhood children chores churches dances dating families family life education fires homesteads illness movies murders music prostitutes railroads stores teachers timber women world wars

Nellie Wood Smith
Interview #3, 9/22/1975

Topics:Birth of first child; lore of childbirth. Death of baby daughter. Learning sewing and needlework. 9-22-75 1.5 hr 33p
Subjects:CCC babies childbirth clothing crafts crafts death doctors families homemakers hospitals nurses pregnancy sewing women
Locations:Bovill McGary Butte

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Smith, Nellie Wood

Occupation(s):Homemaker
Residence:Bovill, McGary Butte CCC babies childbirth clothing crafts crafts death doctors families homemakers hospitals nurses pregnancy sewing women

Nellie Wood Smith
Interview #4, 10/3/1975

Topics:Evacuation of Bovill in Beal's Butte fire (1914). Mrs. T.P.Jones' role in Bovill. Husband's work for Potlatch. Raising children. 10-3-75 2.5 hr 54p
Subjects:Christian childrearing chores clothing clubs families fires forest fires homemakers knitting logging camps politics railroads religion women wool work world wars
Locations:Bovill McGary Butte

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Smith, Nellie Wood

Occupation(s):Homemaker
Residence:Bovill, McGary Butte Christian childrearing chores clothing clubs families fires forest fires homemakers knitting logging camps politics railroads religion women wool work world wars

Nellie Wood Smith
Interview #5, 11/13/1975

Topics:Problems in early marriage; dealing with drinking. Bovill plays; separate social clubs. Family religion. Baby's sickness. Amputation of a leg. A selling contest. 11-13-75 3 hr 67p
Subjects:African Americans Christian Great Depression acting alcohol babies cards childbirth childhood churches clothing clubs dances doctors drinking families homemakers knitting moonshine parties plays religion schools sewing women
Locations:Bovill Spokane McGary Butte

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Smith, Nellie Wood

Occupation(s):Homemaker
Residence:Bovill, McGary Butte African Americans Christian Great Depression acting alcohol babies cards childbirth childhood churches clothing clubs dances doctors drinking families homemakers knitting moonshine parties plays religion schools sewing women

Nellie Wood Smith
Interview #6, 1/23/1976

Topics:Timber homesteading: one family's struggle; mother's miscarriage; development of a home. 1-23-76 1.5 hr p
Subjects:accidents chores death families games homesteads horses housekeeping illness murders pregnancy roads winter women
Locations:Deary Bovill McGary Butte Helmer

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Smith, Nellie Wood

Occupation(s):Homemaker
Residence:Bovill, McGary Butte accidents chores death families games homesteads horses housekeeping illness murders pregnancy roads winter women

Jesse and Mabel Spencer
Interview #1, 1/29/1975

Topics:With Mabel Spencer (wife) Art of horse handling. Homesteading in the Grand Coulee country (1907-19) Caring for her family as a girl. Home remedies. Self-sufficiency. Early events around Troy. 1-29-75 2.7 hr 58p
Subjects:African Americans IWW banks cooking death education families farming forest fires homesteads horses illness immigrants logging lore medicine moonshine murders schools shivarees slavery telephones timber water wool
Locations:Troy Moscow Mountain Moscow

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Spencer, Jesse

Occupation(s):Farmer
Residence:Troy African AmericansIWWbankscookingdeatheducationfamiliesfarmingforest fireshomesteadshorsesillnessimmigrantsloggingloremedicinemoonshinemurdersschoolsshivareesslaverytelephonestimberwaterwool

Mike Stefanos
Interview #1, 9/1/1976

Topics:Millwork and opportunities. Greek community in Potlatch. Life in Greece. Coming to Potlatch. Sending money to Greece. Purchasing shoeshine business in the depression. 9-1-76 2 hr p
Subjects:IWW Japanese Americans death families illness immigrants languages marriage mills poor prostitutes railroads sawmills unions world wars
Locations:Potlatch Lewiston

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Stefanos, Mike

Occupation(s):Sawmiller; operator of shoeshine parlor
Residence:Potlatch, Lewiston IWWJapanese Americansdeathfamiliesillnessimmigrantslanguagesmarriagemillspoorprostitutesrailroadssawmillsunionsworld wars

Kenneth Steffen
Interview #1, 1/23/1975

Topics:Family view of Will Steffen's killing (1901). Life as an apple harvester and dishwasher in eastern Washington. Family farm. Moscow moonshineand other amusements. In the Marines in China. 1-23-75 2 hr
Subjects:German Americans alcohol armed forces automobiles bootlegging butchering childbirth churches colleges and universities customs dances families fires food illness immigrants moonshine murders pregnancy religion schools snow thieves unions veterans work world wars
Locations:Moscow Viola Washington

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Steffen, Kenneth

Occupation(s):Ran delivery service; laborer
Residence:Moscow German Americansalcoholarmed forcesautomobilesbootleggingbutcheringchildbirthchurchescolleges and universitiescustomsdancesfamiliesfiresfoodillnessimmigrantsmoonshinemurderspregnancyreligionschoolssnowthievesunionsveteransworkworld wars

Kenneth Steffen
Interview #2, 1/13/1976

Topics:Varied work experiences. Moscow livery stables, freighting and pool halls. Parents. 1-13-76 1.3 hr
Subjects:Chinese-Americans IWW automobiles businesses cemeteries childhood clothing doctors families farming harvesting jails liveries orchards politics railroads schools stores timber veterans work world wars
Locations:Moscow Oregon Washington

Interviewer: Sam Schrager

Steffen, Kenneth

Occupation(s):Ran delivery service; laborer
Residence:Moscow Chinese-AmericansIWWautomobilesbusinessescemeterieschildhoodclothingdoctorsfamiliesfarmingharvestingjailsliveriesorchardspoliticsrailroadsschoolsstorestimberveteransworkworld wars

William (Michigan Bill) Stowell
Interview #1, 10/29/1975

Topics:Clearwater River log drives: wanigans, pilots, drownings. Tramp lumberjacks; wide open towns. IWW's and direct action. Foremen and gyppo logging. 10-29-75 2 hr 43p
Subjects: