Data Management Guidelines by Funding Agency
Many funding agencies require that research data produced as part of a funded project be made publicly available and formal data management plans are now required. Some of the major funding agencies with data sharing policies include:
National Science Foundation
NSF Data Management Plans - from the University of Idaho Office of Research
National Science Foundation: Dissemination and Sharing of Research Results
Data Management Plans are now required for all new NSF proposals. “NSF expects PIs to share with other researchers, at no more than incremental cost and within a reasonable time, the data, samples, physical collections and other supporting materials created or gathered in the course of the work."
National Institutes of Health
For most grants over $500,000, a data sharing plan must be included in the application and incorporated as a condition of the award. Final research data "should be made as widely and freely available as possible while safeguarding the privacy of participants, and protecting confidential and proprietary data".
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
"The purpose of CDC’s data release/sharing policy is to ensure that (1) CDC routinely provides data to its partners for appropriate public health purposes and (2) all data are released and/or shared as soon as feasible without compromising privacy concerns, federal and state confidentiality concerns, proprietary interests, national security interests, or law enforcement activities."
United States Department of Education
"The Institute of Education Sciences (IES) expressed its commitment to advancing education research through the sharing of scientific data collected through its grant-funded research programs. The purpose of this data sharing implementation guide is to describe how this policy will be implemented and to provide guidance to grant applicants."
Researchers can comply with these data sharing requirements by depositing their data into one of the many available data repositories.