Manuscript Group 50
34 cubic feet
The records of the State Bank of Commerce, Wallace, Idaho, were donated to the University of Idaho library by Henry L. Day in November 1968. They were processed by Judith Nielsen in May and June 1989.
The State Bank of Commerce, successor to the Bank of Commerce organized in 1901, was organized May 1, 1903. Its officers were Bennett F. O'Neil, president, Thomas L. Greenough, vice president, Maurice H. Hare, cashier, and Charles Z. Seelig, assistant cashier. Additional directors were Albert Burch, Ewan McIntosh, August Paulsen, and G. Scott Anderson who was also a director of the Lane Lumber Company. Later E.S. Wyman succeeded Hare as cashier and in July 1906 Harry L. Day, a major depositor in the bank--the Day family interests had a total of 12 different accounts--joined the board of directors.
The bank was suspended in May 1911 following O'Neil's unsuccessful campaign for governor. A combination of campaign expenses, bad investments and excessive borrowing--on the closing date of the bank his indebtedness comprised 70% of the bank's total loans--depleted the bank's reserves and he was unable to honor depositors' demands when they began withdrawing their money. The bank was turned over to the state bank commissioner and Harry L. Day was named trustee, thus giving him physical control of the bank's records. He asked Bland & Wilson Accountants of Spokane to go over the books and prepare a report. They concluded the failure was due to "excessive and dishonest financing of the personal enterprises of B.F. O'Neil, President and G. Scott Anderson, Director, aided and abetted by E.S. Wyman, Cashier," and also "the abstraction of funds for the private use of B.F. O'Neil."
Barrett, Glen. Idaho Banking. Boise, Boise State University Press, 1976.
Bland & Wilson, Accountants. "Report on Investigation of State Bank of Commerce, Wallace, Idaho. January 12, 1912. (Papers of Harry L. Day in an unprocessed manuscript group, Day Mines, Inc., Special Collections Library, University of Idaho.) (MG 318)
Illustrated History of North Idaho. s.l., Western Historical Publishing Company, 1903.
The papers of the State Bank of Commerce span the years 1901 to 1911. They include correspondence and bound financial volumes. In addition to the routine bank correspondence there is also personal correspondence of bank president, B.F. O'Neil, relating to investments and his activities in the Republican Party. Among his frequent correspondents are Governor James H. Brady and William E. Borah. Also included is an early treasurer's book for the town of Wallace, Idaho.
The correspondence is widely scattered, leaving large gaps in the sequence. Several volumes listed on the original inventory were missing at the time of processing. These include one Auxiliary Book, one Trial Balance Book April 1910 to 1911, two Balance Ledgers, 1901-1902 and May 1905 to 1906, one Teller's Cash Book March 1904 to June 1906, and one Closed and Transferred Accounts book. Several volumes not on the original list were with the records, and it is possible the missing volumes were misidentified originally.
The foldered correspondence, which includes both incoming and outgoing letters and telegrams, was originally arranged first alphabetically, then chronologically by year only. In order to make the collection more useable the correspondence was further separated by month, but no attempt was made to put material in strict chronological order. The letterbooks of outgoing correspondence are in chronological order.
There is a second set of letterbooks labeled "Statements" which contain letterpress copies of bank statements sent to depositors; these were placed at the beginning of the second series.
The remaining bound volumes include stock certificates, Auxiliary Records, Savings Ledgers, books listing valuable papers intrusted to the bank and include the agreements between the bank and the depositor, ledgers of individual accounts, and other financial volumes necessary for record keeping.
Some volumes from the original Bank of Commerce form their own series. These were separated from the State Bank of Commerce records because of their uniform small size and paper binding.
One final volume is the 1890-1897 Town of Wallace Treasurer's Book. This item appears on the original inventory received with the papers so was retained with the collection. Another volume which appeared on the original inventory, an account book of the Wallace Press, was transferred to the Day Mines, Inc. Collection, an unprocessed manuscript group, which also contains Wallace Press Times records. (MG 310)
Several volumes have been water damaged, and the handwriting in others is fading. Many of the volumes are labeled as exhibits for either plaintiff or prosecution in the criminal investigation which followed the failure of the bank.
One box of deposit slips, 2 boxes of debit and credit slips, and one box of bank statements and canceled checks were removed from the collection. In all the records were reduced by two cubic feet.
I. Correspondence, 1901-1911 1-2
II. Bound Volumes, 1901-1911 2-o.s.
III. Bank of Commerce Records, 1901-1902 o.s..
IV. Non-Bank Records, 1890-1897 o.s.
Box Folder Description Items
1 1-2 A, 1907-1909 200 3-9 B, 1906-1909 1245 10 Baker Clothing, Wardner, Idaho, 1907 37 11 Bankers National Bank, Chicago, 1906-1907 13 12 Boise City National Bank, Boise, Idaho, 1907 7 13 Borah, William E., 1907-1909 17 14 C, 1901-1902 108 15-23 C, 1905-1910 1278 24 Clark, W.A. and Brother, Bankers, 1907 6 2 25 D, 1901-1902 58 26 D, 1905-1906 130 27 E, 1901-1902 65 28-29 F, l901-1902 213 30 G, 1901-1902 76 31 G, 1907-1908 79 32-33 K, 1907-1911 162 34 M, 1908 232 35-37 N, 1906-1910 464 38 National Bank of Commerce, New York City, 1906-1907 122 39 P, 1908 118 40-41 S, 1908-1909 385 42 Y, 1910 11 43 Returned letters for which there are no folders, 4 1908-1909 45-48 Letterbooks, 1901-1902 4 3 49-53 Letterbooks, 1902-1909 5
54-58 Letterbooks: Statements, 1901-1907 5 4 59-65 Letterbooks: Statements, 1907-1911 7 o.s. 66 Stock Journal, 1903-1908 1 67 Stock Certificate Book, 1903-1909 1 o.s. 68-88 Auxiliary Records, 1903-1911 21 89-91 Savings Ledgers, 1908-1910 3 92-97 Escrows and Valuable Papers in Trust, 1901-1910 6 98-104 Reconcilement of Accounts, 1902-1910 7 105-111 Trial Balance Books, 1902-1910 7 112-124 Cash Books, 1902-1911 13 125 Teller's Cash Book, September 1902-February 1904 1 126-128 Daily Balance Ledgers, 1901-1905 3 129-133 Individual Account Ledgers, 1906-1911 5 134-135 Individual Account Balance Ledgers, 1905-1906 2 136-137 Individual Account Transfer Ledgers, 1906-1911 2 138 Drafts, Cashiers Checks and Deposits Ledger, 1906-1911 1 139 Accounts Claimed, Indirect Deposits Ledger, 1910-1911 1 140-142 Ledgers: Accounts with other Banks, 1906-1912 3 143 Current Liability Ledger, 1905-1912 1 144 Transfer Liability Ledger, 1907-1910 1 145-146 Closed and Transferred Accounts, n.d. 2 147 Discounted Bills Register, 1901-1908 1 148-149 Unidentified Accounting Books, 1906-1911 2 150 Certificate of Deposit Register, 1901-1905 1 151 General Ledger, 1904-1905 1 152 Unidentified Journal, January-March 1909 1 153 Detailed Account of State Bank of Commerce Account with Lane Lumber Company from December 1902 to May 1911 1 154 Deeds, Mortgages, etc., 1906-1911 22
155-156 Cash Books, April 1901-January 1903 2 157-158 Counter Books, April 1901-June 1902 2 159 Debts, January 1902-December 1902 1 160 Shoshone County Warrants Paid, 1902-1903 1 161 Journal, April 1901-August 1902 1 162 Ledger, April 1901-August 1902 1
163 Town of Wallace Treasurer's Book, 1890-1897 1