Beyond testing :cognitive moral reasoning and ergogenic aids in sport


Gwebu, Amukela M.. (2007). Beyond testing :cognitive moral reasoning and ergogenic aids in sport. Theses and Dissertations Collection, University of Idaho Library Digital Collections.

Beyond testing :cognitive moral reasoning and ergogenic aids in sport
Gwebu, Amukela M.
Doping in sports--Moral and ethical aspects--Examinations Athletes--Conduct of life--Examinations
The purpose of this quantitative, descriptive study is to develop a valid and reliable instrument based in normative ethical theory to measure moral reasoning in the context of doping in sport. Factor analysis procedure was used to provide evidence of statistical validity. We examined the factor structure of the Ergogenic Aids Moral Competence Inventory (EAMCI) using the appropriate 50 questionnaire items. The EAMCI evaluates the moral judgment of participants among competing social values and moral values in sport. In addition, the EAMCI examines the underlying cognitive moral decision making processes specific to the context of banned substance use in sport. To evaluate factor structure, an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) tested the five-factor model as hypothesized underlying the test structure. To evaluate the items, the questionnaire was administered to 337 subjects from one university in the Northwest.;The EFA findings revealed a five-factor structure, including (1) recreational drug use, (2) legal but unethical drug use, (3) illegal but ethical drug use, (4) autonomy in drug use (5) illegal and unethical drug use. These are typical moral decision making tasks for athletes and athlete support personnel on the subject of doping. The rotated factor structure demonstrated high loadings on factor 1 consisting of Decision 2 (.807), question 2b ( -.890), and question 2c (784).;Factor 2 loaded question 5b ( -813), Decision 5 (344), and question 5c ( -.701). Factor 3 loaded question 3b ( -.807), question 3c (800), and Decision 3 ( -.701). Factor 4 loaded question 3a (.772), question 1a, (.671), and question 1c (.650). Finally, factor 5 loaded question 4a (.755), Decision 4 (reversed) (.795), and question 4c (.740).;Despite the low internal consistency reliability of measures was low .552 as demonstrated by the rationale equivalence reliability procedure. Earlier pilot studies indicate that simply using the original 5 point Likert Scale may yield improved internal reliability. Other forms of validity were discussed using Messick, (1995) and Trochim (1999) expanded concept of validity.
Thesis (Ph. D., Education)--University of Idaho, December 7, 2007.
Major Professor:
Sharon K. Stoll.
Defense Date:
December 7, 2007.
Format Original:
xiii, 147 leaves :ill. ;29 cm.

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