RHEOLOGICAL, CHEMICAL AND MICROSTRUCTURAL CHARACTERIZATION OF ASPHALT BINDERS AGED AT DIFFERENT CONDITIONS AND EVALUATION OF THE USE OF ANTIOXIDANTS AND COPOLYMERS TO RETARD AGING
Khan, Mohammad Solaiman. (2017-12). RHEOLOGICAL, CHEMICAL AND MICROSTRUCTURAL CHARACTERIZATION OF ASPHALT BINDERS AGED AT DIFFERENT CONDITIONS AND EVALUATION OF THE USE OF ANTIOXIDANTS AND COPOLYMERS TO RETARD AGING. Theses and Dissertations Collection, University of Idaho Library Digital Collections. https://www.lib.uidaho.edu/digital/etd/items/khan_idaho_0089n_11248.html
- RHEOLOGICAL, CHEMICAL AND MICROSTRUCTURAL CHARACTERIZATION OF ASPHALT BINDERS AGED AT DIFFERENT CONDITIONS AND EVALUATION OF THE USE OF ANTIOXIDANTS AND COPOLYMERS TO RETARD AGING
- Khan, Mohammad Solaiman
- Embargo Remove Date:
- AFM antioxidants Binder aging FAM FTIR GPC
- Civil Engineering
- Subject Category:
- Civil engineering
The rheological, chemical and microstructural properties of asphalt binders change with oxidative aging which is accelerated at elevated temperatures. Aging stiffens asphalt binders and increases the embrittlement of asphalt mixtures which would lead to fatigue cracking and eventually pavement failure under repetitive traffic loading. This study explored the feasibility of using antioxidant additives and copolymers with antioxidant agents to retard oxidative aging of asphalt binders. The performance of the additives was evaluated at the binder and mastic levels. The laboratory experiments included two unmodified binders, various antioxidant additives and copolymers, and three aggregate types. The fatigue characteristics of asphalt binders and mastic were determined before and after aging and an aging index was defined to evaluate the effect of the additives on aging. The results demonstrated that certain antioxidants and copolymers such as Redicote AP, Solprene, and Calprene may retard the aging and improve the rheological properties of the asphalt binders. In addition, the results of mastic testing confirmed the favorable effect of certain antioxidants on improving the resistance to fatigue cracking. Furthermore, the type of aggregate was found to influence the rate of aging of asphalt mixtures.
Based on the rheological and fracture test results on asphalt binders and mastic, the effect of antioxidants was further investigated and validated at spectroscopic, chemical and microstructural level using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Gel-permeation chromatography (GPC) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), respectively. The spectroscopic analysis with FTIR supported the efficacy of the additives in retarding aging by reducing the carbonyl growth in aged binders. The chemical analysis with GPC confirmed that both Redicote and Solprene were capable of reducing the large molecular size fraction in binders subjected to long-term aging. The image analysis with AFM provided insight on the spatial distribution, surface roughness parameters and micromechanical properties (i.e., adhesion, stiffness) of various phases and the effect of aging on the micro-rheology of antioxidant-modified binders.
The last part of this study examined the effect of aging on the viscoelastic response of asphalt mixture using the Prony series representation and a newly developed parameter called aging state variable ‘A’. The dynamic modulus test data was used for the analysis. The aging state variable ‘A’ was found to capture the effect of aging temperature and duration of aging on the viscoelastic properties of asphalt mixtures.
- masters, M.S., Civil Engineering -- University of Idaho - College of Graduate Studies, 2017-12
- Major Professor:
- Kassem, Emad
- Bayomy, Fouad M.S.; McDonald, Armando
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