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Coeur d'Alene
Expedition Culture Geography People Maps Nature
  Setting the Stage: Acknowledgements and Review Process
Setting the Stage: Cultural Property Rights Agreement
Approaching this Module: Pedagogy
Approaching this Module: Principles of Sovereignty
Will of the People: Governance and Contemporay Programs
Gaming: Coeur d'Alene Tribal Casino
Natural and Cultural Resources: Focus on the Lake
Cultural Preservation: Language Center
Cultural Preservation: GIS Names-Place Project
Health Care: Benewah Medical and Wellness Center

  Native American
  Approaching the Oral Traditions: Preparations
Story: Coyote's Identity
Story: Coyote and the Rock Monster
Story: Coyote and the Green Field
Story: Coyote and the White Man
Story: Coyote and the Falls
Story: Chipmunk
Story: Four Smokes
Reflections on the Stories: Laugh, Learn and Perpetuate
Songs: Introduction
Songs: from the Animal People
Songs: of the Powwow
Songs: of the July-amsh Powwow
Songs: of the Sweat House
Heart Knowledge: Listening to the Ancestors
Heart Knowledge: Clean Hands

  Horses, Bugs and Furs: Early Contact
Manifest Destiny: War and a Reservation
Manifest Destiny: Allotment
Wilderness Kingdom: Jesuit Mission
Wounded: Facing the Continuing Challenges

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Listen as Lawrence Aripa shares the important family story of Four Smokes. Why did the Schitsu'umsh go on the difficult and dangerous journey to buffalo country? What lessons from this story can be applied to your own life?

Part 1 (originally developed as part of the 1993 Me-Y-Mi-Ym Project; recorded and edited by Dan Kane; project director Rodney Frey)

Ann Antelope Samuels, ca. 1997
A common theme in the oral traditions is the account of a human hero. These stories often involve a young boy, who in the face of the intimidation from a camp bully or certain defeat at the hands of an enemy uses his courage and tenacity to overcome his adversary. This theme is well illustrated in the Schitsu'umsh story of Four Smokes. While in Crow country and with the men of the camp out buffalo hunting, the camp becomes surrounded by enemy warriors. A young boy, "tall for his age," is asked to "use a stick as if a rifle," and attempt to divert the warriors away from the camp while the rest of his family escapes. Out of care for his family, the young boy reluctantly accepts. But he also knows that the Crows are great marksmen and that he will surely be killed. On each of four attempts, the young boy gives a war cry and, with lead bullets flying about him, runs to a nearby bush. On each occasion he makes it to the brush "without a scratch." The warriors come to believe that this "man" has "special powers," and they give up on their raid. That evening in a council of elders the young boy is given the name, Four Smokes, in honor of the four times the Crow rifles discharged gun smoke but failed to hit the boy, thus saving his family.

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Lawrence Aripa continues telling of Four Smokes.

Part 2

© Coeur d'Alene Tribe 2002

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