Collection Timeline

1939 to 2002

1939

Baren slope at Deception Creek Experimental Forest headquarters wattled to prevent erosion

1910

Seed beds with broad leaf species Sale Jurgen Brothers, February 19, 1910. Brush disposal by burning, showing large amount of waste after cutting 50,000 feet per acre General view of nursery site from bench above seed bed area [01] Western White pine in normal stand along Pearson's tote road

1911

An overmature stand 225 years old in Benton Creek Bottom, consisting of western white pine, western larch, western red cedar, and hemlock Experimental planting areas in western larch type (foreground) and western yellow pine type (hill in background) Meteorological station on northwest slope representative of western white pine type Site of partially prepared experimental nursery and transplant beds on Benton Flat View of Boulder Nursery, Helena National Forest, Montana Transplant area Transplant area, showing improper method of irrigation View of nursery site, Pony Ranger Station Experimental planting area for the western white pine type at Priest River Experimental Station.  Area logged in 1910 by Jurgens Bros. and brush burned broadcast; the large amount of debris left on ground after logging typical over-mature stand in this type General view of transplant ground showing long rows + paths for irrigation Helena Nursery bed Western White Pine 2-0 raised from Coeur d'Alene seed. Helena Area used for transplant ground Boulder Nursery, Montana Helena Transplant boards used at Boulder Nursery for transplanting from seed. Helena General view of Boulder Nursery, showing seed beds + their arrangement Nursery beds of Idaho Yellow Pine 2 years old ready for the field Nursery site on Benton Flat, Priest River Experiment Station The western larch type at the Priest River Experimental Station The control meteorological station on Benton Flat looking north Norway Spruce [Norway Spruce? Or White Pine?] planted on logged WP land, P.R. Exp. Sta., fall of 1911 Trenching paths in trasplant beds View overlooking Experiment Station and Benton Flat Exp Yellow (ponderosa) pine planting site looking south North End of Benton Flat at time of first installations, 1911 The western yellow pine type at the Priest River Experiment Station, typical of the south slopes at 2500 feet elevation on the Kaniksu National Forest. Partially completed dam and reservoir site on Benton Creek Same as shown in Plate XIX from a different angle Site for experimental planting of exotic hard woods in western white pine type The control meteorological station on Benton Flat, in winter Northest slope meteorological station in winter Completed laboratory, office building and greenhouse General view of Priest River Experiment Station One of the ranches in the vicinity of the Priest River Experiment Station The beginning of the Priest River Experiment Station The first team arriving at the Experiment Station grounds and the crew which established the Station Reservoir site and partially completed dam on Benton Creek, to provide water supply for the Priest River Experimental Station, Kaniksu National Forest Experimental area in western larch type on Benton Flat, looking south Southwest slope meteorological station and showing Benton Flat after brush had been cleared from sample plots which were to be planted in fall of 1911, and after the meteorological instruments had been set up Control meteorological station on Benton Flat, Priest River Experimental Station Areas suitable for experimental investigations in western yellow pine Meteorological station on southwest slope, Priest River Experimental Station

1912

The first Experiment Station greenhouse Greenhouse heated with wood stove. Covered with canvas on north side to prevent radiation Forester Graves and party on visit to Experiment Station. Left to right: Greeley, Tanner, Mason, Silcox, Gerard, Wolff, Graves, Stickney Clearing away debris on Jurgens Flat for experimental plots, 1912 Preparing seedbeds General view of nursery site from bench above seed bed area [03] General view of nursery site from bench above seed bed area [02] Laboratory and greenhouse with woodshed on left Laboratory and greenhouse Meteorological Station #1 in winter Meteorological Station on North-East Slope Experimental planting site and control meteorological station on Benton Flat, Priest River Experiment Station

1913

Benton Meadow site, south side of meadow Shows growth during two seasons on good white pine land on level bench near river Seedlings on Natural and Burned Surfaces Priest River Exp. Sta. barn with buckskin driving team and black work horse. Meteorological Station 3 control, Benton Flat Instruments at Meteorological Station 3, Benton Flat Site on Jurgens Flat used for planting experiments, 1911-1916 Nursery, showing rows of maples, elms, ashes in the foreground with nursery seed beds on left and other hardwoods in background Savenac nursery seed beds, 1913 General view of the Savenac nursery, 1913 New office/lab,with tool house in the rear Combination shed for workshop, tools, wood and ice and greenhouse work Second dwelling cottage, for use of married Assistant; Combination Shed, used as workshop and for tools and wood. Crop of oats on meadow after first plowing; and Oats being cut for hay

1914

Laboratory Building and Cottages 1 and 2 Barn,and hay shed on right. Meadow Nursery and Benton Nursery Timber clearing near buildings Unthinned White Pine-Larch Stand & Severely Thinned plot Moderately Thinned Plot & Lightly Thinned plot Lightly Thinned & Partial Product of Thinning Western Yellow Pine Plantation Three Years afer Planting Barn at Priest River Experimental Station. August 19, 1914 Meadow Nursery at PRES August, 1914 Priest River Experimental Station - cottages at station Priest River Experimental Station - cottages and grounds at station Permanent thinning plot 10, Priest River Experimental Station. Lee Stratton on view. 1914 Experimental Station meadow, looking north from point where trail crosses Benton Creek Meadow at Priest River Experimental Station, Kaniksu National Forest, Idaho Priest River Experimental Station Laboratory building Priest River Experiment Station.  New seed bed section, Benton Flat Experimental Nursery, 15 beds used for study germination

1915

View of Experiment Station Buildings and Clearing and Surrounding Grounds Cottage No. 3 and gasoline drag saw outfit mounted on skids Benton Flat Nursery [02] 6-Year-Old selection cutting, Coeur d'Alene National Forest Coeur d'Alene National Forest [01] Coeur d'Alene National Forest [02] Cottage #3, a storehouse remodeled and with additions, making four rooms and bath Stack of 50 M. Western white pine trees, ready for shipment, Savenac Nursery From Crow's Nest [01] General view of buildings from Crow's Nest, 1923 Plantations of fall 1911 [01] One of the Ranger Assignment tents showing the condition Rangers left things in when they left New gasoline engines and drag saw purchased for Station - 4 horsepower. Wagon and storage shed built by rangers in February, 1915

1916

Rangers and Supervisor in attendance at Ranger conference Bunkhouse in course of construction Greenhouse showing top covered with canvas tent flies during seed testing period Center and south benches of the greenhouse showing a portion of the seed test flats. Jacobsen germinating apparatus on lower center bench Germination of white pine seed tips cut and uncut Seed testing Lecture room building in course of construction Exterior view of bunkhouse showing extent completed by rangers in 1916 Priscilla Brewster and Margaret Larsen.  The wheel on this log provided hours of play View of dwelling cottage, showing front porch and window of front bedroom, and window of living room and dining room on side New road leading from stage road to Exp. Sta. Devil's Looking Glass and head of Benton Creek unit - Exp. Forest in background

1917

Priest River Experimental Station, March 1917 Transplant [Benton Flat] nursery at PRES Lookout over toolhouse from the Priest River Experiment Station Weather Station in midwinter Western yellow pine planted in the spring of 1912 at 5 years Experiment Station Lookout from rock slide on hill just west of it Western yellow pine seeding showing difference in development between treated and untreated, sulphuric acid treatment Western white pine on Jurgens Flat, 1917 Photo of Margaret in the Benton Meadow hayfield Plantations of fall 1911 [02] Cottages #1 and #1 and weather stations, July 1917

1918

The new lookout cabin with Mr. Finley, the forest fire lookout Packing lumber to build lookout cabin on Experiment Station Lookout. J. Murray on view

1919

Left is daughter Margaret. The Larsens lived at Priest Creek Experimental Forest from 1913 to 1922. Improvement plan of the headquarters site

1920

Western yellow pine planted in the spring of 1912 at 8 years These are the only known photos of the interior of the original cottages Left is daughter Margaret. Christmas photograph of Larsen family Dining room Child's bedroom [02] JA and Margaret at Priest Lake The old Davenport Hotel in the background. Jennie and Margaret in downtown Spokane at the Davenport Hotel Plantations of Englemann spruce and western white pine on logged area, 1910, burned 1911, planted 1912 Condition of timber sale area (Jurgens 1910) in 1920. Clear cut, hemlock slashed burned twice 1911 Unmerchantable and decayed material left after logging original stand of western white pine 1920 Priest River Experimental Station Personnel: Mrs. Larsen, McCarthy, W.C. Lowdermilk, and Gerhard Santorium Kempff between cottages 1 and 2.  Kempff and Mac arguing as usual Margaret and Jennie in 7-passenger Studebaker J.A. Larsen on top of original spar tree Present shop building, circa 1920

1921

Southwest slope plant No. 44 Southwest slope plant No. 43, plot 22 in the spring 1921 View of Benton Flat looking south Breaking ground for new nursery, PRES. 1921 Gisborne at Baker, Oregon 1910 burn Graham Creek, Coeur d'Alene NF. View west and northwest Margaret Larsen and Hansie Kempff The road from the Ranger Station to the Experimental Station in December 1921 Views of 10-15-year-old reproduction, mainly western white pine, resulting from a Forest Service partial cutting in which a shelterwood of small diameter trees was left after cutting

1922

Buildings and greenhouse at Priest Creek Experimental Forest Buildings and weather station at Priest Creek Experimental Forest Ponderosa pine plantings in Benton Flat Western yellow pine planted in the spring of 1912 at 10 years Western yellow pine stock fall 1912 These plants have had much competition with pine grass. Southwest slope with plants No. 20, 18, 2 and 19 Southwest slope plant No. 36 Western yellow pine Large stock fall 1922 Medium stock, fall 1922 Small stock, fall 1922

1923

View from spar tree Brush piled for burning. Cottage and weather instruments Single and double burns in the Deep Creek and Jordan Creek area Complete destruction by two hard burns in 1910 and 1919 View across Deep Creek toward the southerly slopes in Section 8 View of south aspect showing effect of double burn in Section 8 Effect of the two fires (1910 and 1919) on north aspect of lower Jordan Creek canyon View east up Jordan Creek Complete work of two severe fires (1910 and 1919) View north along Deep Creek from point between Deep Creek and Jordan Creek View east across Deep Creek to Section 9 Steep lower south aspect on Jordan Creek Near view of 1910 burn, Section 4, Alder Creek Near view of steep, lower south slope aspect, Jordan Creek Where the 1910 burn destroyed a young stand which succeeded the 1870 burn Dense mat of Ceanothus, vetutinus and willow growing a site burned hard in 1889 and 1910 Upper south slopes burned hard in 1889 and 1910, followed by dense Ceanothus and willow Erosion in gully on lower part of north aspect in Sec. 4 Plantation of western white pine, Priest Rvier Experimental Station Tool house and laboratory at Priest River Experimental Station Tierney's Cabin, burnt Cabin Creek, Coeur d'Alene NF

1924

Central control station for weather work in fire studies Receiving Weather Bureau forecast by wireless The salvage sale in the Fox Creek area, after the Highlanding Fire of 1922 The salvage sale in the Fox Creek area, after the Highlanding Fire of 1922. Looking east [02] The salvage sale in the Fox Creek area, after the Highlanding Fire of 1922. Looking east [01] The salvage sale in the Fox Creek area, after the Highlanding Fire of 1922. Looking west View of logged, burned, and timbered areas near Larson, Coeur d'Alene NF Disposal of inferior species, Crowder's Camp, Kaniksu NF. August, 1924 Cone on 16-year old planted western white pine

1925

Burning the wind-rowed slash on Fox Creek, on April 30, 1925 Planting research laboratory at Savenac Nursery Planting research laboratory at Savenac Nursery Planting research laboratory at Savenac Nursery 100-yr-old pure western white pine stand near Pierce, Idaho Western white pine near Browns Creek Western white pine near Musselshell Natural park in white pine, cedar, and fir stand Stand of white pine with some white fir near Brown's Creek, Clearwater NF Western red cedar 15' the long way diameter

1926

Ranger training school held at Priest Creek Experimental Forest Road through overmature white pine stand Director R.H. Weidman and Field Assistant L.M. Correll dining Showing interior of plot 110 before thinning with Dean F.G. Miller in foreground Savenac Nursery

1927

Group of western white pine on 4-Cabin Creek Bob Marshall, Junior Forester at Priest Creek Experimental Forest Gisborne in the Missoula office Reproduction quadrat on Fox Creek Reproduction quadrat on Fox Creek [01] Averill, Hatch, Munns, Marshall, Gisborne, Koch, Weidman, Larsen August 1927. View of cutting for cedar poles, Kaniksu NF

1928

The steep chute from Fox Creek to flume in Big Creek From left, Bob Marshall, Robert Weidman, Gerhard Kempf, and F.G. Miller Lookout on Experimental Point [01] Lookout on Experimental Point [02] Looking toward Experiment Station dwellings from Laboratory Univ. of Idaho students at Priest Creek Experimental Forest Idaho Forest School spring field trip to Experiment Station Priest River Experimental Station buildings, June 1928, from Crow's Nest hill Reproduction quadrat on Fox Creek [02] Reproduction quadrat on Fox Creek Giant Red Cedar - 128 Inches D.B.H. Standing in the upper Priest River Wilderness Univ of Idaho field trip spring 1928 at weather station

1929

Gisborne observing the Half Moon fire on the north fork of the Flathead River Summer Camp

1930

View of meadow and cabin Late winter scene Scalers cabin Taken on the operations of the Clearwater Timber Co. The Spirit of Lewiston loading cedar poles above Camp 12 Monarch tractor delivering logs at landing at Camp #9 Loading logs on cars at Camp 9 View of red cedar poles piled on road at Cardiff Caterpillar '60' delivering logs at landing below Pierce, Idaho Lynn Caterpillar truck with load at landing near Pierce, Idaho General view of headquarters of Clearwater Timber Company Margaret's dolls dressed in new Christmas attire Child's bedroom [02] Jemison at the clear-cut inflammability station [01] George Jemison standing next to instruments Jemison at the clear-cut inflammability station [02] The school house was located on the north side of the Forest Completed half-cut inflammability station [02] Lower end Benton Creek road entrance to Priest River Branch Station Completed scale shelter at Clear Cut station Completed half-cut inflammability station [01] Framing of scale shelter for weighing fuel moisture dowels Weather recording station at Priest River Large dowel tested at an inflammability station for reliability in measuring fuel moisture [02] Large dowel tested at an inflammability station for reliability in measuring fuel moisture [03] Large dowel tested at an inflammability station for reliability in measuring fuel moisture [01] Winter scene at Priest Creek Experimental Forest Logs leaving flume Winter scene of footbridge from Office/lab to cottages Stand conditions on a 10-year-old shelter-wood cutting in the western white pine type Lecture hall and woodshed, removed during the CCC construction period Building 4, PR BR. Sta., showing method of straightening up structure Priest Creek Experimental Forest Headquarters [09] Station Chevrolet '6', 1930 Automobile Wire bound wood water pipe from water supply dam to buildings Mature white pine timber on Clearwater Timber Company's holdings [06] White pine 5 ft. diameter breast high on  Clearwater Timber Company's holdings White pine 5 ft. diameter breast high on Clearwater Timber Company's holdings Mature Western White Pine timber on the Clearwater Timber Company holdings [02] Mature Western White Pine timber on the Clearwater Timber Company holdings [03] Mature Western White Pine timber on the Clearwater Timber Company holdings [04] Mature Western White Pine timber on the Clearwater Timber Company holdings [05] Mature Western White Pine timber on the Clearwater Timber Company holdings [01]

1931

White pine stand, Burnt Cabin Creek, Coeur d'Alene National Forest [02] White pine stand, Burnt Cabin Creek, Coeur d'Alene National Forest [01] White pine timber on Burnt Cabin Creek sale. Coeur d'Alene National Forest Roadway to the Priest River Branch Station at the point where it leaves the county road, February, 1931 Weather Station, Priest River Snow conditions at cylinders, Clear Cut site Snow on Duff Bed, Clear Cut site, early Feb. 1931 View of dwellings at Priest River Branch Station, June, 1931 View of grounds, Priest River Station [01] View of grounds, Priest River Station [02] Shop and new garage Dwellings at Priest River Branch Station Garage, original shop, and office/lab. Dwellings at Priest River Branch Station. Early spring 1931 Garage site excavation, PR Branch Station, building area, May 1931

1932

View northwest toward clear-cut inflammability station of the Priest River Experimental Forest, July-August 1932 View north across poposed arboretum site on PREF US Forest Service Exotic Tree Plantations in northern Idaho and western Montana Cottages, summer 1932 Road grader which was use in constructing interior road along South Fork Unloading supplies from plane Emergency guards with packs leaving airplane at Barlett Creek landing field Checking supplies unloaded from plane at Bartlett Creek Landing field Unloading lumber and equipment from plane at Bartlett Creek Snowbank at Cottage #2 Feb, 1932, Priest River Branch Station Unloading oats from plane at Bartlett Creek Road up Benton Creek, PREF July-Aug. 1932 Present Bunkhouse/Messhall nearing completion [01] Present Bunkhouse/Messhall nearing completion [02] Construction almost completed Bunkhouse complete with refrigerator hutch left of side door Student helper watering seed beds Man in foreground taking soil moisture measurements Weather Station at Priest River, looking south Clearing landing field at Big Prairie R.S. Flathead N.F Priest Creek Experimental Forest Headquarters [02] Weather station and cottages in background, children playing in foreground Unidentified children in the daisies Firefighters at work on Elmira fire. Building fire trench on Elmira fire. July-Aug. 1932 Cabin in flames, Elmira fire Pump and hose in use on Elmira fire Portion of Elmira fire trench Quenching the flames with dirt at the Elmira fire Quenching the flames with dirt; Elmira fire View across area slashed for burning to prevent fire hazard on Priest River Exp. For. July-Augst 1932 Clear cut station Weather station in midwinter Ford pumper used for slash burning control Priest River Branch Station One of two nozzles showing pressure supplied with Pacific pumper, cooling down edges of slash burn. Louise Thompson Daughters of J.B.Thompson. Cottage 2 left, Cottage 1 right. Wood cylinders just after appearing above snow Clear Cut station before snow covering Guard station at the Roosevelt grove of ancient cedars Virgin white pine stand near Hageman corner Group of over-mature white pines near Hageman corner Wood cylinders showing damage to supports Old road through white pine stand near Hageman corner Over-mature white pine stand near Hageman corner [02] Over-mature white pine stand near Hageman corner [01] Over-mature white pine stand near Hageman corner Making observations on half-cut inflammability station General view of half-cut inflammability station on Priest River Experimental Forest Snow damage to 1030 series wood cylinders Half timbered station, February 23, 1932 Determing loss of moisture transpiration of seedling Northern Rocky Mountain[NRM] Instruments at half-cut inflammability station [04] Northern Rocky Mountain[NRM] Instruments at half-cut inflammability station [03] Northern Rocky Mountain[NRM], Interior view of weather instrument shelter Northern Rocky Mountain[NRM] Instruments at half-cut inflammability station [02] Instruments at half-cut inflam Stand of lodgepole pine on Jackpine Flats between Priest River Exp. Sta. and Coolin View of full timbered inflammability station New steel bridge across Lochsa River near Powell Ranger Station View from Lolo Ridge truck trail near Cayouse Junction. Selway NF, Idaho View from Lolo Ridge truck trail at point about ten miles from Powell Ranger Station Office building at Priest River Experimental Station Footbridge and laboratory looking southerly, Priest River Branch Station The laboratory wood shed From Crow's Nest [02] Winter scene, garage, shop, and office/lab From left to right: Mrs. J.B. Thompson, J.B. (Tommie) Thompson, Helen Mac Thompson (in front of Thompson), Morris Huberman, Beatrice Jemison, George Jemison, Ted Haig, Charles Wellner, Louise Thompson (in front of Wellner), Mary Davis, and Kenneth Davis Margaret Elaine Larsen feeding chickens, Priest River Experimental Station, Priest River, Idaho Little Fork Loco Creek, Crazy Mtns. Wading at Luby Bay picnic ground Picnic party at Luby Bay picnic ground Assistant Supervisor Cossitt at Luby Bay picnic ground. Ranger Jim Ward at Luby Bay picnic ground Chico fire, Emigrant Gulch, 8/26/32 Midwinter snow scene fron the head of stairs on cottage #2, toward cottage #3 V-type snow plow with trailer timber arranged to prevent wabbling of plow Taking soil sample at clear-cut area [01] Taking soil sample at clear-cut area [02] The stage arrives, midwinter A ranch in timber near Gleason School, West Branch of Priest River Weather station with telephone pole and wind gage and 150' weather tree Mounting weather instruments, spring 1932 Weather instruments and spar tree, Priest River Experimental Station Seedlings in can on half-cut experimental area Seedlings in survival study Seeley Lake Ranger Station Valley Garden Ranch Co. sheep on Beaverhead NF The new garage and shop in mid-winter as seen from the walk near the front of cottage #2 Snow banks in front of the shop, February 1932

1933

View of the Sands Creek administration site Headquarters site in the fall of 1933 Northern Rocky Mountain[NRM] Instruments at half-cut inflammability station [01]

1934

Mailbox built 1934 CCC camp F-127, Company 1235, on Big Creek CCC Camp on Big Creek View of uncut timber left between clearcut strips, showing the mixture of white pine with hemlock and fir View of uncut timber left between clearcut strips, showing the mixture of white pine with hemlock and fir General view of Ohio Match Co. sale [01] General view of Ohio Match Co. sale [02] Construction of headquarters buildings Deception Creek Experimental Forest headquarters site development Headquarters construction The first buildings take shape [02] The first buildings take shape [01] The first buildings take shape [03] This picture shows the rather open overwood remaining and the slash piles ready to be burned. Looking Glass Look Out Looking Glass Lookout Residual stand after logging, before slashing [02] After slashing unmerchantable timber, before broadcast burn. Ignition Fire spreads through the unit A clean burn consumed all fine fuels, ready for planting Stand of WWP seed trees left after 1916 logging

1935

Oblique air photo View toward east View of nursery at PREF General view of strip cutting on Ames Creek Photo taken from weather tower Work camp at Deception Creek Expertimental station 1935 Emergency Relief crew shoveling gravel Dining room, Larsen home, Priest River Experimental Station, Idaho Deck of western white pine log The logs are shoved down the river by the rising flood Rear entrance road to Cottages 1 and 2 Rear entrance to Cottages 1 and 2 at Deception Creek ERA crew piling and burning brush on the Ames Creek Timber Sale; a member of an ERA crew igniting brush and slash Lunch hour for the ERA crew Weather instruments The main weather station where daily measurements have been made since 1912 The main weather station in the foreground is supplemented by instruments mounted in the tree top Northern Rocky Mountain Wind Gage, mounted on a fence post Instruments to indicate humidity and temperature Joy Armstrong with the Hazen instrument shelter The quadruple register which records rain,  wind, direction, and sunshine Service gages used each summer in Region One Three types of duff hygrometers Device for measuring wood moisture Four types of psychrometers for measuring the relative humidty of the atmosphere The interior of a meteorologcal instrument shelter An ordinary maximum thermometer is used to check the accuracy of the automatic recorder A barograph and a mercurial barometer for measuring the weight or pressure of the atmosphere Wood cylinders Weighing a set of triplets to determine their moisture content Duff hygrometer spikes being dried in an electric oven Duff hygrometer properly inserted in the duff Set of weed cylinders and a duff hygrometer properly set beneath a standard screen Measuring relative humidity by use of a 'pocket type' sling psychrometer Continuous records of temperature and humidity are obtained by use of either a hygrothermograph (top) or a hygrograph (left) and a thermograph (right) An inexpensive ($8) instrument shelter One type of soil and air temperature recorder The interior of a meteorologcal instrument shelter Anemometer to determine wind velocity 3-cup anemomete A single magnet register for recording wind velocity A two magnet register for recording wind velocity, rainfall, and sushine. The measurements of the several factors of fire danger The Forest Rangers keep accurate comparable records of the important factors of fire danger Panoramic view of the Headquarters site in Moscow [01] Two-way voice radio is used to broadcast fire danger measurements to field stations and to report to the Regional office The device illustrates the most important factors of fire danger into a rating on a scale of 1 to 7 Chart illustrates the type of record kept by the forest ranger and supervisors Differences in air temperature and humidity caused by different amounts of shade Label introducing the paired altitude/aspect stations The north slope station at 2700 feet elevation Differences in factors of fire danger resulting from differences in density of the forest The south slope station at 2700 feet elevation The north slope station at 3800 feet elevation The south slope station at 3800 feet elevation Panoramic photos of headquarters site [02] The north slope station at 5500 feet elevation The south slope station at 5500 feet elevation The Clear-Cut or Full Sun station at Priest River The Half-Cut of Half Shade station at Priest River The Full Timbered or Full Shade station at Priest River fuel bygrograph The anemometer is mounted on the standard at the man's left Reading the anemometer dial, as a check on the wind record shown by the instrument Wood cylinders used for indicating the moisture content Top photo: Fire runs up these dead trees and jumps from snag to snag. Bottom photo: Close up view of the fuels on the ground beneath the snags and reproduction shown above. Panoramic photos of headquarters site [03] North half of station oval looking south and east from the upper bridge Conjunction of the halves of the station oval looking west Headquarters site [01] Headquarters site [02] View in Brushfield planting, Fox Creek, Priest River Experimental forest Man stands in front of tree General view of hemlock disposal work, Tom Lavin Creek. Area logged by Ohio Match Co. in 1934 for white pine only Views of the sectional office being unloaded Station grounds of the Deception Creek Experimental Forest as it looks on a moon-lit night around 9:00p.m. After the first snow fall of the year An example of private 'forestry' in Idaho. September 25, 1935 ERA crew planting shrubbery Cottage 2 left, cottage 1 right Priest Creek Experimental Forest 1935 Clearcut and shelterwood strips on Sands Creek Temporary cook-house Temporary office quarters New addition with loading dock Back of note found in the shop floorboards 1994 Front of shop note

1936

Portal sign from Deception Creek Experimental Forest Building Photos from 1936 Annual Report Scenes at Deception Creek Experimental Forest Headquarters Snow scene of buildings Map of road maintenance and construction. Map of roadside timber clean-up projects Debris resulting from roadside cleanup work before and after burning Burning roadside cleanup slash along the Huckleberry Ridge road Map of thinning area, Upper Deception Creek Map of silvicultural work, reservoir area Silvicultural work in Ames Creek area Photo page from the 1936 Annual Report Map of Sands Creek 1935 & 1936 Planting Areas 1936 Timber Sale map Finger Gulch treatments Map of blister rust surveys Views of the buildings on the Montford Claim Views of buildings on Demorest Claim Exterior view of 80-year old, western white pine type stand Strip cutting, Ames Creek Dormitory Office at Deception Creek Experimental Forest Five stall garage Gasoline and oil supply house Meteorological Station Woodshed Cook house and dining room Blacksmith and carpentry shop Cottage 2 Deception Creek, Galbraiths and Lloyd Hayes standing on porch. Upper Deception Creek Public Camp Ground Superintendent's Cottage Guest cottage Photos series of the buildings found on the Arthur Demorest claim [04] Photos series of the buildings found on the Arthur Demorest claim [05] Photos series of the buildings found on the Arthur Demorest claim [06] Photos series of the buildings found on the Arthur Demorest claim [07] Photos series of the buildings found on the Arthur Demorest claim [08] Photos series of the buildings found on the Arthur Demorest claim [09] Photos series of the buildings found on the Arthur Demorest claim [10] Photos series of the buildings found on the Arthur Demorest claim [11] Photos series of the buildings found on the Arthur Demorest claim [12] View of the weather station at Deception Creek on March 26, 1936 Photos series of the buildings found on the Arthur Demorest claim Photos series of the buildings found on the Arthur Demorest claim [01] Photos series of the buildings found on the Arthur Demorest claim [02] Photos series of the buildings found on the Arthur Demorest claim [03] This sequence illustrates the development of vegetation on the slope over a period of ten years. New Office/Lab, rear view Pruning in 45-year western white pine Western white pine tree after pruning Near view of 6-inch western white pine tree after pruning Stand after logging and slashing, preparatory to burning Area after broadcast burning Roadside clean-up slash ready for burning 336593-Burning of roadside clean-up slash; 336594-Using propane torch to start fires in burning roadside clean-up slash Portion of area in Upper Sands Creek timber sale Interior view of residual stand, after merchantable White Pine had been logged View of piled slash from roadside clean-up work Area logged and slashed preparatory to broadcast burning Baren slope at Deception Creek Experimental Forest headquarters wattled to prevent erosion

1937

Powerhouse built 1937 Hadala is listed as an enrollee in the Annual report of Co. 1235 in 1937 Lodge (cottage 1) circa 1937 Cars in front of lodge Priest River compound The cottage at Priest River Field Laboratory used by the station superintendent or by one of the married techincal employees The cottage at Priest River Field Laboratory used by the station superintendent or by one of the married techincal employees Thinning in 65-year western white pine stand Disposal of defective and unmerchantable hemlock and white fir [01] Disposal of defective and unmerchantable hemlock and white fir [02] Heavy white pine and hemlock timber in 200-year-old virgin stand Thrifty 25-year western white pine reproduction [01] 160-year western white pine stand from which low value hemock and white fire have been removed Thrifty 25-year western white pine reproduction [02] Thrifty 25-year western white pine reproduction [04] Thrifty 25-year western white pine reproduction [03] Interior view of thinning in 65-year western white pine Overview of headquarters From the Finger Gulch file, pre harvest photos Personal No. 4, Finger Gulch Logging Job Personal No. 3, Finger Gulch Logging Job Personal No.5, Finger Gulch Logging Job Finger Gulch sale area. Same as Moscow #653 Pacific pump in use for control of broadcast burn Gisborne and Station Director Stephen Wyckoff 1937 G. Lloyd Hayes, the principle investigator of the Altitude/Aspect weather study Construction complete on headquarters building Construction complete This sequence illustrates the development of vegetation on the slope over a period of ten years. House for electric light plant at Deception Creek Station 1937 [01] View taken in the Montford Creek Natural Area within the DC Forest View along south side road showing a 160-year-old stand of western white pine and western hemlock Near view of dense 200-year-old virgin western white pine and hemlock 160-year western white pine stand Heavy stand of 200-year old virgin white pine and western hemlock timber University of Montana students leaving the rear of the new  office/lab Office and Lab Aerial view of Priest River Experimental Forest headquarters. Party with Pinchot and Graves, Deception Creek Expt. Forest, Aug 5, 1937 Similar to Moscow #713 One year later showing development of herbaceous plants Three years after burning, three growing seasons after planting Clearcutting hemlock preparatory to a broadcast burn Prelogging disposal in Hannah Creek, Kaniksu National Forest Quarter acre area along Hannah Creek road, Kaniksu NF Rain gage near office. Gisborne with dipstick Interior view of thinning in 65-year western white pine stand. Sands Creek, Deception Creek Experimental Forest, Idaho. September 1937

1937?

Lodge (cottage 1) circa 1937 Cars in front of lodge Priest River compound The cottage at Priest River Field Laboratory used by the station superintendent or by one of the married techincal employees Clearcutting hemlock preparatory to a broadcast burn

1938

A panoramic depiction of the sale area and were scanned as one Regular technical personnel for summer of 1938, Priest River Experimental Forest Cabin 3. Did you ever see such a glum appearing bunch? A series of snow scenes [04] A series of snow scenes [06] A series of snow scenes [07] Three story stand near Deception Creek Experimental Forest Hdq View intended to show dense hemock understory before cutting Disposal of overdense hemlock reproduction from under a 140-year-old shelterwood of western white pine [02] General view of Ames Creek clear-cutting Deception Creek Experimental Forest showing Deception Creek No. 1 sale area [01] Deception Creek Experimental Forest showing Deception Creek No. 1 sale area [02] Deception Creek Experimental Forest showing Deception Creek No. 1 sale area Deception Creek Experimental Forest showing Deception Creek No. 1 logging area [02] Deception Creek Experimental Forest showing Deception Creek No. 1 logging area [01] Deception Creek Experimental Forest showing Deception Creek No. 1 logging area [03] Deception Creek Experimental Forest showing Deception Creek No. 1 logging area Nelson Sale area [02] Western White pine stand, 160-200 years of age, containing more that 50 thousand board feet per acre Excellent quality nearly pure stand of 160-year-old western white pine Disposal of defective and unmerchantable hemlock and white fir to create shelterwood conditions favorable for establishment of white pine in advance of logging The understory hemlock which has expanded its crown surface Disposal of overdense hemlock reproduction from under a 140-year-old shelterwood of western white pine [01] Stand after slashing Residual stand after logging, before slashing [03] Stand after logging of WWP, before slashing for broadcast burning Residual stand after logging, before slashing [01] Area slashed, ready for broadcast burn Same area as No. 374095 but slightly different view Same stand after WWP seed trees were logged

1939

Freiz recording precipitation gage on bank at right Before recording precipitation gage was installed Photo taken from weather tower, looking east to Gisborne lookout Friez recording precipitation gage Weather Bureau standard rain gage Benton Creek gaging dam during spring runoff Frank Martino 94 Sackman St Brookln N.Y. fixed the Supply room on Jan 19, 1939 Finger Gulch sale area [02] Upper end of the gulch, soon after harvest Lower end of gulch, soon after harvest White pine was logged and area slashed for broadcast burning No. 379193 White pine stand before logging.  No. 379203 Repeat of 379193 after logging.  No. 381755 Same area after under-stand was slashed for broadcast. Stand of western white pine after mature white pine has been clearcut and logged Stand of western white pine after mature white pine has been clearcut and logged [02] Stand of western white pine after mature white pine has been clearcut and logged [01] Roadside clean-up House for electric light plant at Deception Creek Station 1937 [02] This sequence illustrates the development of vegetation on the slope over a period of ten years. View from Huckleberry Mountain toward Hayden Lake, Coeur d'Alene NF, Idaho Western white pine tree No. 81-B, before pruning After prunning. Height of tree-68 ft." Baren slope at Deception Creek Experimental Forest headquarters wattled to prevent erosion Weather Station at Deception Creek

1940

Benton Meadow snowcourse from witness post looking east toward Benton Meadow cabin Benton Meadow snowcourse as seen from Benton Meadow scaler's cabin; facing west 4100' station at end of upper Benton snowcourse. Benton Meadow snowcourse from road edge on bank above initial point, looking toward Benton Meadow cabin Upper Benton snowcourse looking south toward 4100' station from 2300' station Upper Benton snowcourse from Upper Benton Spring, looking north toward initial point from 2300' station Snow sampling tube in snow at initial point of Upper Benton snowcourse Benton Creek gaging station showing charge of water into pond above dam during spring runoff Rain and snow gage at end of Benton Creek road Gang at Spike Camp Junction of the main Coeur 'Alene River (left) with the South Fork (right) near Enaville, Idaho Gisborne at the Control weather station Livingroom [03] Livingroom [02] Livingroom [01] Margaret and mother Jennie at the Station greenhouse H.T. Gisborne lecturing to Montana Forest School seniors on fire weather studies. Montana Forest School Seniors Montford homestead From the series of photos of the Montford homestead Series of photos of the Montford homestead; second cabin Montford homestead at the mouth of Haynes Creek; the outhouse Old white pine stump J. A., Margaret, and Jennie, possibly at Iowa State University, where Margaret was a student

1941

View toward east H.T. Gisborne explaining fire research work at Clearcut inflammability station Summer Camp, High Rolls, New Mexico, 1941 Lloyd and Louise Hayes at clearcut inflam station Watering beds at Savenac Nursery Office and Lab colorized Priest Creek Experimental Forest headquarters from Crow's Nest

1942

Map of Deception Creek Experimental Forest locations File memo by Wellner describing process of establishing permanent photo points and records [02] File memo by Wellner describing process of establishing permanent photo points and records [03] File memo by Wellner describing process of establishing permanent photo points and records [01] Chart of point points and schedule of photo taking Last of the sequence This sequence illustrates the development of vegetation on the slope over a period of ten years. Eight years later

1943

Chuck and Ethel Wellner

1945

Four separate photos from each year form a panoramic depiction of the sale area and were scanned as one Hazen instrument Finger Gulch sale area [01] No caption, lower end of gulch, 8 years after harvest Label introducing the inflammability stations This sequence illustrates the development of vegetation on the slope over a period of ten years. Nelson Sale area [01] Eleven years later Seven years after broadcast burn Seven years after planting Nine years after burning and planting Same stand seven years after last harvest

1946

General view of transplant beds art Savenac Nursery Threading trees on transplant board at Savenac Nursery

1949

A series of snow scenes [05] A series of snow scenes [09] A series of snow scenes [08] A series of snow scenes [03] A series of snow scenes [02] A series of snow scenes [01] Memo from Gisborne to Director Tebbe [02] Memo from Gisborne to Director Tebbe [01] Weir and instrument installation Dee Smith and P. Ingebo gaging Benton Creek, Priest River [01] Dee Smith and P. Ingebo rating Benton Creek, Priest River [02] Station 43 showing housing for Friez FW-2 recorder at Benton Spring Installing gage on Canyon Creek Priest River Installing gage on Canyon Creek

1950

Page 1 of the photo point form detailing the previous photos View of southwest, south and southeast yellow pine-Douglas fir slopes Margaret with dog Shep Page 1 of form with details of previous photos Page 2 of form with details of previous photos Precipitation gage with horizonal orifice and horizontal wind shield Instrumemt shelter 5500' south slope station A top Gisborne Mountain Priest River Experimental Forest 3800' north slope station Atop Gisborne Mountain at Priest Creek Experimental Forest Inside sno-cat using short wave radio equipment One-half mile below lookout on south ridge road Weighing snow sample near lookout Helmers measuring soil moisture and temperature with use of Coleman units and meter Page 1 of form detailing the previous photos Page 2 of form detailing the previous photos Experimental planting area for western white pine type at Priest River Experimental Station 250-year-old stand of white pine, larch, hemlock, and redcedar. A forest inflammability station at Priest River Two photos: Station 11, Benton dam, showing action of temporary structure installed 5/12/50 to decrease velocity of inflow. Stage 1.284 feet, flow about 18 c.f.s. View of Canyon Creek staff gage Canyon Creek Gage [02] Canyon Creek Gage [01] Description of the nursery establishment and operation [01] Description of the nursery establishment and operation [02] Description of the nursery establishment and operation [03] Description of the nursery establishment and operation [04] Description of the nursery establishment and operation [05] Description of the nursery establishment and operation [06] Virgin 160 year western white pine with an mixture of western hemlock Gisborne Mountain Disposal of undesirable hemlock by felling and piling for burning Tractor with rope winch, pulling out the trees Tractor with plough share, cutting roads through the woods. Blueprint map of land proposed for withdrawal for Priest River Experimental Station and the Benton Ranger Station

1951

Snyder Creek before and after clearcutting in 1951 Participants at the Gisborne Mountain dedication and unveiling of Gisborne plaque Alice Gisborne, wife of Harry, at the Gisborne plaque. Plaque commemorating the official change in the name of the mountain from Looking Glass to Gisborne.

1952

Progress of burning on northwest side of Snyder Creek broasdcast burn Images of burns at Deception Creek Experimental Forest Cabin 4 International TD-18A Bulldozer equipped with Issacon brush blade pushing a large pile of slash down about a 25% slope in a larch-Douglas fir clear cutting on the Coram Experimental Forest Tipping a snag during slash piling operations in a larch-Douglas fir clear cutting on the Coram Experimental Forest Deception Creek BRC Camp - 1952 Jack Barrows at slash study in the old CCC campsite George Fahnstock, principle investigator of the study G. Trayer, from the Forest Products Lab Group tour of the study

1953

Images of Deception Creek Forest and Snyder Creek Pruning images Weeding to favor western white pine Crop tree pruning Experimental slash burning, outdoor laboratory, Priest River, Idaho Experimental slash plot burning, outdoor laboratory, Priest River, Idaho Burning experimental slash Priest River Experimental Forest Burning experimental slash. Radiation from fire recorded on instrument to right Outdoor slash laboratory [01] Weighing slash to be applied on slash plots for flammability studies Outdoor slash laboratory [02] Weighing slash to be applied on slash plots for flammability studies

1954

Present bunkhouse; Conference building attached to this side. Inland Empire Forest Research Advisory Committee Meeting at Deception Creek Experimental Forest Left-fuel house, 5 stall garage, and shop Marv Foiles, superintendent and later Scientist in Charge of Priest Creek Experimental Forest Office Priest Creek Experimental Forest Headquarters [05] Project Sky Fire - seeding thunder storm clouds to force rain

1955

Groundbreaking; far right is Reed Bailey [01]

1957

North Idaho Forest Genetics Office Northern Idaho Forest Genetics Center, Moscow, Idaho: Administration and laboratroy building Northern Idaho Forest Genetics Center: Greenhouse, laboratory, lathhouse, and experimental nursery facilities Left to right Ray Hoff, Mel Morton, Dick Bingham, and Pat Wells Station under construction at the Canyon Creek inflammability station

1959

Bob Mutch at the large log moisture study Completed and functioning fire weather station

1960

Winter scene looking out to Moscow [01] Winter scene looking out to Moscow [02] Measuring Benton Meadow snow course Driving home the tube, Benton Spring snow course Weighing the tube B. Mutch at Benton Spring storage rain gage Resident research group Water bomb being attached to plane [01] Water bomb being attached to plane [02] Concrete dam

1961

Benton Flat Nursery Daily measurements recorded Aluminum roofing was installed on the shop Dick Bingham at groundbreaking ceremony

1962

Bunkhouse, Deception Creek Experimental Forest Cottages, Deception Creek Experimental Forest (Deception Creek Experimental Forest) Fire spread study conducted in the CCC campsite New office/lab/dormitory, ca 1962 GFI inspection, Deception Creek Experimental Forest, July 22-24, 1962

1963

Aluminum shingle roofing installed on the office and lodge Ceremony and crowd

1964

Deception Creek Expertimental Forest shop Old CCC building

1965

Bomb impacting after being dropped [01] Bomb impacting after being dropped [02] Man with bomb wreckage [02] Man with bomb wreckage [01]

1969

Forest Service personnel from left, Daubenmire, Boyd, Dedan, Foiles, Kardos, Chehok, Summerside, Rehfeldt, Kelhamek, Swanger, Steinhoff, Olson, Brown, Weistemer, Coffen, Carpenter, Deitschman (photographer)

1971

Nursery beds Irrigation pipe Irrigation pipe used in the white pine orchard at the University of Idaho Lifting machinery, Moscow Nursery 1971 Moscow Nursery 1971, L to R: Pat Wells, Ray Steinhoff, Jerry Rehfeldt [01] Moscow Nursery 1971, L to R: Pat Wells, Ray Steinhoff, Jerry Rehfeldt [02] Moscow Nursery rehabilitation, 1971

1972

Groundbreaking at Moscow, Idaho Drainpipe and shade boxes

1973

Groundbreaking, far right is Reed Bailey [04]

1974

Groundbreaking, far right is Reed Bailey [02]

1975

Landscape view [03] Landscape view [01] Landscape view [02] Priest Creek Experimental Forest Headquarters [01] Softball diamond in meadow

1976

Experimental Point Priest Creek Experimental Forest Headquarters [03] Priest Creek Experimental Forest Headquarters [04] Priest Creek Experimental Forest Headquarters [08] Priest Creek Experimental Forest Headquarters [06] Priest Creek Experimental Forest Headquarters [07]

1985

Al Stage explaining the numbskull to visiting Chinese Foresters

1989

R.T. Graham with tour group

2002

Margaret, seen here, flanked by Norgy and Theresa Asleson.